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Green tea polyphenol (–)-epigallocatechin-3-gallate prevents ultraviolet-induced apoptosis in PC12 cells

Woo SM, Kim YJ, Cai B, Park SY, Kim Y, Kim OJ, Kang IC, Kim WJ, Jung JY

Green tea polyphenol (–)-epigallocatechin-3-gallate (EGCG) is a potent antioxidant with protective effects against neurotoxicity. However, it is currently unclear whether EGCG protects neuronal cells against radiation-induced damage. Therefore, the objective...
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Consensus guidelines for the definition of the end stage of disease and last days of life and criteria for medical judgment

Lee SM, Kim SJ, Choi YS, Heo DS, Baik S, Choi BM, Kim D, Moon JY, Park SY, Chang YJ, Hwang IC, Kwon JH, Kim SH, Kim YJ, Park J, Ahn HJ, Lee HW, Kwon I, Kim DK, Kim OJ, Yoo SH, Cheong YS, Koh Y

In Korea, the Hospice, Palliative Care, and Life-sustaining Treatment Decision-making Act was enacted in February 2016 in order to ensure that the patient's self-determination in end-of-life care processes is respected....
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Reduction Plan of ‘Undeterminable’ in the Unexpected Antibody Screening by the Microcolumn Agglutination Automated Instrument

Lee DD, Kim DS, Kim DW, Lee MH, Kim OJ, Kim HD, Huh K, Lee MK

BACKGROUND: Among the results of an unexpected antibody screening test using IH-1000, ‘undeterminable’ results can be obtained. Repeated tests not only use reagents and consumables but also cause a turnaround...
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“It All Started from Worms”: Korea-Japan Parasite Control Cooperation and Asian Network, 1960s – 1980s

JUNG J, KIM OJ

The Korea Association of Health Promotion and Japanese Organization for International Cooperation in Family Planning (JOICFP), and Taiwan's Chinese Foundation of Health all originated from parasite control organizations. Currently these...
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Association of MicroRNA Biogenesis Genes Polymorphisms with Ischemic Stroke Susceptibility and Post-Stroke Mortality

Kim JO, Bae J, Kim J, Oh SH, An HJ, Han IB, Oh D, Kim OJ, Kim NK

BACKGROUND AND PURPOSE: MicroRNA (miRNA) expression has been examined in multiple conditions, including various cancers, neurological diseases, and cerebrovascular diseases, particularly stroke. Existing evidence indicates that miRNA biosynthesis and function...
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Development of the codes and guidelines of medical ethics in Korea

Kim OJ, Park YH, Hyun BG

Medical ethics, autonomy, and self-regulation form the core of medical professionalism. Therefore, codes and guidelines regarding ethics are key documents that demonstrate the identity of physicians as a professional group...
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A Social History of Ascariasis in the 1960s Korea: From a Norm to a Shameful Disease

Jung J, Park Y, Kim OJ

Until the 1950s, Ascaris was regarded as an essential part of life which controls every aspect of human physiology among Koreans. Therefore, Ascaris should not be removed from human body....
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The Effect of Pulsatility Index on Infarct Volume in Acute Lacunar Stroke

Kim Y, Lee H, An SA, Yim B, Kim J, Kim OJ, Kim WC, Kim HS, Oh SH, Kim J

PURPOSE: Lacunar stroke, in the context of small vessel disease, is a type of cerebral infarction caused by occlusion of a penetrating artery. Pulsatility index (PI) is an easily measurable...
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Comparison of Short-Term Clinical Outcomes between Intravitreal Ranibizumab and Aflibercept in Retinal Angiomatous Proliferation

Kim OJ, Kim JH, Kim JW, Lee TG, Cho SW, Lee DW, Han JI, Kim CG

PURPOSE: To evaluate the 6-month outcomes of intravitreal ranibizumab and aflibercept treatment for patients with retinal angiomatous proliferation (RAP). METHODS: A retrospective review of medical records of 28 patients (31 eyes)...
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Diagnostic Efficacy of the Modified Alvarado Score for Acute Appendicitis in Pregnant Women

Kim CS, Park HI, Lee JH, Jung WH, Lee SH, Nho WY, Kim SH, Je DW, Choe MS, Lee JY, Bae JK, Je SM, Chung TN, Kim EC, Choi SW, Kim OJ

PURPOSE: We aimed to evaluate whether the modified Alvarado score-which is currently being used to diagnose acute appendicitis-can be applicable in the diagnosis of diseases in pregnant women. METHODS: We retrospectively...
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Clinical Experience of Intra-Arterial Therapy in Patients with Acute Ischemic Stroke from a Single Institute

Park SY, Lee H, Kim J, Oh SH, Kim J, Kim NK, Kim SH, Kim OJ

PURPOSE: To compare the efficacy and safety between intra-arterial therapy (IAT) and intra-venous and intra-arterial combined therapy (IVIACT) in patients with acute ischemic stroke in the anterior circulation territory. MATERIALS AND...
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Ethical Perspectives on the Middle East Respiratory Syndrome Coronavirus Epidemic in Korea

Kim OJ

Ethical considerations are essential in planning for and responding to outbreaks of infectious diseases. During the outbreak of Middle East respiratory syndrome coronavirus (MERS-CoV) in the Republic of Korea in...
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Ki-rye Jang, a practitioner of love and compassion overcoming the suffering due to the division of Korea

Kim OJ

Born in 1911 to a wealthy Christian family in Korea, Ki-rye Jang graduated from Kyungsung Medical School and married Bong-sook Kim in 1932. Serving as an assistant of surgery under...
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Prediction of Complicated Acute Cholecystitis During Emergency Department Stay

Park HI, Park JW, Shim MB, Bae JK, Je SM, Chung TN, Kim EC, Choi SW, Kim OJ

PURPOSE: The aim of the study was to determine the factors associated with complicated acute cholecystitis of initial clinical findings during an emergency department (ED) visit, and to use them...
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Prolonged oral administration of Gastrodia elata extract improves spatial learning and memory of scopolamine-treated rats

Park YM, Lee BG, Park SH, Oh HG, Kang YG, Kim OJ, Kwon LS, Kim YP, Choi MH, Jeong YS, Oh J, Lee HY

Gastrodia elata (GE) is traditionally used for treatment of various disorders including neurodegenerative diseases such as Alzheimer's disease. To investigate the neuroprotective effect of GE, amyloid-beta peptide (Abeta)-treated PC12 cells...
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Analysis of Factors Affecting Length of Hospital Stay in Geriatric Patients Transferred from Long-term Care Hospitals

Park JW, Park HI, Shim MB, Lee CJ, Bae JK, Je SM, Chung TN, Kim EC, Choi SW, Kim OJ

PURPOSE: The number of geriatric patients transferred from long-term care hospitals to emergency department (ED) is increasing because the number of long-term care hospitals has increased significantly in recent years....
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Ethical Issues Recognized by Critical Care Nurses in the Intensive Care Units of a Tertiary Hospital during Two Separate Periods

Park DW, Moon JY, Ku EY, Kim SJ, Koo YM, Kim OJ, Lee SH, Jo MW, Lim CM, Armstrong , Koh Y

This research aimed to investigate the changes in ethical issues in everyday clinical practice recognized by critical care nurses during two observation periods. We conducted a retrospective analysis of data...
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"If I Only Touch Her Cloak": The Sisters of Charity of St. Joseph in New Orleans' Charity Hospital, 1834-1860

Kong HG, Kim OJ

This study is about the Sisters of Charity of St. Joseph in New Orleans' Charity Hospital during the years between 1834 and 1860. The Sisters of Charity of St. Joseph...
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Appropriateness of Glasgow-Blatchford Scoring System in Early Prediction of High Risk Group for Old Age Upper Gastrointestinal Bleeding Patients Visiting Emergency Department

Park KH, Lee CJ, Chun JM, Bae JK, Je SM, Chung TN, Kim EC, Choi SW, Kim OJ

PURPOSE: Upper gastrointestinal bleeding (UGIB) is one of the most common causes of emergency department (ED) presentation which can lead to a fatal condition. Many clinical scoring systems intended to...
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Observation of Emergency Department Adult Patient Presenting Primary Symptoms of Upper Digestive Tract Oreign Body Ingestion

Shim MB, Park JW, Park HI, Bae JK, Je SM, Chung TN, Kim EC, Choi SW, Kim OJ

PURPOSE: The purpose of this study is to search for factors which can help in deciding on proper treatment for patients who visit the Emergency department (ED) with symptoms of...
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