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Small testes: clinical characteristics and ultrasonographic findings

Yang DM, Choi HI, Kim HC, Kim SW, Moon SK, Lim JW

The purpose of this pictorial essay is to describe the ultrasonographic and clinical findings of patients with small testes due to a wide range of causes. We retrospectively reviewed the...
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Penile circumference and stretched penile length in prepubertal children: A retrospective, single-center pilot study

Park SK, Ergashev K, Chung JM, Lee SD

Purpose: To determine references for penile circumference according to age in prepubertal children and whether this measurement can be used as a basic penile parameter along with stretched penile length...
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The effects of sesame oil and different doses of estradiol on testicular structure, sperm parameters, and chromatin integrity in old mice

Mohammadzadeh M, Pourentezari M, Zare-Zardini H, Nabi A, Esmailabad SG, Khodadadian A, Talebi AR

Objective: Studies of the effects of estrogens on the male reproductive system have emphasized the role of these hormones in male fertility. Sesame oil has many phytoestrogenic compounds and may...
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Histopathology and Ultrastructural Findings of Fatal COVID-19 Infections on Testis

Achua JK, Chu KY, Ibrahim E, Khodamoradi K, Delma KS, Iakymenko OA, Kryvenko ON, Arora H, Ramasamy R

Purpose: To evaluate the presence and analyze the pathological changes within the testes of patients who died or recovered from severe acute respiratory syndrome coronavirus 2 (COVID-19) complications. Materials and Methods:...
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Testicular atrophy after mumps orchitis: ultrasonographic findings

Choi HI, Yang DM, Kim HC, Kim SW, Jeong HS, Moon SK, Lim JW

Purpose: The purpose of this study was to describe the ultrasonographic findings of testicular atrophy after mumps orchitis. Methods: We retrospectively reviewed the case files of eight patients (14 to 24...
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The Impact of Testicular Torsion on Testicular Function

Jacobsen FM, Rudlang TM, Fode M, Østergren PB, Sønksen J, Ohl DA, Jensen CFS, CopMich Collaborative

Torsion of the spermatic cord is a urological emergency that must be treated with acute surgery. Possible long-term effects of torsion on testicular function are controversial. This review aims to...
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Estimating the time of onset of testicular torsion using ultrasonography in an experimental rat model

Song SH, Afşarlar , Xie HW, Hung AJ, Koh CJ

Purpose: We aimed to document the time of onset of ultrasonographic and histologic changes in the testes of a rat model following testicular torsion. Methods: Twenty-five Sprague-Dawley rats were divided into...
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Testicular Dislocation Associated with Pelvic Ring Injury

Kim BS, Lee H, Kim ST, Lim HG

Unstable pelvis ring trauma can accompany urologic injuries such as bladder, ureter, or urethral injuries. In very rare cases, testicular dislocation can accompany a pelvic ring injury. Testicular dislocation causes...
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Testicular stiffness in varicocele: evaluation with shear wave elastography

Turna O, Aybar MD

Purpose: This study was conducted to evaluate the potential role of shear wave elastography (SWE) in the evaluation of testes in patients with varicocele. Methods: A total of 116 testes of...
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A Comparative Study of Single Scrotal Incision Orchiopexy of Children with Palpable Low-Lying Undescended Testis with Traditional Inguinal Method

Badbarin D, Mousavi Toomatari SE, Aslanabadi S, Farhadi E, Akhavan Salamat S

PURPOSE: Undescended testis (UDT) is a developmental defect in which one or both testicles do not arrive in the scrotum. Its prevalence at birth and one year after is 2%–4%...
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Evaluation of infertility efficacy of the E. coli expressed STF2-GnRH vaccine in male cats

Lee YJ, Jo EJ, Lee HW, Hwang BR, Kim YH, Park BJ, Cho YJ, Lee YA, Choi IS, Han JS

Gonadotropin-releasing hormone (GnRH) is secreted from the hypothalamus and anti-GnRH antibodies are not formed under normal conditions. However, administration an excess of recombinant GnRH protein results in the formation of...
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Protective Effect of All-Trans Retinoic Acid in Cisplatin-Induced Testicular Damage in Rats

Yucel C, Arslan FD, Ekmekci S, Ulker V, Kisa E, Erdogan Yucel E, Ucar M, Ilbey YO, Celik O, Basok BI, Kozacioglu Z

PURPOSE: To investigate the effects of all-trans retinoic acid (ATRA) in cisplatin (CP)-induced testicular damage in rats. MATERIALS AND METHODS: Twenty-eight male Wistar rats were divided into four groups: Control, ATRA...
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Unique variation of the left testicular artery passing through a vascular hiatus in renal vein

Padur AA, Kumar N

Surgeons should have a thorough knowledge regarding the morphologic variations of the testicular arteries as any injury to this artery during surgery might cause testicular atrophy. We report in here...
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Microsurgical Denervation of Spermatic Cord for Chronic Idiopathic Orchialgia: Long-Term Results from an Institutional Experience

Chaudhari , Sharma S, Khant S, Raval K

PURPOSE: Chronic testicular pain remains an important challenge for urologists. At present there are many treatment modalities available for chronic orchialgia. Some patients remain in pain despite a conservative treatment....
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Novel method of histopathological analysis after testicular sperm extraction in patients with nonobstructive and obstructive azoospermia

Cito G, Coccia ME, Picone R, Nesi G, Cocci A, Dabizzi S, Garaffa G, Fucci R, Falcone P, Bertocci F, Santi R, Criscuoli , Serni S, Carini M, Natali A

OBJECTIVE: To assess whether the “testicular pool” could be used for histological analysis and whether it gave more accurate information than the standard testicular biopsy. METHODS: Between January 2017 and March...
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Microcystic Stromal Tumor of Testicle: First Case Report and Literature Review

Zhu P, Duan Y, Ao Q, Wang G

Microcystic stromal tumor (MCST) is a rare subtype of sex cord-stromal neoplasm. Tumors from all 31 previously reported cases were located in the ovary. Herein, we present a unique case...
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Dose-dependent effects of busulfan on dog testes in preparation for spermatogonial stem cell transplantation

Hur TY, Lee SH, Ock SA, Song H, Park HJ, Lee R, Sung SH, Jhun H, Lee WY

Successful male germ cell transplantation requires depletion of the host germ cells to allow efficient colonization of the donor spermatogonial stem cells. Although a sterilizing drug, busulfan, is commonly used...
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Ultrasonography of pediatric urogenital emergencies: review of classic and new techniques

Kitami M

Urogenital emergencies are fairly common in the pediatric population, and a timely and correct diagnosis is necessary to avoid possible future infertility. In this field, ultrasonography is essential, as it...
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Mucinous Cystadenoma of the Testis: A Case Report with Immunohistochemical Findings

Kim G, Kwon D, Na HY, Kim S, Moon KC

Mucinous cystadenoma of the testis is a very rare tumor. Herein, we report a case of mucinous cystadenoma arising in the testis of a 61-year-old man, along with a literature...
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Larger Testicular Volume Is Independently Associated with Favorable Indices of Lung Function

Kim TB, Park IN

BACKGROUND: Men with chronic obstructive pulmonary disease, have reduced endogenous testosterone levels, but the relationship between pulmonary function and endogenous testosterone levels, is inconsistent. Testicular volume is a known indicator...
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