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Interpretation of Pulmonary Function Tests and Optimization of Inhalation Therapy

Lim SY, Yoon HI

Spirometry, also called office-based pulmonary function testing, is a useful tool for diagnosis and classification of lung disease. Here, we outline a simple stepwise approach for interpretation of spirometry results....
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The Effects of Simultaneous Pulmonary Rehabilitation during Thoracic Radiotherapy in the Treatment of Malignant Diseases

Choi MG, Lee HY, Song SY, Kim SS, Lee SH, Kim W, Choi CM, Lee SW

Background: Radiotherapy is a common treatment option for lung or esophageal cancer, particularly when surgery is not feasible for patients with poor lung function. However, radiotherapy can affect pulmonary function...
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Heart transplantation in a patient with complex heart lung disease: a case report

Kim SH, Kim GY, Oh JS, Lee SY

Heart disease is often accompanied by lung disease as they share the same risk factors. Heart or lung transplantation is regarded as a definitive treatment for the end-stage disease of...
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Reliability of Portable Spirometry Performed in the Korea National Health and Nutrition Examination Survey Compared to Conventional Spirometry

Park HJ, Rhee CK, Yoo KH, Park YB

Background: The Korea National Health and Nutrition Examination Survey (KNHANES) is a well-designed survey to collect national data, which many researchers have used for their studies. In KNHANES, although portable...
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Geriatric Physiology for Surgical Intensivists: Part I

Ha TS

The elderly population experiences a normal, age-related decline of physiological function in all major organ systems. The age-related changes in lung structure include decreases in chest wall compliance, respiratory muscle...
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Analysis of high predicted pulmonary function: possibility of overestimation in small elderly examinees

Chang Y, Kim HC, Jo KW, Lee JS, Oh YM, Lee SD, Lee SW

Background/Aims: Few studies have attempted to interpret unusually high predicted pulmonary function test results. This study aimed to investigate the demographic features of patients with an unusually high predicted pulmonary...
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Relationship between the Change in Body Weight or Body Mass Index and Pulmonary Function

Kim T, Woo J, Lee W, Jo S, Chun H

BACKGROUND: Obesity and deterioration of pulmonary function are known to increase all-cause mortality and morbidity associated with chronic diseases. Obesity is a known risk factor for decreasing pulmonary function; however,...
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Analytical and Clinical Performance of the Nanopia Krebs von den Lungen 6 Assay in Korean Patients With Interstitial Lung Diseases

Cho EJ, Park KJ, Ko DH, Koo HJ, Lee SM, Song JW, Lee W, Lee HK, Do KH, Chun S, Min WK

BACKGROUND: Krebs von den Lungen 6 (KL-6) is a sensitive marker for diagnosing, monitoring, and predicting the prognoses of interstitial lung diseases (ILDs). This study aimed to evaluate the performance...
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Prediction of Pulmonary Function in Patients with Chronic Obstructive Pulmonary Disease: Correlation with Quantitative CT Parameters

Koo HJ, Lee SM, Seo JB, Lee SM, Kim N, Oh SY, Lee JS, Oh YM

OBJECTIVE: We aimed to evaluate correlations between computed tomography (CT) parameters and pulmonary function test (PFT) parameters according to disease severity in patients with chronic obstructive pulmonary disease (COPD), and...
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Comparison of Multiple Chronic Obstructive Pulmonary Disease (COPD) Indices in Chinese COPD Patients

Zhang J, Miller A, Li Y, Lan Q, Zhang N, Chai Y, Hai B

BACKGROUND: Chronic obstructive pulmonary disease (COPD) is a serious chronic condition with a global impact. Symptoms of COPD include progressive dyspnea, breathlessness, cough, and sputum production, which have a considerable...
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Impact of Model-Based Iterative Reconstruction on the Correlation between Computed Tomography Quantification of a Low Lung Attenuation Area and Airway Measurements and Pulmonary Function Test Results in Normal Subjects

Kim DJ, Kim C, Shin C, Lee SK, Ko CS, Lee KY

OBJECTIVE: To compare correlations between pulmonary function test (PFT) results and different reconstruction algorithms and to suggest the optimal reconstruction protocol for computed tomography (CT) quantification of low lung attenuation...
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A cross-sectional study on the pulmonary function of residents in two urban areas with different PM10 concentrations: data from the fourth Korea national health and nutrition examination survey (KNHANES) 2007–2009

Park SW, Kim BG, Kim JW, Park JW, Kim JI

BACKGROUND: The present study aims to compare the pulmonary function of residents of Seoul special city (Seoul) and Jeju special self-governing province including Jeju city and Seogwipo city (Jeju), characterized...
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Accuracy of maximal expiratory flow-volume curve curvilinearity and fractional exhaled nitric oxide for detection of children with atopic asthma

Park SH, Im MJ, Eom SY, Hahn YS

PURPOSE: Airway pathology in children with atopic asthma can be reflected by the concave shape of the maximal expiratory flow-volume (MEFV) curve and high fractional exhaled nitric oxide (FeNO) values....
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Maximal Inspiratory Pressure and Maximal Expiratory Pressure in Healthy Korean Children

Choi WH, Shin MJ, Jang MH, Lee JS, Kim SY, Kim HY, Hong Y, Kim C, Shin YB

OBJECTIVE: To evaluate respiratory muscle strength in healthy Korean children in order to establish the criteria for normal reference values for future applications. In contrast with the other parameters for...
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Prognosis of Pulmonary Function in Patients with Multiple Rib Fractures

Park HB, Hyun SY, Kim JJ, Jang YS

PURPOSE: Rib fracture is the most common complication of blunt thoracic trauma. We investigated the effect of rib fracture on pulmonary function in the conservatively treated patients. METHODS: From January 2000...
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CT Quantification of Lungs and Airways in Normal Korean Subjects

Kim SS, Jin GY, Li YZ, Lee JE, Shin HS

OBJECTIVE: To measure and compare the quantitative parameters of the lungs and airways in Korean never-smokers and current or former smokers (“ever-smokers”). MATERIALS AND METHODS: Never-smokers (n = 119) and ever-smokers...
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Are children with asthma in South Korea also associated with vitamin D deficiency?

Kim YR, Seo SC, Yoo Y, Choung JT

Recently, epidemiologic studies have shown that the lack of serum vitamin D levels may be associated with high asthma prevalence, but its effect is still controversial, depending on season, area,...
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Comparison of Predicted Total Lung Capacity and Total Lung Capacity by Computed Tomography in Lung Transplantation Candidates

Hwang SH, Lee JG, Kim TH, Paik HC, Park CH, Haam S

PURPOSE: Lung size mismatch is a major cause of poor lung function and worse survival after lung transplantation (LTx). We compared predicted total lung capacity (pTLC) and TLC measured by...
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Effects of Three-Week Stair Climbing Exercise for Weight Control: A Case Series Study

Choi J, Kang K, Kim JS, Oh B

This study is designed to check whether everyday-life stair climbing, which is a low-cost and readily accessible form of exercise, is effective for reducing overweight of sedentary people in various...
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Factors Affecting Recovery Time of Pulmonary Function in Hospitalized Patients With Acute Asthma Exacerbations

Kim HJ, Lee J, Kim JH, Park SY, Kwon HS, Kim TB, Moon HB, Cho YS

PURPOSE: Prolonged recovery time of pulmonary function after an asthma exacerbation is a significant burden on asthmatics, and management of these patients needs to be improved. The aim of this...
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