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Type 2 Diabetes Mellitus Increases Peritonsillar Abscess Susceptibility: Real-World Evidence

Wu CL, Tsai MS, Lee TJ, Wang YT, Liu CY, Yang YH, Tsai YT, Hsu CM, Wu CY, Chang PJ, Chang GH

Objectives. Type 2 diabetes mellitus (T2DM) is a risk factor for deep neck infection (DNI) and leads to complications and poor outcomes. Our study aimed to investigate the risk, prognosis,...
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Diabetic Nephropathy – a Review of Risk Factors, Progression, Mechanism, and Dietary Management

Natesan V, Kim SJ

Type 2 diabetes mellitus (T2DM) leads to many health problems like diabetic nephropathy (DN). One of the key factors for chronic kidney disease and end-stage renal disease (ESRD) is T2DM....
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Blood-brain barrier dysfunction in ischemic stroke and diabetes: the underlying link, mechanisms and future possible therapeutic targets

Wicha P, Das S, Mahakkanukrauh P

Ischemic stroke caused by occlusion of cerebral artery is responsible for the majority of stroke that increases the morbidity and mortality worldwide. Diabetes mellitus (DM) is a crucial risk factor...
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Maternal high-fructose intake during pregnancy and lactation induces metabolic syndrome in adult offspring

Koo S, Kim M, Cho HM, Kim I

BACKGROUND/OBJECTIVES: Nutritional status and food intake during pregnancy and lactation can affect fetal programming. In the current metabolic syndrome epidemic, highfructose diets have been strongly implicated. This study investigated the...
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Prednisolone-induced diabetes mellitus without pancreatic islet pathology in a dog

Yun T, Kim H, Koo Y, Chang D, Kang BT, Yang MP

A one-year-old, intact male Maltese was referred with dehydration, anorexia, and marked hyperglycemia. The dog had been managed due to meningoencephalitis of unknown etiology (MUE) for three months. The dog...
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Clinical Impact of Dysglycemia in Patients with an Acute Myocardial Infarction

Chung JW, Park YS, Seo JE, Son Y, Oh CW, Lee CH, Nam JH, Lee JH, Son JW, Kim U, Park JS, Won KC, Shin DG

This study aimed to determine the impact of dysglycemia on myocardial injury and cardiac dysfunction in acute myocardial infarctions (AMIs). From 2005 to 2016, a total of 1,593 patients with...
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Post-stroke Hyperglycemia in Non-diabetic Ischemic Stroke is Related With Worse Functional Outcome: A Cohort Study

Yoon JA, Shin YI, Kim DY, Sohn MK, Lee J, Lee SG, Lee YS, Han EY, Joo MC, Oh GJ, Park M, Chang WH, Kim YH

Objective To investigate long-term and serial functional outcomes in ischemic stroke patients without diabetes with post-stroke hyperglycemia. Methods The Korean Stroke Cohort for Functioning and Rehabilitation (KOSCO) is a large, multi-center,...
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Perioperative anesthetic management of patients with diabetes mellitus: focused on blood glucose control

Seo H

Diabetes mellitus is the most common metabolic disease characterized by elevated blood glucose, which results in damage to the heart, blood vessels, eyes, kidney, and nervous system. The incidence of...
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MiR-542-5p Inhibits Hyperglycemia and Hyperlipoidemia by Targeting FOXO1 in the Liver

Tian F, Ying HM, Wang YY, Cheng BN, Chen J

Purpose: This research was designed to investigate how miR-542-5p regulates the progression of hyperglycemia and hyperlipoidemia. Materials and Methods: An in vivo model with diabetic db/db mice and an in vitro...
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Current status of continuous glucose monitoring among Korean children and adolescents with type 1 diabetes mellitus

Kim JH

Type 1 diabetes mellitus (T1DM) requires life-long insulin therapy because of diminished insulin-secretion capability. Glycemic control and glucose monitoring are important to prevent T1DM complications. Continuous glucose monitoring (CGM) measures...
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Hyperglycemia during Adjuvant Chemotherapy as a Prognostic Factor in Breast Cancer Patients without Diabetes

Ahn HR, Kang SY, Youn HJ, Jung SH

Purpose: Breast cancer treatments, including chemotherapy, administered in combination with glucocorticoids can induce hyperglycemia. This study aimed to investigate the effect of hyperglycemia during adjuvant chemotherapy on the prognosis of...
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A Pediatric Case of Dengue Fever with Extreme Hyperglycemia Developed in a Family Who Returned from India

Kim JY, Kim HW

Dengue fever (DF) is endemic throughout tropical and subtropical regions; however, it is not endemic in Korea. Imported infectious diseases should be suspected when encountering returned travelers with non-specific symptoms...
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Efficiency of Computerized Insulin Infusion Glucose Control in Critically Ill Patients

Lim HJ, Park CM, Gil E, Yoo K, Choi KJ, Jin SM

Purpose: Intensive IV insulin infusion therapy has been applied widely to critically ill patients. However, IV insulin protocols are complex, and require repeated calculations. The purpose of this study was...
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Chorea Hyperglycemia Basal Ganglia Syndrome in a Young Patient with Type 1 Diabetes Mellitus: a Case Report

Choi S, Rhee SY, Kim HS

Chorea hyperglycemia basal ganglia (CHBG) syndrome is an uncommon manifestation of diabetes seen in patients with poor glycemic control. It is characterized by sudden onset of chorea with characteristic hyperintensities...
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Glucose Metabolism in Pregnant Women with Normal Glucose Tolerance

Koo BK

Insulin resistance increases from conception into late pregnancy in women with normal glucose tolerance as well as women with gestational diabetes. Increasing insulin resistance during pregnancy permits adequate supply of...
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Synergistic impact of pre-diabetes and immunosuppressants on the risk of diabetes mellitus during treatment of glomerulonephritis and renal vasculitis

Lim CC, Gardner D, Ng RZ, Chin YM, Tan HZ, Mok IY, Choo JC

Background: Glomerulonephritis is often treated with kidney-saving, but potentially diabetogenic immunosuppressants such as glucocorticosteroids and calcineurin inhibitors. Unfortunately, there are little data on dysglycemia before and after diagnosis and during...
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Fasting and Postprandial Hyperglycemia: Their Predictors and Contributions to Overall Hyperglycemia in Korean Patients with Type 2 Diabetes

Moon J, Kim JY, Yoo S, Koh G

Background: This study aimed to identify factors that affect fasting hyperglycemia (FHG) and postprandial hyperglycemia (PPG) and their contributions to overall hyperglycemia in Korean patients with type 2 diabetes mellitus...
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Association between phytochemical index and metabolic syndrome

Kim M, Park K

BACKGROUND/OBJECTIVES: Although previous experimental studies reported the health benefits of foods rich in phytochemicals, few epidemiologic studies have investigated the associations between phytochemicals and metabolic disorders. This study aimed to...
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Novel Insights into the Pathogenesis and Management of the Metabolic Syndrome

Wang HH, Lee DK, Liu M, Portincasa P, Wang DQH

The metabolic syndrome, by definition, is not a disease but is a clustering of individual metabolic risk factors including abdominal obesity, hyperglycemia, hypertriglyceridemia, hypertension, and low high-density lipoprotein cholesterol levels....
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Regulatory Effects of O-GlcNAcylation in Vascular Smooth Muscle Cells on Diabetic Vasculopathy

Byon CH, Kim SW

Vascular complications from uncontrolled hyperglycemia are the leading cause of death in patients with diabetes mellitus. Previous reports have shown a strong correlation between hyperglycemia and vascular calcification, which increases...
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