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Systematic Review of the Neural Effect of Electroconvulsive Therapy in Patients with Schizophrenia: Hippocampus and Insula as the Key Regions of Modulation

Moon SY, Kim M, Lho SK, Oh S, Kim SH, Kwon JS

Objective Electroconvulsive therapy (ECT) has been the most potent treatment option for treatment-resistant schizophrenia (TRS). However, the underlying neural mechanisms of ECT in schizophrenia remain largely unclear. This paper examines...
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Paeoniflorin ameliorates neuropathic pain-induced depression-like behaviors in mice by inhibiting hippocampal neuroinflammation activated via TLR4/NF-kB pathway

Bai H, Chen S, Yuan T, Xu D, Cui S, Li X

Neuropathic pain (NP) that contributes to the comorbidity between pain and depression is a clinical dilemma. Neuroinflammatory responses are known to have potentially important roles in the initiation of NP...
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Comparison of age‐dependent alterations in thioredoxin 2 and thioredoxin reductase 2 expressions in hippocampi between mice and rats

Yoo YH, Kim DW, Chen BH, Sim H, Kim B, Lee JC, Ahn JH, Park Y, Cho JH, Kang IJ, Won MH, Lee TK

Background Aging is one of major causes triggering neurophysiological changes in many brain substructures, including the hippocampus, which has a major role in learning and memory. Thioredoxin (Trx) is a class...
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Regulation of Gut Microbiota Disrupts the Glucocorticoid Receptor Pathway and Inflammation-related Pathways in the Mouse Hippocampus

Rao X, Liu L, Wang H, Yu Y, Li W, Chai T, Zhou W, Ji P, Song J, Wei H, Xie P

An increasing number of studies have recently indicated the important effects of gut microbes on various functions of the central nervous system. However, the underlying mechanisms by which gut microbiota regulate...
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Structural Changes in the Hippocampal Subfields in Early-Onset Mild Cognitive Impairment

Moon SW, Yoo DY

  • KMID: 2513157
  • J Korean Soc Biol Ther Psychiatry.
  • 2021 Feb;27(1):67-73.
Objectives:The aim of this study was to examine the structural change in the hippocampal subfields in early-onset (EO) mild cognitive impairment (MCI) patients associated with the APOE ε4 carrier state. Methods:This...
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MicroRNAs Related to Cognitive Impairment After Hearing Loss

Mun SK, Chae H, Piao XY, Lee HJ, Kim YK, Oh SH, Chang M

Objectives. Our research group has previously demonstrated that hearing loss might be a risk factor for synaptic loss within the hippocampus and impairment of cognition using an animal model of...
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Curcumin supplementation shows modulatory influence on functional and morphological features of hippocampus in mice subjected to arsenic trioxide exposure

Mehta K, Kaur B, Pandey KK, Kaler S, Dhar P

Since, oxidative stress has been suggested as one of the mechanisms underlying arsenic-induced toxicity, the present study focused on the role of antioxidant (curcumin) supplementation on behavioral, biochemical, and morphological...
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Effect of caffeinated energy drinks on the structure of hippocampal cornu ammonis 1 and dentate gyrus of adult male albino rats

Kamar SA, Abdel Malak HW, Adel Saad S

Energy drinks are available worldwide and frequently consumed to increase energy level and compensate lack of sleep. Energy drinks consumers aim to improve their cognitive functions. Red Bull is the...
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Baicalin alleviates lipopolysaccharide-induced neuroglial activation and inflammatory factors activation in hippocampus of adult mice

Shah MA, Park DJ, Kang JB, Koh PO, Kim MO

Baicalin is a natural flavonoid that exerts a variety of pharmaceutical effects such as anti-inflammatory and antioxidant. Lipopolysaccharide (LPS) is an endotoxin that releases inflammatory cytokines and induces inflammatory response....
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Changes of fat-mass and obesity-associated protein expression in the hippocampus in animal models of high-fat diet-induced obesity and D-galactose-induced aging

Kang MS, Kim TH, Choi JH, Kim W, Jung HY, Hwang IK, Kim W, Kwon HJ, Kim DW

Fat-mass and obesity-associated protein (Fto) is highly expressed in the brain including, the hippocampus, and its expression is significantly decreased in the brain of Alzheimer’s disease patients. In the present...
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Does Episodic Memory Training Improve Episodic Memory of Older Adults with Alzheimer's Disease?

Park JH, Lee SA

To date, it is unclear whether cognitive intervention on episodic memory (EM) is effective in improving all or a subset of EM components in Alzheimer's disease (AD). Therefore, this study...
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Higher Rightward Laterality of the Hippocampal Tail and Its Association with Early Trauma in Panic Disorder

Lee J, Song Y, Won E, Bang M, Lee SH

Objective: Early trauma (ET) is widely recognized as a contributing factor to the development of panic disorder (PD) in patients. However, there is a dearth of research on the specific...
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Induction of GDNF and GFRα-1 Following AAV1-Rheb(S16H) Administration in the Hippocampus in vivo

Yun D, Jeon MT, Kim HJ, Moon GJ, Lee S, Ha CM, Shin M, Kim SR

  • KMID: 2500527
  • Exp Neurobiol.
  • 2020 Apr;29(2):164-175.
  • doi: 10.5607/en19075
The activation of neurotrophic signaling pathways following the upregulation of glial cell line-derived neurotrophic factor (GDNF), a member of the transforming growth factor-β family, has a potential neuroprotective effect in...
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Age-related Effects of Heroin on Gene Expression in the Hippocampus and Striatum of Cynomolgus Monkeys

Choi MR, Jin YB, Bang SH, Im CN, Lee Y, Kim HN, Chang KT, Lee SR, Kim DJ

Objective: The aim of this study was to investigate differentially expressed genes and their functions in the hippocampus and striatum after heroin administration in cynomolgus macaques of different ages. Methods: Cynomolgus...
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Spatiotemporal Profile and Morphological Changes of NG2 Glia in the CA1 Region of the Rat Hippocampus after Transient Forebrain Ischemia

Jin X, Riew TR, Kim S, Kim HL, Lee MY

Neuron-glial antigen-2 (NG2) glia undergo proliferation and morphological changes following brain insults. Here, we show that NG2 glia is activated in a characteristic time- and layer-specific manner in the ischemia-vulnerable...
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Distribution of Cadherin in the Parahippocampal Area of Developing Domestic Chicken Embryos

Zhou H, Wang X, Lin J, Zhao Z, Chang C

Hippocampal formation is important in spatial learning and memory. Members of the cadherin superfamily are observed in the neural system with diverse spatial and temporal expression patterns and are involved...
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MeBib Suppressed Methamphetamine Self-Administration Response via Inhibition of BDNF/ERK/CREB Signal Pathway in the Hippocampus

Kim B, Jha S, Seo JH, Jeong CH, Lee S, Lee S, Seo YH, Park B

Methamphetamine (MA) is one of the most commonly abused drugs in the world by illegal drug users. Addiction to MA is a serious public health problem and effective therapies do...
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Shape Analysis of the Subcortical Nuclei in Amyotrophic Lateral Sclerosis without Cognitive Impairment

Tae WS, Sung JH, Baek SH, Lee CN, Kim BJ

Background and Purpose: Amyotrophic lateral sclerosis (ALS) is a neurodegenerative disease that mainly affects the pyramidal motor system. However, recent studies have suggested that degeneration of the extramotor system plays...
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Spatiotemporal expression of RCAN1 and its isoform RCAN1-4 in the mouse hippocampus after pilocarpine-induced status epilepticus

Cho KO, Jeong KH, Cha JH, Kim SY

Regulator of calcineurin 1 (RCAN1) can be induced by an intracellular calcium increase and oxidative stress, which are characteristic features of temporal lobe epilepsy. Thus, we investigated the spatiotemporal expression...
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Promising Neuroimaging Biomarkers in Depression

Lai CH

The neuroimaging has been applied in the study of pathophysiology in major depressive disorder (MDD). In this review article, several kinds of methodologies of neuroimaging would be discussed to summarize...
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