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Differences in Clinical Characteristics and Surgical Outcomes of Patients with Ischemic and Hemorrhagic Pituitary Adenomas

Liu J, Huang P, Zhang X, Chen Y, Zheng X, Shen R, Tang X, Yang H, Li S

Objective : Ischemia and hemorrhage of pituitary adenomas (PA) caused important clinical syndrome. However, the differences on clinical characteristics and surgical outcomes between these two kinds apoplexy were less reported. Methods...
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Association of chloride-rich fluids and medication diluents on the incidence of hyperchloremia and clinical consequences in aneurysmal subarachnoid hemorrhage

Barlow B, Thompson Bastin ML, Shadler A, Cook AM

Background: Chloride-rich fluid administration is frequently employed in the management of aneurysmal subarachnoid hemorrhage (aSAH). However, the incidence and consequences of hyperchloremia in aSAH remain poorly defined. This study aimed...
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Prevalence and prediction of augmented renal clearance in the neurocritical care population

Cook AM, Li D, Nestor MA, Bastin MLT

Background: Augmented renal clearance (ARC; creatinine clearance [CrCl] >130 mL/min/1.73 m2) is prevalent in patients with neurological injuries and may influence their exposure to important pharmacological therapies. Little is known...
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Initial severity of aneurysmal subarachnoid hemorrhage (SAH): Trend over time

Sung SB, Kim YD, Ban SP, Lee YJ, Kwon OK

Objective: The trend in the initial severity of aneurysmal subarachnoid hemorrhage (SAH) is unclear. This study aimed to evaluate whether there was an improvement in the initial severity of SAH...
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Dexmedetomidine attenuates subarachnoid hemorrhage-induced acute lung injury through regulating autophagy and TLR/NFκB signaling pathway

Han DW, Oh JE, Lim BJ, Han Y, Song Y

Background: Acute lung injury (ALI) is the most serious complication of subarachnoid hemorrhage (SAH). We investigated role of autophagy and inflammatory signaling pathways in lung damage and therapeutic effects of...
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Transanal rectopexy for external rectal prolapse

Chivate SD, Chougule MV, Chivate RS, Thakrar PH

Purpose: The surgical management of patients with full-thickness rectal prolapse (FTRP) continues to remain a challenge in the laparoscopic era. This study retrospectively assesses a cohort of patients undergoing a...
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Recurrent bleeding after posthemorrhoidectomy caused by factor V deficiency: a case report and review of the literature

Chung JS, Kwak HD, Ju JK

Congenital factor V (FV) deficiency is a rare hemorrhagic disorder that can cause excessive bleeding during and after surgery in the affected patient. This report is the case of a...
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Calcium polystyrene sulfonate associated colonic mucosal injury—innocent bystander or pathogenic culprit?: a case report and literature review

Piwchan S, Sripariwuth E, Sitthichaiyakul P

Colonic mucosal injury is rare, but may severely fatal, complications following the administration of calcium polystyrene sulfonate resins. The incidence rate is about 0.57%, administered without sorbitol, and increases to...
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Aortoesophageal Fistula Induced by an Indwelling Nasogastric Tube: A Case Report

Lee S, Kim Y, Kim KB

A 91-year-old woman who presented with melena and hypovolemic shock visited the emergency room. She received enteral nutrition by nasogastric tube in a bedridden state due to hip surgery. Gastroscopy...
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Case Reports of Intravascular Treatment for Gastrointestinal Bleeding Associated with Pancreatitis: Hemosuccus Pancreaticus and Pancreaticocolic Fistula

Bae SJ, Lee S, Jeon YH, Yang GE, Park SJ, Lee HN, Cho Y

Elderly patients with a history of chronic alcoholism presented to our hospital with episodes of melena, abdominal pain, and anemia. During admission, hemorrhagic cystic lesion at the pancreas was observed...
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Clinical outcomes of acute upper gastrointestinal bleeding according to the risk indicated by Glasgow-Blatchford risk score-computed tomography score in the emergency room

Lee HA, Jung HK, Kim TO, Byeon JR, Jeong ES, Cho HJ, Tae CH, Moon CM, Kim SE, Shim KN, Jung SA

Background/Aims: Acute upper gastrointestinal (UGI) bleeding is a significant emergency situation with a mortality rate of 2% to 10%. Therefore, initial risk stratification is important for proper management. We aimed...
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Effect of the respiratory rate on the pulse pressure variation induced by hemorrhage in anesthetized dogs

Kim D, Son WG, Shin D, Kim J, Lee I

Background: Studies on anesthetized dogs regarding pulse pressure variation (PPV) are increasing. The influence of respiratory rate (RR) on PPV, in mechanically ventilated dogs, has not been clearly identified. Objectives: This...
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Supraorbital Endoscopic Evacuation for Traumatic Intracerebral Hematomas in the Frontal Lobe

Oh HJ, Hwang SC

Objective : Traumatic intracranial hematomas have been rarely evacuated by endoscopic surgery. The frontal lobe is the usual location for the traumatic intracerebral hematoma (TICH). Endoscopic evacuation for the frontal...
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CADASIL with Intracerebral Hemorrhage after Acute Ischemic Stroke

Kim TY, Koo BG, Han MG, Shin DJ

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Contralateral Cortical Subarachnoid Hemorrhage as a Manifestation of Hyperperfusion Syndrome after Carotid Artery Stenting

Kim SM, Kang S, Shin DH, Ahn SH

Cerebral hyperperfusion syndrome is a rare but serious complication of carotid revascularization, and characterized by ipsilateral headache, hypertension, seizures, and focal neurological deficits. Therefore, treatment strategies are directed towards regulation...
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Frey’s Procedure for Chronic Pancreatitis in an Adolescent with Recurrent Upper Gastrointestinal Bleeding: A Case Report

Nugroho A, Widodo AD, Jamtani I, Rachmawati AD

Chronic fibroinflammatory pancreatitis causes irreparable damage to the pancreatic parenchyma. This frequently results in food restrictions, painkiller addiction, and serious quality of life impairment in children. We observed a 13-year-old...
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Postpartum Hemorrhage

Lee SJ, Kang YD

Postpartum hemorrhage (PPH) is a major cause of maternal morbidity and mortality. The most common cause of maternal death in Korea is complications related to the postpartum period (obstetric embolism),...
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Machine Learning Model for the Prediction of Hemorrhage in Intensive Care Units

Kang S, Park C, Lee J, Yoon D

Objectives: Early hemorrhage detection in intensive care units (ICUs) enables timely intervention and reduces the risk of irreversible outcomes. In this study, we aimed to develop a machine learning model...
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Interventional management for postoperative arterial bleeding in gastrointestinal surgery

Sato Y, Matsueda K, Osawa M, Inaba Y, Takahashi Y, Inoue Y, Oba A, Fukunaga Y, Shimizu Y

Postoperative arterial bleeding after gastrointestinal surgery is a potentially fatal complication. Transcatheter arterial embolization is considered the first-line treatment because of efficacy and less invasiveness despite the risk of organ...
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Does the COVID-19 Screening Test Affect the Postoperative Prognosis of Patients Who Undergo Emergency Surgery for Cerebral Hemorrhage?

Lee CH, Kim YH, Oh BK, Lee CH, Kim CH, Sung SK, Lee SW, Song GS

Objective The coronavirus disease 2019 (COVID-19) pandemic has affected all medical fields, including neurosurgery. Particularly, performing preoperative screening tests has become mandatory, potentially extending the time from admission to the emergency...
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