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Sedentarism, A Modifiable Risk Factor for Developing Chronic Kidney Disease in Healthy People

Concha AT, Mendoza FAR

Background: Chronic kidney disease (CKD) is a consequence of the interaction of many pathophysiological processes, manifested by a decrease in the glomerular filtration rate (GFR) and abnormal kidney function. Sedentary...
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Seroprevalence of viral infectious diseases and associated factors in Korean patients with inflammatory bowel diseases

Hong HS, Jung J, Park SH, Kim HJ, Hwang SW, Yang DH, Byeon JS, Myung SJ, Yang SK, Ye BD

Background/Aims: Data on the immunoprotective status against measles, mumps, rubella, varicella zoster virus (VZV), hepatitis A virus (HAV), and Epstein-Barr virus (EBV) infection in patients with inflammatory bowel disease (IBD)...
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Measles susceptibility of marriage migrant women in Korea

Kim S, Kim SA, Hong H, Choi SR, Na HY, Shin SU, Park KH, Jung SI, Shin MH, Kweon SS, Kang SJ

International migrants could be considered a risk group susceptible to vaccine-preventable diseases. We conducted a measles seroprevalence study among 419 marriage migrant women living in Sinan-gun and Wando-gun, South Jeolla...
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Epidemiological and Clinical Characteristics of Hospitalized Patients with Community Acquired Coronavirus Disease 2019 Infection According to Severity Classification

Jang DS, Yun HS, Lee SH

Background: In December 2019, coronavirus disease 2019 (COVID-19) emerged in Wuhan, China and, thereafter, rapidly spread worldwide, including South Korea. The spread of COVID-19 is still ongoing throughout the country,...
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Hepatitis A Outbreak in a Facility for the Disabled, Gyeonggi Province, Korea: An Epidemiological Investigation

Chang Y, Kim C, Kim N, Kim JJ, Lee H

Objectives: The number of cases of hepatitis A virus (HAV) infections has sharply increased in Korea, especially among young adults. In this study, an HAV outbreak in a facility for...
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Cervical Cancer in Women with Normal Papanicolaou Tests: A Korean Nationwide Cohort Study

Kim M, Kim H, Suh DH, Kim YB

Purpose This study aimed to evaluate the risk of cervical cancer diagnosed within 1 year after the last of multiple consecutive normal Papanicolau (Pap) tests. Materials and Methods The database of...
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Epidemiology of trigeminal neuralgia: an electronic population health data study in Korea

Lee CH, Jang HY, Won HS, Kim JS, Kim YD

Background: Trigeminal neuralgia (TN) is one of the most painful disorder in the orofacial region, and many patients have suffered from this disease. For the effective management of TN, fundamental...
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A Korean nationwide investigation of the national trend of complex regional pain syndrome vis-à-vis age-structural transformations

Lee JH, Park S, Kim JH

Background: The present study employed National Health Insurance Data to explore complex regional pain syndrome (CRPS) updated epidemiology in a Korean context. Methods: A CRPS cohort for the period 2009-2016 was...
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Chocolate consumption and the prevalence of metabolic syndrome in the Korean adult population: an analysis based on the 2014-2016 Korea National Health and Nutrition Examination Survey

Kim N, Jeon MS

BACKGROUND/OBJECTIVES: Recent studies have reported chocolate consumption has beneficial effects on blood pressure, obesity, and dyslipidemia, which are components of metabolic syndrome (MetS). However, evidence regarding these relationships in Asia...
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The BRAIN-Q, a tool for assessing self-reported sport-related concussions for epidemiological studies

James L, Davies M, Mian S, Seghezzo G, Williamson E, Kemp S, Arden N, McElvenny D, Pearce N, Gallo V

OBJECTIVES: The BRAIN-Q is a tool aimed at maximising the accuracy and minimising measurement error for retrospectively assessing concussions. This paper reports the agreement of the BRAIN-Q tool when compared...
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Bacillus of Calmette and Guérin (BCG) and the risk of leprosy in Ciudad del Este, Paraguay, 2016-2017

Cuevas NC, Cardenas VM

OBJECTIVES: Paraguay has experienced a 35% reduction in the detected incidence of leprosy during the last ten years, as the vaccination coverage against tuberculosis (Bacillus of Calmette and Guérin [BCG]...
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Effects of Systemic Glucocorticoid Use on Fracture Risk: A Population-Based Study

Koh JW, Kim J, Cho H, Ha YC, Kim TY, Lee YK, Kim HY, Jang S

Background: Long-term glucocorticoid use increases fracture risk by reducing bone mass. This study evaluated the relationship between hip and vertebral fractures and the total amount of systematic glucocorticoid use. Methods: We...
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Pulmonary Surfactant Replacement Therapy for Respiratory Distress Syndrome in Neonates: a Nationwide Epidemiological Study in Korea

Shin JE, Yoon SJ, Lim J, Han J, Eun HS, Park MS, Park KI, Lee SM

Background: Pulmonary surfactant (PS) replacement therapy, as a safe and effective treatment for respiratory distress syndrome (RDS) may have further increased with the extended insurance coverage since 2011 in Korea....
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Recent Seroprevalence of Anti-hepatitis A IgG in the Korean Population: a Large, Population-based Study

Choi R, Park MJ, Lee SG, Lee EH

Background: Because there is limited recent information on this topic, this study investigated the seroprevalence of anti-hepatitis A virus (HAV) immunoglobulin G (IgG) in the South Korean population in 2015–2017. Methods:...
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Epidemiology and regional differences of acute poisonings of eight cities in Gyeonggi-do province in Korea using data from the National Emergency Department Information System of Korea

Ham S, Min YG, Chae MK, Kim HH

Objective We aimed to analyze the differences in epidemiological aspects and clinical courses of acute poisonings in each region of the Gyeonggi-do province in Korea. Methods This retrospective study analyzed data...
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Seroprevalence of mumps in healthcare workers in South Korea

Kim SK, Jung J, Kwak SH, Hong MJ, Kim SH

Mumps is contagious disease and maintaining immunity to mumps in healthcare worker (HCW) is important for preventing transmission in the hospital. We evaluated the seroprevalence of mumps in HCWs in...
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Rheumatoid arthritis is associated with early tooth loss: results from Korea National Health and Nutrition Examination Survey V to VI

Kim JW, Park JB, Yim HW, Lee J, Kwok SK, Ju JH, Kim WU, Park SH

BACKGROUND/AIMS: To examine the association between rheumatoid arthritis (RA) and periodontitis or tooth loss. METHODS: The study used data from the fifth and sixth Korea National Health and Nutrition Examination Surveys...
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Seropositive rate of the anti-hepatitis A immunoglobulin G antibody in maintenance hemodialysis subjects from two hospitals in Korea

Kim H, Ryu J, Lee YK, Choi MJ, Cho A, Koo JR, Baik SY, Lee EH, Yoon JW, Noh JW

BACKGROUND/AIMS: Hepatitis A virus (HAV) is a self-limiting infectious disease, but 1% of subjects develop fulminant hepatitis. The prevalence of the anti-HAV immunoglobulin G (IgG) antibody in hemodialysis subjects in...
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Occupational Risk Factors for Prostate Cancer: A Meta-analysis

Krstev S, Knutsson A

Prostate cancer is the second most common cancer in men worldwide. There are many occupational factors that have been suggested to cause prostate cancer. Our aim was to evaluate the...
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Dietary inflammatory index and risk of gynecological cancers: a systematic review and meta-analysis of observational studies

Liu ZY, Gao XP, Zhu S, Liu YH, Wang LJ, Jing CX, Zeng FF

OBJECTIVE: There has been growing body of literatures showing that chronic inflammation might play an important role in cancer development. This meta-analysis aimed to assess the association between the dietary...
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