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Clostridioides difficile Infection Is Associated with Adverse Outcomes among Hospitalized Pediatric Patients with Acute Pancreatitis

Thavamani A, Umapathi KK, Khatana J, Sankararaman S

Purpose: Studies in adults have shown an increasing incidence of Clostridioides difficile infection (CDI) in patients hospitalized with acute pancreatitis (AP). There is lack of epidemiological data on CDI and...
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Juvenile Polyps in Bangladeshi Children and Their Association with Fecal Calprotectin as a Biomarker

Rani Das S, Karim ASMB, RukonUzzaman M, Mazumder MW, Alam R, Benzamin M, Marjan P, Sarker MN, Akther H, Mondal M

Purpose: Colonoscopy is considered the most reliable method for the diagnosis of juvenile polyps. However, colonoscopic screening is an invasive and expensive procedure. Fecal calprotectin (FCP), a marker of intestinal...
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Delayed Analysis of Hydrogen-Methane Breath Samples

Willemsen M, Maele KVD, Vandenplas Y

Purpose: Hydrogen-methane breath tests are used to diagnose carbohydrate malabsorption and small intestinal bacterial overgrowth. The COVID-19 pandemic has driven the modification of procedures as breath tests are potentially aerosol-generating...
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Role of Glucose Breath Test for Small Intestinal Bacterial Overgrowth in Children and Adolescents With Functional Abdominal Pain Disorders in Korea

Lee J, Paik CN, Kim DB, Lee JM, Kim YJ, Choi SK, Cho YJ

  • KMID: 2523786
  • J Neurogastroenterol Motil.
  • 2022 Jan;28(1):78-85.
  • doi: 10.5056/jnm20231
Background/Aims Small intestinal bacterial overgrowth (SIBO) is expected in children and adolescents with functional abdominal pain disorders (FAPDs). This study is conducted to estimate the prevalence of SIBO and to investigate...
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Analysis of Critical COVID-19 Cases Among Children in Korea

Lee H, Choi S, Park JY, Jo DS, Choi UY, Lee H, Jung YT, Chung IH, Choe YJ, Kim JY, Park YJ, Choi EH

Background: Coronavirus disease 2019 (COVID-19) is generally asymptomatic or mild in otherwise healthy children, however, severe cases may occur. In this study, we report the clinical characteristics of children classified...
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Association between Fecal Calprotectin and Mucosal Healing in Pediatric Patients with Crohn’s Disease Who Have Achieved Sustained Clinical Remission with Anti-Tumor Necrosis Factor Agents

Lee YM, Choi S, Choe BH, Jang HJ, Kim S, Koh H, Kim ES, Kim MJ, Choe YH, Kang B

Background/Aims: Although mucosal healing (MH) is acknowledged as the treatment target in the treat-to-target era, there are limitations on repeated endoscopic examinations, especially in pediatric patients. We aimed to investigate...
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Global relationship between parent and child obesity: a systematic review and meta-analysis

Lee JS, Jin MH, Lee HJ

Background: The growing prevalence of overweight and/or obese children is an important public health problem in both developed and developing countries. Although the association of obesity between parents and their...
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Children’s Hepatic Tumors International Collaboration-Hepatoblastoma Stratification (CHIC-HS) System for Pediatric Patients with Hepatoblastoma: A Retrospective, Hospital-Based Cohort Study in South Korea

Kim PH, Shin HJ, Yoon HM, Choi YH, Namgoong JM, Kim DY, Koh KN, Lee MJ, Yoon H, Lyu CJ, Han JW, Hahn SM, Cho YA

Purpose In 2017, the Children’s Hepatic Tumors International Collaboration-Hepatoblastoma Stratification (CHIC-HS) system was introduced. We aimed to evaluate the accuracy of CHIC-HS System for the prediction of event-free survival (EFS)...
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The effects of a maternal nursing competency reinforcement program on nursing students’ problem-solving ability, emotional intelligence, self-directed learning ability, and maternal nursing performance in Korea: a randomized controlled trial

Kim SH, Lee BG

Purpose: The purpose of this study was to develop a maternal nursing competency reinforcement program for nursing students and assess the program’s effectiveness in Korea. Methods: The maternal nursing competency...
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‘Outspoken’ Oral Hygienists Promote Oral Health Care Awareness at Public Events for (Pregnant) Women and Young Mothers

Buunk-Werkhoven YA, Gortzak JJ, Sjoerts JJ, Frederiks A

Background: The aim of these two (pre COVID-19 pandemic) public health studies in Amsterdam were to promote the profession of the oral hygienist and to increase oral health care awareness among...
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Efficacy and adverse events related to the initial dose of methimazole in children and adolescents with Graves’ disease

Lee HG, Yang EM, Kim CJ

Purpose: The first-line antithyroid drug for children and adolescents with Graves’ disease (GD) is methimazole (MMI). This study evaluated the relationship between the initial MMI dose and the clinical course...
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Exclusive Breastfeeding Practice in Indonesia: A Population-Based Study

Gayatri M

Background: It is a well-known fact that exclusive breastfeeding benefits both mothers and their babies. The aim of this study is to assess the associated factors influencing exclusive breastfeeding of...
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Laparoscopic management of giant hepatic hydatid cyst in a 12-year-old boy: a case report

Bairwa Bl, Singh AK, Gupta S

Hydatid disease is a zoonosis caused by a parasite, Echinococcus granulosus, characterized by a cystic lesion in the liver, lung, or (rarely) in other parts of the body. Typical radiological...
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Acute Impact of the Coronavirus Disease Outbreak on Behavioral Patterns and Emotional States of Pediatric Psychiatric Patients and Caregivers in Daegu, South Korea

Seo HR, Jung HS, Jung DS, Choi JW, Jo SH

Objective This study aimed to investigate the changes in interpersonal relationships, behavioral patterns, and emotional states of children and adolescents with psychiatric disorders and their caregivers immediately after the coronavirus...
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A Latent Profile Analysis of Problematic Media Device Use and Its Association With Executive Function and Behavioral Problem Among Children: A Population-Based Study

Oh Y, Kim Y, Joung YS

Objective Despite the rapid increase in problematic media device use, relatively little is known about specific characteristics and extent of problematic media device and how they relate to different psychological...
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Immunogloboulin E-Mediated Food Sensitization in Children with Celiac Disease: A Single-Center Experience

Cudowska B, Lebensztejn DM

Purpose Celiac disease (CD) is an autoimmune disorder of the small intestine caused by an abnormal immune response to gluten proteins and is often characterized by gastrointestinal symptoms. Food allergy (FA)...
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The Relationship between Daily Fructose Consumption and Oxidized Low-Density Lipoprotein and LowDensity Lipoprotein Particle Size in Children with Obesity

Gungor A, Balamtekin N, Ozkececi CF, Aydin H

Purpose Obesity has become a very significant health problem in childhood. Fructose taken in an uncontrolled manner and consumed in excessive amounts is rapidly metabolized in the body and gets converted...
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Differences in Nutrient Intake with Homemade versus Chef-Prepared Specific Carbohydrate Diet Therapy in Inflammatory Bowel Disease: Insights into Dietary Research

Morrison A, Braly K, Singh N, Suskind DL, Lee D

Purpose: The aim of this study was to evaluate the nutrient content consumed by children and adolescents on home-prepared versus chef-prepared specific carbohydrate diets (SCD) as therapy for inflammatory bowel...
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The Effect of the Physical Factors of Parents and Children on Stunting at Birth Among Newborns in Indonesia

Sari K, Sartika RAD

Objectives: This study examined stunting at birth and its associations with physical factors of parents and children in Indonesia. Methods: This study analyzed secondary data from the national cross-sectional Indonesian Basic...
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Recent Changes in the Treatment of Helicobacter pylori Infection in Children and Adolescents

Seo JH, Park JS, Youn HS

Treatments aimed at eradicating Helicobacter pylori (H. pylori) infections in children and adolescents should be clearly beneficial. According to the updated guidelines, a 14-day triple therapy or bismuth-based triple therapy...
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