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Leg and arm adiposity is inversely associated with diastolic hypertension in young and middle-aged United States adults

Visaria A, Lo D, Maniar P, Dave B, Joshi P

Background: We sought to determine the association between appendicular adiposity and hypertension, with the purpose of better understanding the role of body fat distribution on blood pressure (BP). Methods: We included...
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Birth Weight Predicts Anthropometric and Body Composition Assessment Results in Adults: A Population-Based Cross-Sectional Study

Salmi IA, Hannawi S

Background: A poor intrauterine environment is associated with increased risks of hypertension, chronic kidney disease, and/or diabetes. This study evaluated relationships between birth weight and body habitus in a representative...
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Maternal Hyperglycemia during Pregnancy Increases Adiposity of Offspring

Chung HR, Moon JH, Lim JS, Lee YA, Shin CH, Hong JS, Kwak SH, Choi SH, Jang HC

Background: The effect of intrauterine hyperglycemia on fat mass and regional fat proportion of the offspring of mothers with gestational diabetes mellitus (OGDM) remains to be determined. Methods: The body composition...
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Evaluation of body composition using computed tomography in patients with anti-neutrophil cytoplasmic antibody-associated vasculitis

Ahn SS, Yoo BW, Kwon HC, Yoo J, Jung SM, Song JJ, Park YB, Lee SW

Background/Aims: Measures of body composition, including visceral adipose tissue (VAT), subcutaneous adipose tissue (SAT), and skeletal muscle area (SMA), are considered important prognostic factors in chronic diseases. The association of...
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Cross-Calibration of Bone Mineral Densities and Body Composition between GE Lunar Prodigy and Osteosys Primus

Ha YC, Yoo JI

Background: The aim of this study was to investigate the correlation between bone mineral density (BMD) and body composition measured by the Osteosys Primus® and the GE Lunar Prodigy® and...
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Effect of Antioxidant Improvement Program with Health Contract on Antioxidant Indicators and Body Composition in Female College Students

Kang SY, Chae YR

Purpose: This study targeted female university students in their 20s and created an antioxidant improvement program with a health contract, one of the behavioral modification therapies, based on King’s (1981)...
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Impact of Visceral Fat Area Measured by Bioelectrical Impedance Analysis on Clinico-Pathologic Outcomes of Colorectal Surgery

Kim KE, Song WJ, Seok M, Bae SU, Jeong WK, Baek SK

Purpose: This study investigated the relationship between the visceral fat area (VFA) and clinico-pathological outcomes in patients with colorectal cancer (CRC). Methods: This retrospective study included 204 patients who underwent anthropometric...
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The Effects of a 7000-Step Goal and Weekly Group Walking Program for Overweight and Obese Elderly People in Sarawak, Malaysia: A Quasi-experimental Study

Saad MF, Cheah WL, Hazmi H

Objectives: Physical inactivity is the fourth leading global risk factor for mortality, followed by obesity. The combination of these risk factors is associated with non-communicable diseases, impaired physical function, and...
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Sex Differences in Obstructive Sleep Apnea by Bioelectrical Impedance Analysis

Kim JR, Song P, Joo EY

Background and Purpose Obesity is known of one of the risk factors for obstructive sleep apnea (OSA). Although body mass index (BMI) can be an indicator for obesity, it does...
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Age- and Sex-Related Differential Associations between Body Composition and Diabetes Mellitus

Roh E, Hwang SY, Kim JA, Lee YB, Hong Sh, Kim NH, Seo JA, Kim SG, Kim NH, Choi KM, Baik SH, Yoo HJ

Background The age- and sex-related differences on the impacts of body composition on diabetes mellitus (DM) remain uncertain. Methods The fourth and fifth Korea National Health and Nutrition Examination Survey included 15,586 subjects...
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Effect of Cross-Sex Hormones on Body Composition, Bone Mineral Density, and Muscle Strength in Trans Women

Yun Y, Kim D, Lee ES

Background: Cross-sex hormone therapy (CHT) changes the physical characteristics of transgender women to match their gender identity and expression. This study aimed to determine the effects of feminizing cross-sex hormones...
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Development and validation of prediction equations for the assessment of muscle or fat mass using anthropometric measurements, serum creatinine level, and lifestyle factors among Korean adults

Lee G, Chang J, Hwang Ss, Son JS, Park SM

BACKGROUND/OBJECTIVES: The measurement of body composition, including muscle and fat mass, remains challenging in large epidemiological studies due to time constraint and cost when using accurate modalities. Therefore, this study...
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Prevalence and determinants of sarcopenia in Indian patients with chronic kidney disease stage 3 & 4

Dubey AK, Sahoo J, Vairappan B, Parameswaran S, PS P

Objectives There is limited literature on the prevalence and determinants of sarcopenia in the Indian predialysis chronic kidney disease (CKD) population. The current study attempts to characterize sarcopenia in CKD stages...
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An association between the physical activity level and skeletal muscle mass index in female university students with a past exercise habituation

Oshita K, Myotsuzono R

Objectives This study aims to investigate the association between skeletal muscle mass index (SMI) and physical activity among female university students who had exercise habituation in junior and high school. Methods The body...
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Effects of Contrast Phases on Automated Measurements of Muscle Quantity and Quality Using CT

Kim DW, Kim KW, Ko Y, Park T, Lee J, Lee JB, Ha J, Ahn H, Sung YS, Kim HK

Objective: Muscle quantity and quality can be measured with an automated system on CT. However, the effects of contrast phases on the muscle measurements have not been established, which we...
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Musclin Is Related to Insulin Resistance and Body Composition, but Not to Body Mass Index or Cardiorespiratory Capacity in Adults

Sánchez YL, Yepes-Calderón M, Valbuena L, Milán AF, Trillos-Almanza MC, Granados S, Peña M, Estrada-Castrillón M, Aristizábal JC, Narvez-Sanchez R, Gallo-Villegas J, Calderón JC

Background: We studied whether musclin function in humans is related to glycemic control, body composition, and cardiorespiratory capacity. Methods: A cross-sectional study was performed in sedentary adults with or without metabolic...
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Effects of 6 Months of Dapagliflozin Treatment on Metabolic Profile and Endothelial Cell Dysfunction for Obese Type 2 Diabetes Mellitus Patients without Atherosclerotic Cardiovascular Disease

Hong JY, Park KY, Kim JD, Hwang WM, Lim DM

Background: Sodium-glucose cotransporter 2 inhibitors reduce the risk of cardiovascular death in individuals with type 2 diabetes mellitus (T2DM) and cardiovascular disease, but the effect of these inhibitors on early...
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The Relationship between Autonomic Regulation of Cardiovascular Function and Body Composition

Smoljo T, Stanić I, Sila S, Kovačić U, Crnošija L, Junaković A, Adamec I, Hojsak I, Skorić MK, Habek M

Background: We investigated whether the results of autonomic function tests correlate with body composition and shape in healthy young people. Methods: We conducted cardiovascular reflex tests (heart rate [HR] and blood...
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Effects of Soy Foods in Postmenopausal Women: A Focus on Osteosarcopenia and Obesity

Tang S, Du Y, Oh C, No J

Chronic diseases in postmenopausal women are caused by rapid changes in hormones and are accompanied by rapid changes in body composition (muscle, bone, and fat). In an aging society, the...
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Body fat composition and miR-378 expression profiling in patients with type 1 diabetes

Duarte L, García-Díaz DF, Pérez-Bravo F

Purpose: Type 1 diabetes (T1D) is an autoimmune disease that involves genetic, epigenetic, and environmental factors. Change in body composition is a potential mechanism for explaining the increased incidence of...
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