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Prevalence and characteristics of vagus nerve variations on neck ultrasonography

Ahn D, Lee GJ, Sohn JH, Kim JK

Purpose: We aimed to evaluate the true prevalence and characteristics of vagus nerve (VN) variations using the carotid artery (CA) and the internal jugular vein (C-I axis). Methods: We examined patients...
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Effect of Long-Term Treatment with Vagus Nerve Stimulation on Mood and Quality of Life in Korean Patients with Drug-Resistant Epilepsy

Kim JS, Kim DY, Jo HJ, Hwang YH, Song JY, Yang KI, Hong SB

Background and Purpose This study aimed to determine the long-term effects of vagus nerve stimulation (VNS) treatment on suicidality, mood-related symptoms, and quality of life (QOL) in patients with drug-resistant...
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A Case Report of Acute Laryngitis with Auricular Lesion: Herpes Zoster Infection with Isolated Vagus Nerve Involvement and Vocal Fold Paresis

Shin JW, Kim SW, Park SW, Kim BH

Acute laryngitis and acute inflammatory diseases of either infectious or non-infectious causes have similarities with herpes zoster of the vagus nerve (VHZ). We present a case which was initially diagnosis...
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The Optimal Pyloric Procedure: A Collective Review

Kim D

Vagal damage and subsequent pyloric denervation inevitably occur during esophagectomy,potentially leading to delayed gastric emptying (DGE). The choice of an optimal pyloricprocedure to overcome DGE is important, as such procedures...
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Concomitant Injury of Vagus and Hypoglossal Nerves Caused by Fracture of Skull Base: A Case Report and Literature Review

Lee S, Oh JS, Kim DE, Kim Y

Injury of lower cranial nerves (CNs) by skull base fracture after head trauma can occur sometimes. However, selectively different CN damage on either side is extremely rare. A 53-year-old man had...
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Improvement of Dysphagia in Traumatic Neurovascular Compression: A Case Report and Collective Review

Kim YK, Lee YJ, Jo YS, Cha JH

Dysphagia is a relatively rare symptom of neurovascular compression of the lower cranial nerve (CN). Many case reviews of neurovascular compression required surgical treatment to improve the neurological symptoms. This...
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Treatment Outcomes of Vagus Nerve Stimulation in Lennox-Gastaut Syndrome

Kang BS, Woo YS, Lee J, Yi YY, Koo BS, Kang JW

PURPOSE: Lennox-Gastaut syndrome (LGS) is one of the most severe epileptic encephalopathies and frequently patients with this syndrome respond poorly to antiepileptic drugs. The aim of this study was to...
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Treatment Outcomes of Vagus Nerve Stimulation in Lennox-Gastaut Syndrome

Kang BS, Woo YS, Lee J, Yi YY, Koo BS, Kang JW

PURPOSE: Lennox-Gastaut syndrome (LGS) is one of the most severe epileptic encephalopathies and frequently patients with this syndrome respond poorly to antiepileptic drugs. The aim of this study was to...
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Neuroimmune interactions and kidney disease

Hasegawa S, Inoue T, Inagi R

The autonomic nervous system plays critical roles in maintaining homeostasis in humans, directly regulating inflammation by altering the activity of the immune system. The cholinergic anti-inflammatory pathway is a well-studied...
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Vagal Transient Receptor Potential Ankyrin 1 Mediates Stress-exacerbated Visceral Mechanonociception After Antral Cold Exposure

Chen X, Luo Q, Yan X, Li W, Chen S

  • KMID: 2454643
  • J Neurogastroenterol Motil.
  • 2019 Jul;25(3):442-460.
  • doi: 10.5056/jnm19014
BACKGROUND/AIMS: Abdominal pain can be evoked or exacerbated after gastrointestinal cold stimulation in some patients with diarrhea-predominant irritable bowel syndrome (IBS-D), indicating a low temperature-induced sensitization of visceral perception. We...
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Vagal Paraganglioma: Surgical Removal with Superior Laryngeal Nerve Preservation

Kotsis T, Christoforou P

Vagal paragangliomas (VPGLs) represent 70% of humans, providing motor fibers to the larynx. The patient recovered uneventfully and was discharged on the 3rd postoperative day. These tumors are therapeutically challenging...
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Intraoperative Vagal Nerve Stimulation in a Patient with Long QT Syndrome during Thyroidectomy

Kritikos G, Christoforides C, Moutafis D, Papandrikos I, Arambatzi , Misichronis G, Koureas A, Dionigi G, Vamvakidis K

Intraoperative neural monitoring (IONM) of the recurrent laryngeal nerve is a useful tool during thyroidectomies for the safe accomplishment of the operation. The latest guidelines suggest that stimulation of vagus...
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The Present and Future of Vagus Nerve Stimulation

Yang J, Phi JH

Epilepsy is one of the major chronic neurological diseases affecting many patients. Resection surgery is the most effective therapy for medically intractable epilepsy, but it is not feasible in all...
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Intraoperative Neurophysiologic Testing of the Perigastric Vagus Nerve Branches to Evaluate Viability and Signals along Nerve Pathways during Gastrectomy

Kong SH, Kim SM, Kim DG, Park KH, Suh YS, Kim TH, Kim IJ, Seo JH, Lim YJ, Lee HJ, Yang HK

PURPOSE: The perigastric vagus nerve may play an important role in preserving function after gastrectomy, and intraoperative neurophysiologic tests might represent a feasible method of evaluating the vagus nerve. The...
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Changes in Gastrointestinal Physiology in Obese Patients

Yun SH, Park JK, Shin JE, Diet, Obesity, and Metabolism Research Group of Korean Society of Neurogastroenterology and Motility

Obesity is a prevalent disease with significant morbidity and mortality. It is a state of chronic low-grade inflammation due to excess body fat. Weight homeostasis is maintained through changes in...
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Varicella Zoster Virus Infection of the Pharynx and Larynx without Vocal Cord Palsy

Kim MR, Shim HK

Varicella zoster virus (VZV) infection in the head and neck may manifest as various clinical symptoms and signs which depend on the combination of involved multiple cranial nerves. Involvements of...
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Left Side Otalgia Caused by Acute Myocardial Infarction

Chung J, Park JS, Choi JW

Otalgia consists of primary otalgia associated with disorders of the ear itself and referred otalgia due to disorders of organs that share the same innervation with the ear. Disorders of...
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High-resolution Imaging of Neural Anatomy and Pathology of the Neck

Lee JH, Cheng KL, Choi YJ, Baek JH

The neck has intricately connected neural structures, including cervical and brachial plexi, the sympathetic system, lower cranial nerves, and their branches. Except for brachial plexus, there has been little research...
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A Case of Solitary Neurofibroma Arising from Cervical Vagus Nerve in Pregnant Woman

Kim RH, Lee SH, Yu SI, Cho JH

Neurofibromas are benign tumors of the peripheral nerve sheath, which occur as either a solitary mass or multiple tumors in association with neurofibromatosis. Solitary vagal neurofibroma in the cervical region...
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Early Parasympathetic Reinnervation Is Not Related to Reconnection of Major Branches of the Vagus Nerve after Heart Transplantation

Lee SR, Kang DY, Cho Y, Cho HJ, Lee HY, Choi EK, Oh S

BACKGROUND AND OBJECTIVES: Bicaval heart transplantation (HTx) may promote parasympathetic reinnervation. However, the prevalence and timing of reinnervation have not been fully investigated. Heart rate variability (HRV) and direct vagal...
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