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Transvaginal Direct Puncture and Ethanol Sclerotherapy for Cervicovaginal Venous Malformations: A Case Report and Literature Review

Jeong GS, Bae SH, Do YS, Lee HN, Lee SJ

Cervicovaginal venous malformations are extremely rare. Sclerotherapy is proven to be effective for superficial venous malformations but not for venous malformations in the lower genital tract of female. A 52-year-old...
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Estrogen modulates epithelial progenitor cells in rat vagina

Chung HS, Lee HS, Park K

Purpose: The expression of epithelial progenitor cells (EPCs) in rat vagina was recently reported. The aims were to investigate the effects of estrogen on vaginal EPCs in the oophorectomized female...
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Dynamics of bacterial communities in vaginas and feces between pre and postpartum of dairy cows

Son JK, Kim DH, Lee J, Kim SB, Park BY, Kim M, Lee S, Hur TY, Kim ET

The reproductive tracts have an intimate relationship with reproduction because there are bacterial communities that can affect reproductive health. The differences in the bacterial community of periparturient dairy cows were...
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XCM Biologic Tissue Matrix xenograft and autologous micromucosa graft for vaginal reconstruction in Mayer-Rokitansky-Küster-Hauser syndrome

Gomes TG, Agostinho M, Cardoso MC, Costa JNd, Matias J

Mayer-Rokitansky-Küster-Hauser (MRKH) syndrome can be treated through numerous surgical and nonsurgical methods. We present a surgical technique in which a neovagina was reconstructed and shaped by a vaginal expander with...
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Pregnancy and Abnormal Vaginal Flora

Oh Sy

There is no doubt that ascending infection originated from vagina is the main route of intra-amniotic infection (or inflammation), which account for 40-50% of preterm birth. Abnormal vaginal flora can...
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Congenital uterovaginal abnormalities, it’s embryogenesis, surgical management and clinical implications

Paul KG, Kosuri KC, Bayad H

Objective Congenital Mullerian duct malformations are a challenging group of conditions for surgeons and need surgical experience and skill. Accordingly, the aim of this study is to present the diagnosis,...
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Anorectal malformation with didelphys uterus: Extremely rare anomaly and successful neoanal sphincter reconstruction with gracilis muscle flap

Burusapat , Hongkarnjanakul N, Wanichjaroen N, Panitwong , Sangkaewsuntisuk J, Boonya-ussadorn C

Anorectal malformation or imperforate anus is a congenital anomaly of rectum and anus. Mullerian duct anomalies are abnormal development of uterus, cervix, and vagina. Imperforate anus with double uterus is...
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Reconstruction of a completely obstructed rectosigmoid vaginal introitus in a transgender woman

Lee TH, Yoon JS, Ahn HC

Rectosigmoid vaginoplasty is a frequently used surgical method in male-to-female sex reassignment surgery. However, severe side effects, such as sepsis, may occur owing to stricture, mucorrhea, and rectovaginal fistula. Herein,...
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Outcomes of surgical treatments for rectovaginal fistula and prognostic factors for successful closure: a single-center tertiary hospital experiences

Ryoo SB, Oh HK, Ha HK, Han EC, Kwon YH, Song I, Moon SH, Choe EK, Park KJ

PURPOSE: Rectovaginal fistula can result from various causes and diverse surgical procedures have developed as a result. We investigated the outcomes of surgical treatments for rectovaginal fistula according to causes...
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The first case of vaginal angiomatoid Spitz nevus causing vaginal bleeding

Park YH, Byun JM, Cho HJ, Jeong DH, Kim YN, Park HR, Lee KB, Sung MS

Angiomatoid Spitz nevus is a variant of melanocytic nevus with prominent vasculature. Due to its pathologic features, angiomatoid Spitz nevus in the vaginal wall is extremely rare. A 42-year-old woman...
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Gracilis pull-through flap for the repair of a recalcitrant recto-vaginal fistula

James Mok , Goh MH, Tang CL, Tan BK

Recto-vaginal fistulas are difficult to treat due to their high recurrence rate. Currently, no single surgical intervention is universally regarded as the best treatment option for rectovaginal fistulas. We present...
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Zinc-containing Vaginal Moisturizer Gel Improves Postmenopausal Vulvovaginal Symptoms: A Pilot Study

Takacs P, Kozma B, Erdodi B, Jakab A, Larson K, Poka R

OBJECTIVES: Although vaginal estrogen is highly effective in alleviating genitourinary symptoms of menopause (GSM), some women are reluctant to use hormonal treatment. Our aim was to evaluate the effect of...
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Postpartum Gynetresia

Park Y, Im E

Vaginal stenosis, or gynetresia, commonly results from a congenital defect, while acquired gynetresia is a rare condition. Reported contributors to acquired gynetresia include chronic graft-versus-host reaction, radiotherapy for gynecologic malignancies,...
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Correlation between the posterior vaginal wall and apex in pelvic organ prolapse

Lee MH, Kim BH, Na ED, Jang JH, Kim HC

OBJECTIVE: The aim of our study is to reveal the correlation between the posterior vaginal wall and apex in pelvic organ prolapse. METHODS: We retrospectively reviewed the records of all new...
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Therapeutic Approaches to Atrophic Vaginitis in Postmenopausal Women: A Systematic Review with a Network Meta-analysis of Randomized Controlled Trials

Lee A, Kim TH, Lee HH, Kim YS, Enkhbold T, Lee B, Park YJ, Song K

OBJECTIVES: Atrophic vaginitis (AV), which is common in postmenopausal women, is characterized by vaginal dryness, dyspareunia, and discomfort. There are a variety of therapeutic agents for the treatment of AV,...
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Immunohistochemistry: sole tool in diagnosing a rare case of primary vaginal amelanotic melanoma

Garg R, Gupta N

We report a rare case of vaginal amelanotic melanoma. Malignant melanomas are cutaneous and extracutaneous tumors that arise from embryological remnants of neural crest cells/melanocytes. Amelanotic melanomas at such rare...
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Sentinel lymph node mapping with indocyanine green in vaginal cancer

Lee IO, Lee JY, Kim S, Kim SW, Kim YT, Nam EJ

OBJECTIVE: Sentinel lymph node (SLN) mapping is being adapted to gynecologic cancer. Higher SLN mapping rates were reported with indocyanine green (ICG) compared to other dyes. The aim of this...
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Probiotics in the Prevention and Treatment of Postmenopausal Vaginal Infections: Review Article

Kim JM, Park YJ

Bacterial vaginosis (BV) and complicated vulvovaginal candidiasis (VVC) are frequently occurring vaginal infections in postmenopausal women, caused by an imbalance in vaginal microflora. Postmenopausal women suffer from decreased ovarian hormones...
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Transvaginal ultrasound versus magnetic resonance imaging for preoperative assessment of myometrial infiltration in patients with endometrial cancer: a systematic review and meta-analysis

Alcázar J, Gastón B, Navarro B, Salas R, Aranda J, Guerriero

OBJECTIVE: To compare the diagnostic accuracy of transvaginal ultrasound (TVS) and magnetic resonance imaging (MRI) for detecting myometrial infiltration (MI) in endometrial carcinoma. METHODS: An extensive search of papers comparing TVS...
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Impact of vaginal cylinder diameter on outcomes following brachytherapy for early stage endometrial cancer

Qian JM, Stahl JM, Young MR, Ratner E, Damast S

OBJECTIVE: To examine the outcomes (tolerability, toxicity, and recurrence) of vaginal brachytherapy (VBT) among endometrial cancer (EC) patients treated with small cylinder size. METHODS: Patients with EC who received adjuvant VBT...
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