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Pulmonary Strongyloidiasis Masquerading as Exacerbation of Chronic Obstructive Pulmonary Disease

Pradhan G, Behera P, Panigrahi , Bhuniya S, Mohapatra , Turuk J, Mohanty S

  • Tuberc Respir Dis.
  • 2016 Oct;79(4):307-311.
  • doi: 10.4046/trd.2016.79.4.307
Pulmonary strongyloidiasis is an uncommon presentation of Strongyloides infection, usually seen in immunocompromised hosts. The manifestations are similar to that of acute exacerbation of chronic obstructive pulmonary disease (COPD). Therefore,...
Pulmonary Leukocytoclastic Vasculitis as an Initial Presentation of Myelodysplastic Syndrome

Lee SH, Kim JH, Park S, Won CY, Lee JH, Yi SY, Park HK, Chang SH, Jung H, Lee SS, Koo HK

  • Tuberc Respir Dis.
  • 2016 Oct;79(4):302-306.
  • doi: 10.4046/trd.2016.79.4.302
Systemic vasculitis involving the lung is a rare manifestation of myelodysplastic syndrome (MDS), and secondary vasculitis is considered to have poor prognosis. A 44-year-old man presented with fever and dyspnea...
Association of Specific Immunoglobulin E to Staphylococcal Enterotoxin with Airway Hyperresponsiveness in Asthma Patients

Kim SH, Yang SY, You J, Lee SB, You J, Chang YS, Kim HJ, Ahn CM, Byun MK, Park HJ, Park JW

  • Tuberc Respir Dis.
  • 2016 Oct;79(4):295-301.
  • doi: 10.4046/trd.2016.79.4.295
BACKGROUND: Specific immunoglobulin E (IgE) sensitization to staphylococcal enterotoxin (SE) has been recently considered to be related to allergic disease, including asthma. Despite studies on specific IgE (sIgE) to SE...
The Prognostic Value of the Charlson's Comorbidity Index in Patients with Prolonged Acute Mechanical Ventilation: A Single Center Experience

Song SE, Lee SH, Jo EJ, Eom JS, Mok JH, Kim MH, Kim KU, Lee MK, Lee K

  • Tuberc Respir Dis.
  • 2016 Oct;79(4):289-294.
  • doi: 10.4046/trd.2016.79.4.289
BACKGROUND: The aim of our study was to evaluate the prognostic value of Charlson's weighted index of comorbidities (WIC) in patients with prolonged acute mechanical ventilation (PAMV, ventilator care ≥96...
Performance of the BacT Alert 3D System Versus Solid Media for Recovery and Drug Susceptibility Testing of Mycobacterium tuberculosis in a Tertiary Hospital in Korea

Kim SC, Jeon BY, Kim JS, Choi IH, Kim J, Woo J, Kim S, Lee HW, Sezim M, Cho SN

  • Tuberc Respir Dis.
  • 2016 Oct;79(4):282-288.
  • doi: 10.4046/trd.2016.79.4.282
BACKGROUND: Tuberculosis (TB) is a major health problem, and accurate and rapid diagnosis of multidrug-resistant (MDR) and extended drug-resistant (XDR) TB is important for appropriate treatment. In this study, performances...
The Younger Patients Have More Better Prognosis in Limited Disease Small Cell Lung Cancer

Kim HJ, Choi CM, Kim SG

  • Tuberc Respir Dis.
  • 2016 Oct;79(4):274-281.
  • doi: 10.4046/trd.2016.79.4.274
BACKGROUND: Factors associated with the prognosis of patients with small cell lung cancer (SCLC) is relatively unknown, than of those with non-small cell lung cancer. This study was undertaken to...
Gender Differences in Clinical Presentations of Cystic Fibrosis Patients in Azeri Turkish Population

Vahedi L, Jabarpoor-Bonyadi M, Ghojazadeh M, Vahedi A, Rafeey M

  • Tuberc Respir Dis.
  • 2016 Oct;79(4):267-273.
  • doi: 10.4046/trd.2016.79.4.267
BACKGROUND: Cystic fibrosis (CF) is an autosomal recessive disorder with several clinical presentations. This study was undertaken in the Azeri Turkish population in Iran, to investigate gender differences in the...
Increased Cellular NAD⁺ Level through NQO1 Enzymatic Action Has Protective Effects on Bleomycin-Induced Lung Fibrosis in Mice

Oh GS, Lee SB, Karna A, Kim HJ, Shen A, Pandit A, Lee S, Yang SH, So HS

  • Tuberc Respir Dis.
  • 2016 Oct;79(4):257-266.
  • doi: 10.4046/trd.2016.79.4.257
BACKGROUND: Idiopathic pulmonary fibrosis is a common interstitial lung disease; it is a chronic, progressive, and fatal lung disease of unknown etiology. Over the last two decades, knowledge about the...
Mechanisms of Epidermal Growth Factor Receptor Tyrosine Kinase Inhibitor Resistance and Strategies to Overcome Resistance in Lung Adenocarcinoma

Chang YS, Choi CM, Lee JC

  • Tuberc Respir Dis.
  • 2016 Oct;79(4):248-256.
  • doi: 10.4046/trd.2016.79.4.248
Somatic mutations that lead to hyperactivation of epidermal growth factor receptor (EGFR) signaling are detected in approximately 50% of lung adenocarcinoma in people from the Far East population and tyrosine...
The Role of Bronchodilators in Preventing Exacerbations of Chronic Obstructive Pulmonary Disease

Beeh KM

  • Tuberc Respir Dis.
  • 2016 Oct;79(4):241-247.
  • doi: 10.4046/trd.2016.79.4.241
Bronchodilators are the cornerstone of symptomatic chronic obstructive pulmonary disease (COPD) treatment. They are routinely recommended for symptom reduction, with a preference of long-acting over short-acting drugs. Bronchodilators are classified...
Tuberculosis Infection Control in Health-Care Facilities: Environmental Control and Personal Protection

Lee JY

  • Tuberc Respir Dis.
  • 2016 Oct;79(4):234-240.
  • doi: 10.4046/trd.2016.79.4.234
Transmission of tuberculosis (TB) is a recognized risk to patients and healthcare workers in healthcare settings. The literature review suggests that implementation of combination control measures reduces the risk of...
Clinical Practice Guideline of Acute Respiratory Distress Syndrome

Cho YJ, Moon JY, Shin ES, Kim JH, Jung H, Park SY, Kim HC, Sim YS, Rhee CK, Lim J, Lee SJ, Lee WY, Lee HJ, Kwak SH, Kang EK, Chung KS, Choi WI, The Korean Society of Critical Care Medicine, The Korean Academy of Tuberculosis and Respiratory Diseases Consensus Group

  • Tuberc Respir Dis.
  • 2016 Oct;79(4):214-233.
  • doi: 10.4046/trd.2016.79.4.214
There is no well-stated practical guideline for mechanically ventilated patients with or without acute respiratory distress syndrome (ARDS). We generate strong (1) and weak (2) grade of recommendations based on...
A Mitochondrial Perspective of Chronic Obstructive Pulmonary Disease Pathogenesis

Kang MJ, Shadel GS

  • Tuberc Respir Dis.
  • 2016 Oct;79(4):207-213.
  • doi: 10.4046/trd.2016.79.4.207
Chronic obstructive pulmonary disease (COPD) encompasses several clinical syndromes, most notably emphysema and chronic bronchitis. Most of the current treatments fail to attenuate severity and progression of the disease, thereby...
Tuberculosis Infection and Latent Tuberculosis

Lee SH

  • Tuberc Respir Dis.
  • 2016 Oct;79(4):201-206.
  • doi: 10.4046/trd.2016.79.4.201
Active tuberculosis (TB) has a greater burden of TB bacilli than latent TB and acts as an infection source for contacts. Latent tuberculosis infection (LTBI) is the state in which...

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