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Induction Mechanism of PD-L1 (Programmed Cell Death-ligand 1) in Sepsis

Lee SM

  • Tuberc Respir Dis.
  • 2008 Oct;65(4):343-350.
PD-L1 is expressed in a variety of antigen-presenting cells and provides T cell tolerance via ligation with its receptor PD-1 and B7-1 on T cells. Stimulation with lipopolysaccharide (LPS) can...
A Case of Transient Radiographic Progression during Treatment of Pulmonary Tuberculosis: Early CT Findings

Yoo SM, Lee HY

  • Tuberc Respir Dis.
  • 2008 Oct;65(4):339-342.
Early CT findings of transient radiographic progression (TRP) during treatment of active pulmonary tuberculosis including subpleural, interlobular or intralobular septal thickening and micronodules are shown in the present case. Late...
A Case of a Solitary Fibrous Tumor of the Pleura Presenting as Pneumonia and Acute Respiratory Failure

Park HS, Kwak HJ, Park DW, Koo TY, Kim HY, Park SY, Ahn SE, Kim SH, Kim TH, Sohn JW, Chung WS, Yoon HJ, Shin DH, Park SS

  • Tuberc Respir Dis.
  • 2008 Oct;65(4):334-338.
Solitary fibrous tumors of the pleura (SFTPs) are relatively rare tumors that originate from the mesenchymal cells of the submesothelial tissue of the pleura. Patients with SFTPs are often asymptomatic,...
Recurrent Desquamative Interstitial Pneumonia with Fibrotic Lung Disease

Kim WJ, Choi JH, Park YB, Cho SW, Nam ES, Mo EK

  • Tuberc Respir Dis.
  • 2008 Oct;65(4):328-333.
Desquamative interstitial pneumonia is an uncommon form of interstitial lung diseases and it has a good prognosis compared with other types of idiopathic interstitial pneumonia. A 69-year old man was...
Systemic Lupus Erythematosus Associated with Interstitial Pneumonia and Achalasia

Kwon HL, Hong KW, Lim SJ, Park SY, Bae YD, Kim KH, Choi JH, Mo EK, Park YB

  • Tuberc Respir Dis.
  • 2008 Oct;65(4):323-327.
Systemic lupus erythematosus (SLE) is a multisystem disorder where the etiology is not clearly known. Symptomatic chronic interstitial pneumonitis is an uncommon manifestation, with a reported prevalence of 3~13%. Achalasia...
A Case of Double Primary Neurilemmoma on Both Chest Wall, One of Them is Bulging to Skin from Intercostal Nerve

Kim C, Park SM, Park EJ, Jung EJ, Jang WH, Kim YK, Lee YM, Kim KU, Kim HZ, Hwang JH, Jin SY, Uh ST

  • Tuberc Respir Dis.
  • 2008 Oct;65(4):318-322.
Neurilemmomas are benign nerve sheath tumors derived from Schwann cells that rarely occur in the chest wall. Neurilemmomas of the chest wall are usually solitary lesions that bulge toward the...
A Case of Endobronchial Lipoma Causing Right Middle and Lower Lobes Collapse and Bronchiolitis Obliterans-organizing Pneumonia

Son JY, Jung JY, Ha YJ, Hong SJ, Jung MK, Chung MJ, Seo YS, Moon JA, Byun MK, Park BH, Moon JW, Park MS, Kim YS, Chang J, Kim SK, Chung KY, Kim SK

  • Tuberc Respir Dis.
  • 2008 Oct;65(4):313-317.
Lipoma is a common neoplasm in soft tissues. However, an intrapulmonary lipoma is a rare benign tumor. Patients with a bronchial lipoma might have a malignant potential related to their...
A Case of Bilateral Gynecomastia Associated with Isoniazid

Heo EY, Jeong I, Lee JS, Lee CH, Chung HS, Kim DK

  • Tuberc Respir Dis.
  • 2008 Oct;65(4):308-312.
Gynecomastia is a benign enlargement of the male breast attributable to proliferation of the ductal elements. Gynecomastia has been rarely reported as an adverse effect of isoniazid therapy. We report...
Prognostic Utility of the Soluble Triggering Receptor Expressed on Myeloid Cells-1 in Patients with Acute Respiratory Distress Syndrome

Huh JW, Jung H, Lim CM, Koh Y, Hong SB

  • Tuberc Respir Dis.
  • 2008 Oct;65(4):301-307.
BACKGROUND: The triggering receptor expressed on myeloid cells-1 (TREM-1) is an activating receptor that is expressed on the surface of neutrophils and mature monocytes when stimulated with several microbial components,...
Analysis of Characteristics and Prognostic Factors in Adult Patients Receiving Mechanical Ventilation in the Medical Intensive Care Unit of a University Hospital

Song JW, Choi CM, Hong SB, Oh YM, Shim TS, Lim CM, Lee SD, Kim WS, Kim DS, Kim WD, Koh Y

  • Tuberc Respir Dis.
  • 2008 Oct;65(4):292-300.
BACKGROUND: Respiratory failure is a common condition that requires intensive care, and has a high mortality rate despite the recent improvements in respiratory care. Previous reports of patients with respiratory...
Polymorphisms in the SERPINA1 Gene and the Risk of Chronic Obstructive Pulmonary Disease in a Korean Population

Cha SI, Choi JE, Lee JM, Yoo SS, Kim CH, Lee WK, Jung TH, Kim NS, Park JY

  • Tuberc Respir Dis.
  • 2008 Oct;65(4):285-291.
BACKGROUND: We conducted a case-control study to evaluate the potential association between SERPINA1 genotypes (M1Val, M1Ala, S, and Z) and the risk COPD. METHODS: The study population consisted of 93 patients...
Retrospective Study about Medical and Surgical Combination Therapy for Advanced Cervical Tuberculous Lymphadenitis

Song HD, Kim CK, Cho DI, Hong IP, Yoo NS

  • Tuberc Respir Dis.
  • 2008 Oct;65(4):277-284.
BACKGROUND: In principle, cervical tuberculous lymphadenitis (CTBL) is a medical disease that may require surgical treatment, particularly in young women who complain of psychosocial and cosmetic problems. We encountered 13...
Tuberculin Survey to Estimate the Prevalence of Tuberculosis Infection of the Elementary Schoolchildren under High BCG Vaccination Coverage

Kim HJ, Oh SY, Lee JB, Park YS, Lew WJ

  • Tuberc Respir Dis.
  • 2008 Oct;65(4):269-276.
BACKGROUND: Although the prevalence of tuberculosis infections (PTBI) is one of the basic epidemiologic indices, no survey has been carried out since 1995 because the nation-wide tuberculosis prevalence survey was...
Association of Mycoplasma pneumoniae in Asthma Pathogenesis

Mohammed Ali MM

  • Tuberc Respir Dis.
  • 2008 Oct;65(4):261-268.
The role of atypical bacterial infection in the pathogenesis of asthma is a subject of continuing debate. There is an increasing body of literature concerning the association between the atypical...

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