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Thyroid Hormone Profile and Its Prognostic Impact on the Coronavirus Disease 2019 in Korean Patients

Ahn J, Lee MK, Lee JH, Sohn SY

Background: Data on the association between coronavirus disease 2019 (COVID-19) and thyroid have been reported, including overt thyrotoxicosis and suppression of thyroid function. We aimed to evaluate the thyroid hormone...
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Effects of Intermittent Fasting on the Circulating Levels and Circadian Rhythms of Hormones

Kim BH, Joo Y, Kim MS, Choe HK, Tong Q, Kwon O

Intermittent fasting has become an increasingly popular strategy in losing weight and associated reduction in obesity-related medical complications. Overwhelming studies support metabolic improvements from intermittent fasting in blood glucose levels,...
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The Role of Thyroid Hormone in the Regulation of Cerebellar Development

Ishii S, Amano I, Koibuchi N

The proper organized expression of specific genes in time and space is responsible for the organogenesis of the central nervous system including the cerebellum. The epigenetic regulation of gene expression...
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Association of serum free thyroxine and glucose homeostasis: Korea National Health and Nutrition Examination Survey

Ha J, Lee J, Lim DJ, Lee JM, Chang SA, Kang MI, Kim MH

Background/Aims: Thyroid hormones are involved in wide range of glucose metabolism functions. Overt thyroid dysfunctions are related to altered glucose homeostasis. However, it is not conclusive as to whether subtle...
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Associations Between Thyroid Hormone Levels and Urinary Concentrations of Bisphenol A, F, and S in 6-Year-old Children in Korea

Jang Y, Choi YJ, Lim YH, Lee KS, Kim BN, Shin CH, Lee YA, Kim JI, Hong YC

Objectives: Bisphenol A (BPA) is used in the electrical, mechanical, medical, and food industries. Previous studies have suggested that BPA is an endocrine disruptor. Regulation of BPA has led to...
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Effect of Multiple Exposure to Perfluorinated Chemicals on Thyroid Function among Adults in the US: The National Health and Nutrition Examination Survey 2007-2008 and 2011-2012

Sohn YS, Moon S, Park YJ

Background and Objectives: Perfluoroalkyl substances (PFASs) are known to disrupt the thyroid hormone system. However, no study has assessed the association between multiple exposure to PFASs and the thyroid hormone...
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Association between Thyroid Hormones, Apolipoprotein E, and Cognitive Function among Cognitively-Normal Elderly Dwellers

Kim B, Moon SW

Objective The correlation among the thyroid-related hormones, Apolipoprotein E ε4 (APOE ε4) and cognitive function has been reported despite controversial results. This study was designed to investigate this correlation among...
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Association between Thyroid-Related Hormones and Cognitive Function in Patients with Alzheimer's Disease and Mild Cognitive Impairment

Park DY, Kim H, Lee KJ

OBJECTIVES: The association between thyroid-related hormones and cognitive function has been controversial. The purpose of this study is to compare the levels of thyroid-related hormones in patients with Alzheimer's disease...
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Iodine status and characteristics of Korean adolescents and their parents based on urinary iodine concentration: a nationwide cross-sectional study

Choi YC, Cheong JI, Chueh HW, Yoo JH

PURPOSE: Iodine is a major component of thyroid hormones. Both deficiency and excess of iodine are major risk factors for thyroid disease, making it important to accurately assess iodine level...
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Comparison of Thyroid Hormones in Euthyroid Athyreotic Patients Treated with Levothyroxine and Euthyroid Healthy Subjects

Jeon MJ, Lee SH, Lee JJ, Han MK, Kim HK, Kim WG, Kim TY, Kim WB, Shong YK, Ryu JS

BACKGROUND AND OBJECTIVES: Levothyroxine (L-T4) monotherapy to normalize TSH level might be not sufficient to restore serum free triiodothyronine (fT3) levels in hypothyroid patients. This study aimed to compare the...
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Association between Thyroid Dysfunction and Severity, Treatment Response in Schizophrenic Inpatients

Jung MJ, Hwang HK, Seo YE, Choi JH

OBJECTIVES: Thyroid hormone deficiency during the neurodevelopmental period can impair brain development and induce psychiatric symptoms. This study examined the association between thyroid dysfunction and the severity of symptoms in...
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Changes in the thyroid hormone profiles in children with nephrotic syndrome

Jung SH, Lee JE, Chung WY

PURPOSE: We compared thyroid hormone profiles in children with nephrotic syndrome (NS) during the nephrotic phase and after remission. METHODS: This study included 31 pediatric NS patients. The thyroid hormone profiles...
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The Relationship between Thyroid Function and Different Obesity Phenotypes in Korean Euthyroid Adults

Kim JM, Kim BH, Lee H, Kim EH, Kim M, Kim JH, Jeon YK, Kim SS, Kim IJ, Kim YK

BACKGROUND: Thyroid disease and metabolic syndrome are both associated with cardiovascular disease. The aim of this study was to investigate the correlation between thyroid hormones and obesity sub-phenotypes using nationwide...
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Bisphenols and Thyroid Hormone

Kim MJ, Park YJ

In recent decades, attention has been directed toward the effects of bisphenol A (BPA) on human health. BPA has estrogenic activity and is regarded as a representative endocrine disruptor. In...
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Evaluation of Thyroid Hormone Levels and Urinary Iodine Concentrations in Koreans Based on the Data from Korea National Health and Nutrition Examination Survey VI (2013 to 2015)

Chung JH

No nationwide data have been published about thyroid hormone levels and urinary iodine concentrations (UICs) in Korea. The Korea Centers for Disease Control and Prevention and the Korean Thyroid Association...
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Thyroid dysfunction in patients with childhood-onset medulloblastoma or primitive neuroectodermal tumor

Jin SY, Choi JY, Park KD, Kang HJ, Shin HY, Phi JH, Kim SK, Wang KC, Kim IH, Lee YA, Shin CH, Yang SW

PURPOSE: We investigated the clinical characteristics of patients who developed thyroid dysfunction and evaluated the risk factors for hypothyroidism following radiotherapy and chemotherapy in pediatric patients with medulloblastoma or primitive...
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Reference intervals of thyroid hormones during pregnancy in Korea, an iodine-replete area

Kim HJ, Cho YY, Kim SW, Kim TH, Jang HW, Lee SY, Choi SJ, Roh CR, Kim JH, Chung JH, Oh SY

BACKGROUND/AIMS: Maternal thyroid dysfunction has been associated with adverse pregnancy outcomes. The purpose of our study was to establish trimester-specific reference intervals for thyroid hormones in pregnant women in Korea,...
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Steroid Non-responsive Hashimoto's Encephalopathy Improved by Rituximab

Jang SH, Moon HJ, Cho YW

Hashimoto's encephalopathy is a rare autoimmune disease, with symptoms of encephalopathy and high titers of serum anti-thyroid antibodies. Current diagnostic criteria include corticosteroid responsiveness, but in some cases, they are...
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Effect of Ultramarathon on the Anterior Pituitary and Thyroid Hormones

Shin KA, Kim YJ

PURPOSE: The purpose of this research is to study changes in pituitary hormone in anterior lobe and thyroid hormone before, after, and during recovery time in severe 100 km ultramarathon. METHODS:...
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Pediatric thyroid disorders

Shin YL

Thyroid hormones play an important role in normal growth and development throughout infancy, childhood, and adolescence. Abnormalities of thyroid function during the fetal period and infancy result in impaired development...
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