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Intervention thresholds to identify postmenopausal women with high fracture risk: A single center study based on the Philippines FRAX model

Li-Yu J, Lekamwasam S

Objectives: This study is designed to estimate appropriate intervention thresholds for the Philippines Fracture Risk Assessment Tool (FRAX) model to identify postmenopausal women with high fracture risk. Methods: Age dependent intervention...
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Effectiveness of Convalescent Plasma Therapy in Severe or Critically Ill COVID-19 Patients: A Retrospective Cohort Study

Cho Y, Sohn Y, Hyun J, Baek Y, Kim M, Kim J, Ahn J, Jeong S, Ku N, Yeom JS, Ahn M, Oh D, Choi J, Kim S, Lee K, Song Y, Choi J

Purpose: Coronavirus disease-2019 (COVID-19) is a novel respiratory infectious disease caused by severe acute respiratory syndrome coronavirus 2 (SARS-CoV-2); there are few specific treatments. Convalescent plasma (CP), donated by people...
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Right Ventricular Mass Quantification Using Cardiac CT and a Semiautomatic Three-Dimensional Hybrid Segmentation Approach: A Pilot Study

Goo HW

Objective: To evaluate the technical applicability of a semiautomatic three-dimensional (3D) hybrid CT segmentation method for the quantification of right ventricular mass in patients with cardiovascular disease. Materials and Methods: Cardiac...
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Inflammatory cytokines in midbrain periaqueductal gray contribute to diabetic induced pain hypersensitivity through phosphoinositide 3-kinase/protein kinase B/mammalian target of rapamycin signaling pathway

Guo M, Jiang Z, Chen Y, Wang F, Wang Z

Background: Diabetes-related neuropathic pain frequently occurs, and the underpinning mechanism remains elusive. The periaqueductal gray (PAG) exhibits descending inhibitory effects on central pain transmission. The current work aimed to examine...
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Policy Suggestions to Improve Patient Access to New Drugs in Korea

Choi Y, Lee H

Objective: This study aimed to overview and assess the effectiveness of the policies and regulations that have governed new drug access in Korea, and to propose policies to enhance patient...
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Clinical Utility of Mac-2 Binding Protein Glycosylation Isomer in Chronic Liver Diseases

Tamaki N, Kurosaki M, Loomba R, Izumi N

An accurate evaluation of liver fibrosis is clinically important in chronic liver diseases. Mac-2 binding protein glycosylation isomer (M2BPGi) is a novel serum marker for liver fibrosis. In this review,...
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Threshold Mismatches between Pure-Tone Audiometry and Auditory Steady State Response in Non-Auditory Neuropathy Adults

Noh H, Lee H

Background and Objectives To evaluate mismatches between pure-tone audiometry (PTA) and auditory steady-state response (ASSR) tests in non-auditory neuropathy adults and investigate brain lesions that may explain the mismatches, especially...
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The Effects of Auricular Acupressure on Joint Pain and Shoulder Range of Motion in Older Adults

Kim B, Park H

Purpose: This study aimed to examine the effects of auricular acupressure on shoulder pain and shoulder joint Range of Motion (ROM) in older adults. Methods: This is an experimental, single-blind,...
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Optimal Attenuation Threshold for Quantifying CT Pulmonary Vascular Volume Ratio

Goo HW, Par SH

Objective: To evaluate the effects of attenuation threshold on CT pulmonary vascular volume ratios in children and young adults with congenital heart disease, and to suggest an optimal attenuation threshold. Materials...
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Pattern Analysis of Left Ventricular Remodeling Using Cardiac Computed Tomography in Children with Congenital Heart Disease: Preliminary Results

Goo HW, Park SH

Objective: To assess left ventricular remodeling patterns using cardiac computed tomography (CT) in children with congenital heart disease and correlate these patterns with their clinical course. Materials and Methods: Left ventricular...
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Comparison of the Osteoporosis Self-Assessment Tool for Asians and the fracture risk assessment tool - FRAX to identify densitometric defined osteoporosis: A discriminatory value analysis in a multi-ethnic female population in Southeast Asia

Chandran M, Chin YA, Choo KS, Ang WC, Huang XF, Liu XM, Tay D, Aung TKK, Ali A, Thu WPP, Logan S, Yan SX, Lekamwasam S, Hao Y

Objectives: The accuracy of FRAX® as a screening tool to identify osteoporosis and how it compares with tools such as Osteoporosis Self-Assessment Tool for Asians (OSTA), in Southeast Asian women...
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Does 125-Hz Pure-Tone Thresholds Have Prognostic Value in Patients with Sudden Sensorineural Hearing Loss and Vertigo?

An YH, Shim HJ

Objectives: To analyze 125-Hz pure-tone thresholds in dizzy patients with sudden sensorineural hearing loss (SSNHL) and to investigate the relationship between 125-Hz thresholds and the prognosis of SSNHL with vertigo. Methods:...
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Intervention Thresholds for Treatment in Patients with Glucocorticoid-Induced Osteoporosis: Systematic Review of Guidelines

Lee TH, Song YJ, Kim H, Sung YK, Cho SK

Background: In this study, we aimed to evaluate and compare the treatment indication for patients with glucocorticoid-induced osteoporosis (GIOP) in various clinical practice guidelines. Methods: We searched for potentially relevant studies...
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Initial Seizure Threshold in Ultra-Brief Pulse Width Right Unilateral Electroconvulsive Therapy

Kim HS, Shin SY, Jeong SH, Kim Y, Youn T, Chung CH, Kim YS, Chung IW

Objectives The present study investigates the initial seizure threshold (IST) of an ultra-brief pulse width right unilateral electroconvulsive therapy (UBP-RUL ECT) in Korean patients with mental disorders to identify its predictive...
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Blink reflex changes and sensory perception in infraorbital nerve-innervated areas following zygomaticomaxillary complex fractures

Park YS, Choi J, Park SW

Background Infraorbital nerve dysfunction is commonly reported after zygomaticomaxillary complex fractures. We evaluated sensory changes in four designated areas (eyelid, nose, zygoma, and lip) innervated by the infraorbital nerve. This...
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Revision of threshold levels for evoking pollinosis to oak, pine, Japanese hop, and ragweed in the metropolitan area Seoul, Korea

Choi YJ, Jeon JH, Jeong JH, Kim KR, Lee YS, Oh JW

Purpose: The threshold levels for symptom development of pollinosis vary among studies and countries. This study aimed to determine currently used threshold levels for it. Methods: Oak, pine, Japanese hop, and...
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Concordance of Three International Guidelines for Thyroid Nodules Classified by Ultrasonography and Diagnostic Performance of Biopsy Criteria

Yim Y, Na DG, Ha EJ, Baek JH, Sung JY, Kim JH, Moon WJ

OBJECTIVE: To investigate the concordance of three international guidelines: the Korean Thyroid Association/Korean Society of Thyroid Radiology, American Thyroid Association, and American College of Radiology for thyroid nodules classified by...
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Initial Seizure Threshold in Brief-Pulse Bilateral Electroconvulsive Therapy in Patients with Schizophrenia or Schizoaffective Disorder

Jeong SH, Youn T, Lee Y, Jang JH, Jeong YW, Kim YS, Chung IW

OBJECTIVE: The present study aimed to report the initial seizure threshold (IST) of a brief-pulse bilateral electroconvulsive therapy (BP-BL ECT) in Korean patients with schizophrenia/schizoaffective disorder and to identify IST...
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Can Sodium Citrate Effectively Improve Olfactory Function in Non-Conductive Olfactory Dysfunction?

Kim S, Kang H, Jin HJ, Hwang SH

The objective of this study was to perform a systematic review of the literature for application of intranasal sodium citrate in the patients with olfactory dysfunction to help determine the...
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FRAX-based intervention thresholds in Asia: Now and future

Cheung CL

No abstract available.
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