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Environmental Contamination by Echinococcus granulosus sensu lato Eggs in Relation to Slaughterhouses in Urban and Rural Areas in Tunisia

Chaâbane-Banaoues R, Oudni-M'rad M, M'rad S, Mezhoud H, Babba H

Hydatidosis has become a real concern for health care institutions and animal rearers in Tunisia. The Tunisian endemicity is aggravated by the growing number of dogs and the difficulty of...
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Molecular Description of Macroorchis spinulosus (Digenea: Nanophyetidae) Based on ITS1 Sequences

Won EJ, Kim DG, Cho J, Jung BK, Kim MJ, Yun YW, Chai JY, Ryang DW

We performed a molecular genetic study on the sequences of 18S ribosomal RNA (ITS1 region) gene in 4-day-old adult worms of Macroorchis spinulosus recovered in mice experimentally infected with metacercariae...
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Effects of Disinfectants on Larval Development of Ascaris suum Eggs

Oh KS, Kim GT, Ahn KS, Shin SS

The objective of this study was to evaluate the effects of several different commercial disinfectants on the embryogenic development of Ascaris suum eggs. A 1-ml aliquot of each disinfectant was...
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Serological Detection of Borrelia burgdorferi among Horses in Korea

Lee SH, Yun SH, Choi E, Park YS, Lee SE, Cho GJ, Kwon OD, Kwak D

Lyme disease is a tick-borne zoonotic infectious disease caused by Borrelia burgdorferi. The present study assessed the infection status of B. burgdorferi among horses reared in Korea using ELISA and...
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Seroprevalence of Toxoplasma gondii Infection among HIV/AIDS Patients in Eastern China

Shen G, Wang X, Sun H, Gao Y

Toxoplasmosis, a neglected tropical disease caused by the protozoan parasite Toxoplasma gondii, occurs throughout the world. Human T. gondii infection is asymptomatic in 80% of the population; however, the infection...
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Prevalence of Anaplasma and Bartonella spp. in Ticks Collected from Korean Water Deer (Hydropotes inermis argyropus)

Kang JG, Ko S, Kim HC, Chong ST, Klein TA, Chae JB, Jo YS, Choi KS, Yu DH, Park BK, Park J, Chae JS

Deer serve as reservoirs of tick-borne pathogens that impact on medical and veterinary health worldwide. In the Republic of Korea, the population of Korean water deer (KWD, Hydropotes inermis argyropus)...
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Molecular Characterization of Enterocytozoon bieneusi in Domestic Rabbits (Oryctolagus cuniculus) in Northeastern China

Zhang XX, Jiang J, Cai YN, Wang CF, Xu P, Yang GL, Zhao Q

A study of 426 rabbits from 3 cities in Jilin province (Changchun City and Jilin City) and Liaoning province (Shenyang City) was conducted between May and June 2015. The overall...
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Prevalence of Trichomonas vaginalis in Women Visiting 2 Obstetrics and Gynecology Clinics in Daegu, South Korea

Goo YK, Shin WS, Yang HW, Joo SY, Song SM, Ryu JS, Lee WM, Kong HH, Lee WK, Lee SE, Lee WJ, Chung DI, Hong Y

This study explored epidemiological trends in trichomoniasis in Daegu, South Korea. Wet mount microscopy, PCR, and multiplex PCR were used to test for Trichomonas vaginalis in vaginal swab samples obtained...
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Influence of 120 kDa Pyruvate:Ferredoxin Oxidoreductase on Pathogenicity of Trichomonas vaginalis

Song HO

Trichomonas vaginalis is a flagellate protozoan parasite and commonly infected the lower genital tract in women and men. Iron is a known nutrient for growth of various pathogens, and also...
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Infection of Taenia asiatica in a Bai Person in Dali, China

Wang L, Luo X, Hou J, Guo A, Zhang S, Li H, Cai X

We report here a human case of Taenia asiatica infection which was confirmed by genetic analyses in Dali, China. A patient was found to have symptoms of taeniasis with discharge...
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In Vitro Scolicidal Effects of Salvadora persica Root Extract against Protoscolices of Echinococcus granulosus

Abdel-Baki AAS, Almalki E, Mansour L, Al-Quarishy S

It has been known that Arak, Salvadora persica, has a number of medicinal properties. We tried to investigate in vitro scolicidal effect of root extracts of this plant against protoscolices...
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Genotype and Phenotype of Echinococcus granulosus Derived from Wild Sheep (Ovis orientalis) in Iran

Eslami A, Meshgi B, Jalousian , Rahmani S, Salari MA

The aim of the present study is to determine the characteristics of genotype and phenotype of Echinococcus granulosus derived from wild sheep and to compare them with the strains of...
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Animal Models for Echinostoma malayanum Infection: Worm Recovery and Some Pathology

Songsri J, Aukkanimart R, Boonmars T, Ratanasuwan P, Laummaunwai P, Sriraj P, Sripan P

Echinostomes are intestinal trematodes that infect a wide range of vertebrate hosts, including humans, in their adult stage and also parasitize numerous invertebrate and cold-blooded vertebrate hosts in their larval...
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Validation of Reference Genes for Quantitative Real-Time PCR in Bovine PBMCs Transformed and Non-transformed by Theileria annulata

Zhao H, Liu J, Li Y, Yang C, Zhao S, Liu J, Liu A, Liu G, Yin H, Guan G, Luo J

Theileria annulata is a tick-borne intracellular protozoan parasite that causes tropical theileriosis, a fatal bovine lymphoproliferative disease. The parasite predominantly invades bovine B lymphocytes and macrophages and induces host cell...
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Afatinib Reduces STAT6 Signaling of Host ARPE-19 Cells Infected with Toxoplasma gondii

Yang Z, Ahn HJ, Park YH, Nam HW

Specific gene expressions of host cells by spontaneous STAT6 phosphorylation are major strategy for the survival of intracellular Toxoplasma gondii against parasiticidal events through STAT1 phosphorylation by infection provoked IFN-γ....
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A Novel Polyclonal Antiserum against Toxoplasma gondii Sodium Hydrogen Exchanger 1

Xiao B, Kuang Z, Zhan Y, Chen D, Gao Y, Li M, Luo S, Hao W

The sodium hydrogen exchanger 1 (NHE1), which functions in maintaining the ratio of Na+ and H+ ions, is widely distributed in cell plasma membranes. It plays a prominent role in...
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Isolation and Genotyping of Toxoplasma gondii Strains in Ovine Aborted Fetuses in Khorasan Razavi Province, Iran

Danehchin , Razmi G, Naghibi A

Toxoplasmosis is an important zoonotic disease that can cause abortion in humans and animals. The aim of this study was isolation and subsequent genotyping of Toxoplasma gondii isolates in ovine...
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Tamoxifen Induces Apoptosis of Leishmania major Promastigotes in Vitro

Doroodgar , Delavari M, Doroodgar , Abbasi A, Taherian A, Doroodgar

Tamoxifen is an antagonist of the estrogen receptor and currently used for the treatment of breast cancer. The current treatment of cutaneous leishmaniasis with pentavalent antimony compounds is not satisfactory....
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An Improved PCR-RFLP Assay for Detection and Genotyping of Asymptomatic Giardia lamblia Infection in a Resource-Poor Setting

Hawash Y, Ghonaim MM, Al-Shehri

Laboratory workers, in resource-poor countries, still consider PCR detection of Giardia lamblia more costly and more time-consuming than the classical parasitological techniques. Based on 2 published primers, an in-house one-round...
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