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Intestinal Nematodes from Small Mammals Captured near the Demilitarized Zone, Gyeonggi Province, Republic of Korea

Kim DG, Park JH, Kim JL, Jung BK, Jeon SJ, Lim H, Lee MY, Shin EH, Klein TA, Kim HC, Chong ST, Song JW, Baek LJ, Chai JY

A total of 1,708 small mammals (1,617 rodents and 91 soricomorphs), including Apodemus agrarius (n = 1,400), Microtus fortis (167), Crocidura lasiura (91), Mus musculus (32), Myodes (= Eothenomys) regulus...
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High Genetic Variability of Schistosoma haematobium in Mali and Nigeria

Ezeh C, Yin M, Li H, Zhang T, Xu B, Sacko M, Feng Z, Hu W

Schistosoma haematobium is one of the most prevalent parasitic flatworms, infecting over 112 million people in Africa. However, little is known about the genetic diversity of natural S. haematobium populations...
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Prevalence and Genetic Characterization of Toxoplasma gondii in Pet Dogs in Central China

Qian WF, Yan WC, Wang TQ, Zhai K, Han LF, Lv CC

The prevalence and genotype of Toxoplasma gondii infection in dogs in Henan Province, Central China was investigated. A total of 125 blood samples were collected from pet dogs during April...
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Occurrence and Molecular Identification of Giardia duodenalis from Stray Cats in Guangzhou, Southern China

Zheng G, Hu W, Liu Y, Luo Q, Tan L, Li G

The objective of this study was to genetically characterize isolates of Giardia duodenalis and to determine if zoonotic potential of G. duodenalis could be found in stray cats from urban...
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Cryptosporidium suis Infection in Post-Weaned and Adult Pigs in Shaanxi Province, Northwestern China

Lin Q, Wang XY, Chen JW, Ding L, Zhao GH

Cryptosporidium spp., ubiquitous enteric parasitic protozoa of vertebrates, recently emerged as an important cause of economic loss and zoonosis. The present study aimed to determine the distribution and species of...
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Diphyllobothrium nihonkaiense Infections in a Family

Go YB, Lee EH, Cho J, Choi S, Chai JY

Diphyllobothrium latum and Diphyllobothrium nihonkaiense are morphologically similar to each other, and only genetic method can differentiate clearly between the 2 species. A strobila of diphyllobothriid tapeworm discharged from a...
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Four Additional Cases of Diphyllobothrium nihonkaiense Infection Confirmed by Analysis of COX1 Gene in Korea

Park SH, Jeon HK, Kim JB

Most of the diphyllobothriid tapeworms isolated from human samples in the Republic of Korea (= Korea) have been identified as Diphyllobothrium nihonkaiense by genetic analysis. This paper reports confirmation of...
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First Record of Cosmocephalus obvelatus (Acuariidae) in Common Gulls (Larus canus) from Gangneung, Korea

Kim SM, Park BK, Jung BD, Kim HC

A nematode species belonging to the genus Cosmocephalus was collected from the stomach of 2 common gulls, Larus canus. The common gulls were found dead on the seaside of Gangneung...
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Comorbid Gastric Adenocarcinoma and Gastric and Duodenal Strongyloides stercoralis Infection: A Case Report

Seo AN, Goo YK, Chung DI, Hong Y, Kwon O, Bae HI

Strongyloides stercoralis can cause systemic infection, termed strongyloidiasis, and gastrointestinal ulcer disease in immunocompromised patients. However, to our knowledge, there are no reported cases of comorbid gastric adenocarcinoma and S....
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Proteomic Screening of Antigenic Proteins from the Hard Tick, Haemaphysalis longicornis (Acari: Ixodidae)

Kim YH, slam MS, You MJ

Proteomic tools allow large-scale, high-throughput analyses for the detection, identification, and functional investigation of proteome. For detection of antigens from Haemaphysalis longicornis, 1-dimensional electrophoresis (1-DE) quantitative immunoblotting technique combined with...
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Xenomonitoring of Different Filarial Nematodes Using Single and Multiplex PCR in Mosquitoes from Assiut Governorate, Egypt

Dyab AK, Galal LA, Mahmoud AE, Mokhtar Y

Wuchereria bancrofti, Dirofilaria immitis, and Dirofilaria repens are filarial nematodes transmitted by mosquitoes belonging to Culex, Aedes, and Anopheles genera. Screening by vector dissection is a tiresome technique. We aimed...
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Identification and Molecular Characterization of Parkin in Clonorchis sinensis

Bai X, Kim TI, Lee JY, Dai F, Hong SJ

Clonorchis sinensis habitating in the bile duct of mammals causes clonorchiasis endemic in East Asian countries. Parkin is a RING-between-RING protein and has E3-ubiquitin ligase activity catalyzing ubiquitination and degradation...
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Experimental Life History and Biological Characteristics of Fasciola gigantica (Digenea: Fasciolidae)

Phalee A, Wongsawad , Rojanapaibul A, Chai JY

This study was conducted to investigate the life history, morphology, and maturation of larval stages and adult worms of Fasciola gigantica in experimental mice. Lymnaea auricularia rubiginosa was used as...
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Immunopathological Changes in the Brain of Immunosuppressed Mice Experimentally Infected with Toxocara canis

Eid MM, El-Kowrany SI, Othman AA, Gendy DI, Saied EM

Toxocariasis is a soil-transmitted helminthozoonosis due to infection of humans by larvae of Toxocara canis. The disease could produce cognitive and behavioral disturbances especially in children. Meanwhile, in our modern...
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Plasmodium vivax Drug Resistance Genes; Pvmdr1 and Pvcrt-o Polymorphisms in Relation to Chloroquine Sensitivity from a Malaria Endemic Area of Thailand

Rungsihirunrat K, Muhamad P, Chaijaroenkul W, Kuesap J, Na-Bangchang K

The aim of the study was to explore the possible molecular markers of chloroquine resistance in Plasmodium vivax isolates in Thailand. A total of 30 P. vivax isolates were collected...
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Sensitivity of Plasmodium falciparum to Antimalarial Drugs in Hainan Island, China

Wang SQ, Wang GZ, Li YC, Meng F, Lin SG, Zhu ZH, Sun DW, He CH, Hu XM, Du JW

Pyronaridine and artesunate have been shown to be effective in falciparum malaria treatment. However, pyronaridine is rarely used in Hainan Island clinically, and artesunate is not widely used as a...
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Seropositivity and Serointensity of Toxoplasma gondii Antibodies and DNA among Patients with Schizophrenia

Omar A, Bakar OC, Adam NF, Osman H, Osman A, Suleiman A, Manaf MR, Selamat MI

The aim of this cross sectional case control study was to examine the serofrequency and serointensity of Toxoplasma gondii (Tg) IgG, IgM, and DNA among patients with schizophrenia. A total...
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Antileishmanial and Cytotoxic Effects of Essential Oil and Methanolic Extract of Myrtus communis L.

Mahmoudvand H, Ezzatkhah , Sharififar F, Sharifi I, Dezaki ES

Plants used for traditional medicine contain a wide range of substances that can be used to treat various diseases such as infectious diseases. The present study was designed to evaluate...
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Subtype Distribution of Blastocystis in Thai-Myanmar Border, Thailand

Popruk S, Udonsom R, Koompapong K, Mahittikorn A, Kusolsuk T, Ruangsittichai J, Palasuwan

Blastocystis sp. is a common zoonotic intestinal protozoa which has been classified into 17 subtypes (STs). A cross-sectional study was conducted to determine the prevalence and subtype distribution of Blastocystis...
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Serine Proteases of Parasitic Helminths

Yang Y, Wen YJ, Cai YN, Vallee I, Boireau P, Liu MY, Cheng SP

Serine proteases form one of the most important families of enzymes and perform significant functions in a broad range of biological processes, such as intra- and extracellular protein metabolism, digestion,...
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