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V-shaped Pits in Regions of Ancient Baekje Kingdom Paleoparasitologically Confirmed as Likely Human-Waste Reservoirs

Shin DH, Shim SY, Kim MJ, Oh CS, Lee MH, Jung SB, Lee GI, Chai JY, Seo M

In a paleo-parasitological analysis of soil samples obtained from V-shaped pits dating to the ancient Baekje period in Korean history, we discovered Ascaris lumbricoides, Trichuris trichiura, and Clonorchis sinensis eggs....
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Ixodid Tick Infestation in Cattle and Wild Animals in Maswa and Iringa, Tanzania

Kwak YS, Kim TY, Nam SH, Lee IY, Kim HP, Mduma S, Keyyu J, Fyumagwa R, Yong TS

Ticks and tick-borne diseases are important in human and livestock health worldwide. In November 2012, ixodid ticks were collected and identified morphologically from cattle and wild animals in the Maswa...
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Genetic Polymorphisms in VIR Genes among Indian Plasmodium vivax Populations

Gupta P, Pande V, Das A, Singh V

The vir genes are antigenic genes and are considered to be possible vaccine targets. Since India is highly endemic to Plasmodium vivax, we sequenced 5 different vir genes and investigated...
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Prevalence of Trichomonas vaginalis by PCR in Men Attending a Primary Care Urology Clinic in South Korea

Seo JH, Yang HW, Joo SY, Song SM, Lee YR, Ryu JS, Yoo ES, Lee WK, Kong HH, Lee SE, Lee WJ, Goo YK, Chung DI, Hong Y

Trichomonas vaginalis, a causative agent of trichomoniasis, may trigger symptomatic or asymptomatic nongonococcal urethritis and chronic prostatitis in men. Despite the availability of highly sensitive diagnostic tests, such as nucleic...
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Scrotal Sparganosis Mimicking Scrotal Teratoma in an Infant: A Case Report and Literature Review

Zhao YM, Zhang HC, Li ZR, Zhang HY

Sparganosis is an infection with a parasitic tapeworm larva that occurs by eating infected foods or drinking contaminated water. The larvae can migrate to a tissue or muscle in the...
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Eosinophilic Pleuritis due to Sparganum: A Case Report

Oh Y, Kim JT, Kim MK, Chang YJ, Eom K, Park JG, Lee KM, Choe KH, An JY

Sparganosis is a rare parasitic disease caused by migrating plerocercoid tapeworm larva of the genus Spirometra. Infection in humans is mainly caused by the ingestion of raw or inadequately cooked...
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A Case of Ocular Toxocariasis Successfully Treated with Albendazole and Triamcinolon

Seong S, Moon D, Lee DK, Kim HE, Oh HS, Kim SH, Kwon OW, You YS

We present a case of ocular toxocariasis treated successfully with oral albendazole in combination with steroids. A 26-year-old male visited the authors' clinic with the chief complaint of flying flies...
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Strongyloides myopotami (Secernentea: Strongyloididae) from the Intestine of Feral Nutrias (Myocastor coypus) in Korea

Choe S, Lee D, Park H, Oh M, Jeon HK, Eom KS

Surveys on helminthic fauna of the nutria, Myocastor coypus, have seldom been performed in the Republic of Korea. In the present study, we describe Strongyloides myopotami (Secernentea: Strongyloididae) recovered from...
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The First Case of Capillaria hepatica Infection in a Nutria (Myocastor coypus) in Korea

Park JH, Novilla MN, Song J, Kim KS, Chang SN, Han JH, Lee BH, Lee DH, Kim HM, Kim YH, Youn HJ, Kil J

This study reports the first case of Capillaria hepatica infection in a nutria in Korea. Ten nutrias, captured near the Nakdong River, were submitted to our laboratory for necropsy. White-yellowish...
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Bronchopulmonary Infection of Lophomonas blattarum: A Case and Literature Review

Xue J, Li YL, Yu XM, Li DK, Liu MF, Qiu JF, Xue JJ

Human infections with Lophomonas blattarum are rare. However, the majority of the infections occurred in China, 94.4% (136 cases) of all cases in the world. This infection is difficult to...
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Three Echinostome Species from Wild Birds in the Republic of Korea

Choe S, Lee D, Park H, Oh M, Jeon HK, Lee Y, Na KJ, Kim Y, Lee H, Eom KS

Three echinostome species, i.e., Patagifer bilobus, Petasiger neocomense, and Saakotrema metatestis, are newly recorded in the trematode fauna of the Republic of Korea. They were recovered from 3 species of...
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First Evaluation of an Outbreak of Bovine Babesiosis and Anaplasmosis in Southern Brazil Using Multiplex PCR

Canever MF, Vieira LL, Reck C, Richter L, Miletti LC

Outbreaks of tick-borne disease cases in Santa Catarina, Brazil are known, but the presence of the pathogen DNA has never been determined. In this study, the first survey of Anaplasma...
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Evaluation of the Accuracy of the EasyTest(TM) Malaria Pf/Pan Ag, a Rapid Diagnostic Test, in Uganda

Chong CK, Cho PY, Na BK, Ahn SK, Kim JS, Lee JS, Lee SK, Han ET, Kim HY, Park YK, Cha SH, Kim TS

In recent years, rapid diagnostic tests (RDTs) have been widely used for malaria detection, primarily because of their simple operation, fast results, and straightforward interpretation. The Asan EasyTest(TM) Malaria Pf/Pan...
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A New IgG Immunoblot Kit for Diagnosis of Toxoplasmosis in Pregnant Women

Khammari I, Saghrouni , Lakhal S, Bouratbine A, Ben Said M, Boukadida

The determination of the accurate immune status of pregnant women is crucial in order to prevent congenital toxoplasmosis. Equivocal results with conventional serological techniques are not uncommon when IgG titers...
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IgG Avidity Antibodies against Toxoplasma gondii in High Risk Females of Reproductive Age Group in India

Siddiqui N, Shujatullah F, Khan HM, Rabbani T, Khan PA

Toxoplasma gondii is an obligate intracellular protozoan that is distributed worldwide. Recently, several tests for avidity of Toxoplasma IgG antibodies have been introduced to help discriminate between recently acquired and...
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Prevalence of Cryptosporidium-Associated Diarrhea in a High Altitude-Community of Saudi Arabia Detected by Conventional and Molecular Methods

Hawash Y, Dorgham LS, Al-Hazmi A, Al-Ghamdi

Cryptosporidium diarrhea represents a relevant clinical problem in developing countries. In Al-Taif, a city of Saudi Arabia that lies at an altitude of an around 2 km above the sea...
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Molecular Characterization of Various Trichomonad Species Isolated from Humans and Related Mammals in Indonesia

Kamaruddin M, Tokoro M, Rahman MM, Arayama S, Hidayati A, Syafruddin D, Asih PB, Yoshikawa , Kawahara E

Trichomonad species inhabit a variety of vertebrate hosts; however, their potential zoonotic transmission has not been clearly addressed, especially with regard to human infection. Twenty-one strains of trichomonads isolated from...
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Degradation of the Transcription Factors NF-kappaB, STAT3, and STAT5 Is Involved in Entamoeba histolytica-Induced Cell Death in Caco-2 Colonic Epithelial Cells

Kim KA, Min A, Lee YA, Shin MH

Entamoeba histolytica is a tissue-invasive protozoan parasite causing dysentery in humans. During infection of colonic tissues, amoebic trophozoites are able to kill host cells via apoptosis or necrosis, both of...
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