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Infection Status of Hydatid Cysts in Humans and Sheep in Uzbekistan

Hong ST, Jin Y, Anvarov K, Khadjibaev A, Hong S, Ahmedov Y, Otaboev U

Uzbekistan is endemic of cystic echinococcosis (CE). In order to estimate endemicity of CE, we collected data from emergency surgery due to CE in 2002-2010 and also investigated the prevalence...
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Spargana in a Weasel, Mustela sibirica manchurica, and a Wild Boar, Sus scrofa, from Gangwon-do, Korea

Lee SH, Choe EY, Shin HD, Seo M

To know the status of sparganum (plerocercoid of Spirometra erinacei) infection in the Korean wild life, several species of wild animals were captured in Gangwon-do and examined for their status...
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Prevalence of Dirofilaria immitis in Dogs in Shenyang, Northeastern China

Liu C, Yang N, He J, Yang M, Sun M

In the present study, we first report the seroprevalence of Dirofilaria immitis in dogs in Shenyang, northeastern China. Sera from 528 randomly selected dogs were examined for D. immitis antigen...
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Morphologic and Genetic Evidence for Mixed Infection with Two Myxobolus Species (Myxozoa: Myxobolidae) in Gray Mullets, Mugil cephalus, from Korean Waters

Kim WS, Kim JH, Oh MJ

The present study was performed to trace the decisive evidence for mixed infection of 2 Myxobolus species, M. episquamalis and Myxobolus sp., in the gray mullet, Mugil cephalus, from Korean...
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Prevalence and Genetic Characterization of Toxoplasma gondii in House Sparrows (Passer domesticus) in Lanzhou, China

Cong W, Huang SY, Zhou DH, Zhang XX, Zhang NZ, Zhao Q, Zhu XQ

The prevalence of Toxoplasma gondii infection in birds has epidemiological significance because birds are indeed considered as a good indicator of environmental contamination by T. gondii oocysts. In this study,...
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Prevalence of Toxoplasma gondii Infection in Household Cats in Korea and Risk Factors

Hong SH, Jeong YI, Kim JY, Cho SH, Lee WJ, Lee SE

Several epidemiological surveys have reported the prevalence of Toxoplasma gondii infection in stray cats in Korea, but little information is available on T. gondii infection in household cats. The aim...
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Cryptosporidium hominis Infection Diagnosed by Real-Time PCR-RFLP

Cheun HI, Kim K, Yoon S, Lee WJ, Park WY, Sim S, Yu JR

There are approximately 20 known species of the genus Cryptosporidium, and among these, 8 infect immunocompetent or immunocompromised humans. C. hominis and C. parvum most commonly infect humans. Differentiating between...
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A Giant Hydatid Cyst in the Interventricular Septum with Papillary Muscle Involvement

Sabzi F, Faraji R

We present here a 44-year-old male patient with hydatid disease who was referred to our hospital due to dyspnea and chest pain for the last 2 month before admission. Using...
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Gnathostoma spinigerum Infection in the Upper Lip of a Korean Woman: An Autochthonous Case in Korea

Kim JH, Lim H, Hwang YS, Kim TY, Han EM, Shin EH, Chai JY

Autochthonous human gnathostomiasis had never been reported in the Republic of Korea. We report here a case of Gnathostoma spinigerum infection in a 32-year-old Korean woman, presumed to have been...
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Fatal Balamuthia Amebic Encephalitis in a Healthy Child: A Case Report with Review of Survival Cases

Krasaelap , Prechawit , Chansaenroj J, Punyahotra P, Puthanakit T, Chomtho K, Shuangshoti S, Amornfa J, Poovorawan Y

Balamuthia mandrillaris is one of the 4 amebas in fresh water and soil that cause diseases in humans. Granulomatous amebic encephalitis (GAE), caused by B. mandrillaris, is a rare but...
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Screening and Molecular Cloning of a Protective Antigen from the Midgut of Haemaphysalis longicornis

Hu Y, Zhang J, Yang S, Wang H, Zeng H, Zhang T, Liu J

Vaccination is considered a promising alternative for controlling tick infestations. Haemaphysalis longicornis midgut proteins separated by SDS-PAGE and transferred to polyvinylidene difluoride (PVDF) membrane were screened for protective value against...
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Seasonal Distribution of Ticks in Four Habitats near the Demilitarized Zone, Gyeonggi-do (Province), Republic of Korea

Chong ST, Kim HC, Lee IY, Kollars TM, Sancho AR, Sames WJ, Chae JS, Klein TA

This study describes the seasonal distribution of larvae, nymph, and adult life stages for 3 species of ixodid ticks collected by tick drag and sweep methods from various habitats in...
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Serodiagnosis of Echinococcosis by ELISA Using Cystic Fluid from Uzbekistan Sheep

Jin Y, Anvarov K, Khajibaev , Hong S, Hong ST

According to increase of travel, the cases of imported echinococcosis have been increasing in Korea. The present study was undertaken to develop a serodiagnostic system for echinococcosis in Korea. For...
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Hyperendemicity of Haplorchis taichui Infection among Riparian People in Saravane and Champasak Province, Lao PDR

Chai JY, Yong TS, Eom KS, Min DY, Jeon HK, Kim TY, Jung BK, Sisabath L, Insisiengmay B, Phommasack B, Rim HJ

In this study, we found that Haplorchis taichui, a heterophyid intestinal fluke, is highly prevalent, with heavy worm loads, among riparian people in Saravane and Champasak province, Lao PDR. Fecal...
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Therapeutic Potential of Myrrh and Ivermectin against Experimental Trichinella spiralis Infection in Mice

Basyoni MM, El-Sabaa A

Trichinosis is a parasitic zoonosis caused by the nematode Trichinella spiralis. Anthelmintics are used to eliminate intestinal adults as well as tissue-migrating and encysted larvae. This study aimed to investigate...
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Age-Related CD4+CD25+Foxp3+ Regulatory T-Cell Responses During Plasmodium berghei ANKA Infection in Mice Susceptible or Resistant to Cerebral Malaria

Shan Y, Liu J, Pan YY, Jiang YJ, Shang H, Cao YM

Different functions have been attributed to CD4+CD25+Foxp3+ regulatory T-cells (Tregs) during malaria infection. Herein, we describe the disparity in Treg response and pro- and anti-inflammatory cytokines during infection with Plasmodium...
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Proliferation of Toxoplasma gondii Suppresses Host Cell Autophagy

Lee YJ, Song HO, Lee YH, Ryu JS, Ahn MH

Autophagy is a process of cytoplasmic degradation of endogenous proteins and organelles. Although its primary role is protective, it can also contribute to cell death. Recently, autophagy was found to...
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Loop-Mediated Isothermal Amplification Targeting 18S Ribosomal DNA for Rapid Detection of Acanthamoeba

Yang HW, Lee YR, Inoue N, Jha BK, Danne DB, Kim HK, Lee J, Goo YK, Kong HH, Chung DI, Hong Y

Amoebic keratitis (AK) caused by Acanthamoeba is one of the most serious corneal infections. AK is frequently misdiagnosed initially as viral, bacterial, or fungal keratitis, thus ensuring treatment delays. Accordingly,...
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