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Ticks Collected from Selected Mammalian Hosts Surveyed in the Republic of Korea During 2008-2009

Kim HC, Han SH, Chong ST, Klein TA, Choi CY, Nam HY, Chae HY, Lee H, Ko S, Kang JG, Chae JS

A tick survey was conducted to determine the relative abundance and distribution of ticks associated with selected mammals in the Republic of Korea (ROK) during 2008-2009. A total of 918...
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Discovery of Taeniid Eggs from A 17th Century Tomb in Korea

Lee HJ, Shin DH, Seo M

Even though Taenia spp. eggs are occasionally discovered from archeological remains around the world, these eggs have never been discovered in ancient samples from Korea. When we attempted to re-examine...
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Enterobius vermicularis Eggs Discovered in Coprolites from a Medieval Korean Mummy

Shin DH, Oh CS, Chai JY, Lee HJ, Seo M

While the presence of pinworm eggs in archaeological samples has been reported by many researchers in the New World, those have been detected very scarcely in the Old World, especially...
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The Jeju Weasel, Mustela sibilica quelpartis, A New Definitive Host for Gnathostoma nipponicum Yamaguti, 1941

Woo HC, Oh HS, Cho SH, Na BK, Sohn WM

Adult gnathostomes were discovered in the stomach of the Jeju weasel, Mustela sibilica quelpartis, road-killed in Jeju-do (Province). Their morphological characters were examined to identify the species. Total 50 gnathostome...
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Mosquito Species Composition and Plasmodium vivax Infection Rates on Baengnyeong-do (Island), Republic of Korea

Foley DH, Klein TA, Lee IY, Kim MS, Wilkerson , Harrison G, Rueda LM, Kim HC

Vivax malaria is a significant military and civilian health threat in the north of the Republic of Korea (ROK). The island of Baengnyeong-do is the westernmost point of the ROK...
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Maintained Seroprevalence of Toxoplasmosis among the Residents of Jeju Island, Korea

Hong SJ, Chong CK, Lee K, Kim TS, Hong YP, Ahn HJ, Kim HY, Ko AR, Kim YJ, Nam HW

Seroepidemiological status of toxoplasmosis among the residents of Jeju island was surveyed and evaluated by ELISA with crude extract of Toxoplasma gondii. The sera of 2,348 residents (male 1,157 and...
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Resistance to Toxoplasma gondii Infection in Mice Treated with Silk Protein by Enhanced Immune Responses

Moon JH, Pyo KH, Jung BK, Chun HS, Chai JY, Shin EH

This study investigated whether elevated host immune capacity can inhibit T. gondii infection. For this purpose, we used silk protein extracted from Bombyx mori cocoons as a natural supplement to...
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Effects of Simple and Disposable Chicken Cages for Experimental Eimeria Infections

Yoo J, Kang SH, Jeong J, Kim WH, Kim S, Lillehoj H, Min W

During experimental Eimeria infections in chickens, facilities are often contaminated by fecal oocysts known to be highly resistant to both chemical and enzymatic treatments. Thus, studies using experimental Eimeria infections...
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Lactobacillus acidophilus Contributes to a Healthy Environment for Vaginal Epithelial Cells

Pi W, Ryu JS, Roh J

Lactobacillus species in the female genital tract are thought to act as a barrier to infection. Several studies have demonstrated that lactobacilli can adhere to vaginal epithelial cells. However, little...
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NF-kappaB and CREB Are Involved in IL-8 Production of Human Neutrophils Induced by Trichomonas vaginalis-Derived Secretory Products

Nam YH, Min D, Park SJ, Kim KA, Lee YA, Shin MH

Trichomonas vaginalis is a flagellated lumen-dwelling extracellular protozoan parasite that causes human trichomoniasis via sexual intercourse. Human neutrophils play a crucial role in acute tissue inflammatory responses in T. vaginalis...
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Naegleria fowleri Lysate Induces Strong Cytopathic Effects and Pro-inflammatory Cytokine Release in Rat Microglial Cells

Lee YJ, Park CE, Kim JH, Sohn HJ, Lee J, Jung SY, Shin HJ

Naegleria fowleri, a ubiquitous free-living ameba, causes fatal primary amebic meningoencephalitis in humans. N. fowleri trophozoites are known to induce cytopathic changes upon contact with microglial cells, including necrotic and...
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PCR Diagnosis of Entamoeba histolytica Cysts in Stool Samples

Moon JH, Cho SH, Yu JR, Lee WJ, Cheun HI

Amebiasis is a protozoan disease caused by Entamoeba histolytica and a potential health threat in areas where sanitation and hygiene are inappropriate. Highly sensitive PCR methods for detection of E....
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Cystic Echinococcosis of the Pelvic Bone with Recurrences: A Case Report

Jain S, Chopra P

Hydatid cysts commonly affect the liver and the lung. However, they rarely involve bones with vertebral column. We hereby report a case of a female patient with cystic echinococcosis of...
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Hypersensitive Reaction to Praziquantel in a Clonorchiasis Patient

Lee JM, Lim HS, Hong ST

Praziquantel is the drug of choice for clonorchiasis. Since clonorchiasis is endemic in most river basins, praziquantel has been widely used for 30 years in Korea. A 54-year-old Korean woman...
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Two Cases of Human Thelaziasis and Brief Review of Korean cases

Sohn WM, Na BK, Yoo JM

The present study was performed to describe 2 cases of human thelaziasis (HT) which occurred in Gyeongsangnam- do and to briefly review the previously reported Korean cases. A 58-year old...
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In Vitro Effects of Some Herbs Used in Egyptian Traditional Medicine on Viability of Protoscolices of Hydatid Cysts

Yones DA, Taher GA, Ibraheim Z

The present work evaluated the effects of alcoholic extracts of salvia (Salvia officinalis), thyme (Thymus vulgaris), and 2 pure compounds (thymol and menthol) on the viability of Echinococcus granulosus protoscolices...
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Parasitic Helminth Cystatin Inhibits DSS-Induced Intestinal Inflammation Via IL-10+F4/80+ Macrophage Recruitment

Jang SW, Cho MK, Park MK, Kang SA, Na BK, Ahn SC, Kim DH, Yu HS

Many immune down-regulatory molecules have been isolated from parasites, including cystatin (cystain protease inhibitor). In a previous study, we isolated and characterized Type I cystatin (CsStefin-1) of the liver fluke,...
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Protease-Activated Receptor 2 Is Involved in Th2 Responses against Trichinella spiralis Infection

Park MK, Cho MK, Kang SA, Park HK, Kim YS, Kim KU, Ahn SC, Kim DH, Yu HS

In order to get a better understanding of the role of protease-activated receptor 2 (PAR2) in type 2 helper T (Th2) cell responses against Trichinella spiralis infection, we analyzed Th2...
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Non-specific Defensive Factors of the Pacific Oyster Crassostrea gigas against Infection with Marteilioides chungmuensis: A Flow-Cytometric Study

Choi HJ, Hwang JY, Choi DL, Huh MD, Hur YB, Lee NS, Seo JS, Kwon MG, Choi HS, Park MA

In order to assess changes in the activity of immunecompetency present in Crassostrea gigas infected with Marteilioides chungmuensis (Protozoa), the total hemocyte counts (THC), hemocyte populations, hemocyte viability, and phagocytosis...
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Expressed Sequence Tag Analysis of the Erythrocytic Stage of Plasmodium berghei

Seok JW, Lee YS, Moon EK, Lee JY, Jha BK, Kong HH, Chung DI, Hong Y

Rodent malaria parasites, such as Plasmodium berghei, are practical and useful model organisms for human malaria research because of their analogies to the human malaria in terms of structure, physiology,...
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