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Presyrinx Associated with Post-Traumatic Hydrocephalus Successfully Treated by Ventriculoperitoneal Shunt

Ha JH, Hwang SC

Presyrinx consists of reversible spinal cord swelling without frank cavitation, as observed on T2 weighted magnetic resonance imaging (MRI). The condition may evolve into syringomyelia, but timely surgical interventions have...
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Investigation of the Neuropathic Pain Caused by Syringomyelia Associated with Chiari I Malformation

Seki T, Hamauchi S, Yamazaki M, Hida K, Yano S, Houkin K

STUDY DESIGN: Retrospective cohort study. PURPOSE: To investigate the correlation between the syrinx morphology and neuropathic pain caused by syringomyelia associated with Chiari I malformation. OVERVIEW OF LITERATURE: Neuropathic pain caused by...
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Neural Axis Abnormalities in Patients With Adolescent Idiopathic Scoliosis: Is Routine Magnetic Resonance Imaging Indicated Irrespective of Curve Severity?

Fruergaard S, Ohrt-Nissen S, Dahl B, Kaltoft N, Gehrchen M

OBJECTIVE: Magnetic resonance imaging (MRI)-verified neural axis abnormalities (NAAs) have been described in adolescent idiopathic scoliosis (AIS), and several risk factors have been associated with the presence of NAAs in...
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The Transspinal Canal Screwing Technique for Atlantoaxial Anomalies: A Technical Note and 2 Case Reports

Takebayashi K, Kubota M, Yuzurihara M, Tachibana , Kawamata T

It is difficult to treat atlantoaxial instability in patients with a high-riding vertebral artery or anomalies of the craniocervical junction. We report 2 successful cases in which the transspinal canal...
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Anterior Retropharyngeal Cage Distraction and Fixation for Basilar Invagination: “The Wedge Technique”

Patkar S

OBJECTIVE: Surgery is indicated for basilar invagination (BI) in symptomatic patients. In many patients, symptoms and signs occur due to an upward-migrated and malaligned odontoid with fixed or mobile atlantoaxial...
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A Review of a New Clinical Entity of ‘Central Atlantoaxial Instability’: Expanding Horizons of Craniovertebral Junction Surgery

Goel A

The author discusses the novel form of central or axial atlantoaxial instability and analyses its clinical significance. High degree of clinical and radiological understanding of the region is mandatory to...
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Intraspinal Anomalies in Individuals with Scheuermann's Kyphosis: Is the Routine Use of Magnetic Resonance Imaging Necessary for Preoperative Evaluation?

Demiroz S, Ketenci IE, Yanik HS, Bayram S, Ur K, Erdem S

STUDY DESIGN: Retrospective study. PURPOSE: This study aimed to determine the incidence of intraspinal pathologies (ISPs) in individuals with Scheuermann’s kyphosis (SK) and to validate whether the routine use of magnetic...
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Idiopathic Cervicosyringomyelia in 2 year-old Boy

Cho YH, Kim H, Lim BC, Hwang H, Chae JH, Kim KJ, Choi JE, Shin SM

Syringomyelia is a disorder in which a cavity has formed within the spinal cord. Idiopathic syringomyelia is not associated with identifiable causes such as Chari type 1 malformation, spinal cord...
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Spinal cord stimulation for a patient with neuropathic pain related to congenital syringomyelia

Beyaz SG, Bal NS

No abstract available.
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Various MRI Findings of Spinal Ependymoma

Shin YJ, Lee E, Lee JW, Kang Y, Hyun SJ, Kim KJ, Jahng TA, Kim HJ, Kang HS

PURPOSE: To present the typical and atypical magnetic resonance image (MRI) findings of intramedullary spinal ependymomas, and compare these findings with pathological subtypes. MATERIALS AND METHODS: Between January 2003 to November...
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Surgical Management of Syringomyelia Associated with Spinal Adhesive Arachnoiditis, a Late Complication of Tuberculous Meningitis: A Case Report

Lee JS, Song GS, Son DW

Syringomyelia associated with tuberculous meningitis is an extremely rare condition. Only a few studies have reported clinical experience with syringomyelia as a late complication of tuberculous meningitis. Twenty-six years after...
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Surgical Outcome of Adult Idiopathic Chiari Malformation Type 1

Yuh WT, Kim CH, Chung CK, Kim HJ, Jahng TA, Park SB

OBJECTIVE: The pathophysiology of idiopathic Chiari malformation (CM) type 1 is disturbance of free cerebrospinal fluid (CSF) flow and restoration of normal CSF flow is the mainstay of treatment. Additional...
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Neuropathic Arthropathy of the Shoulder Associated with Cervical Syringomyelia: A Case Report

Park J, Im T, Moon J, Lee Y

Neuropathic shoulder arthropathy or Charcot's shoulder is an extremely rare disease, and sometimes it is associated with cervical syringomyelia. Clinical symptoms of the disease include edema of the shoulder and...
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Stereological and Morphometric Analysis of MRI Chiari Malformation Type-1

Alkoc OA, Songur A, Eser O, Toktas M, Gonul Y, Esi E, Haktanir A

OBJECTIVE: In this study, we aimed to investigate the underlying ethiological factors in chiari malformation (CM) type-I (CMI) via performing volumetric and morphometric length-angle measurements. METHODS: A total of 66 individuals...
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Foramen Magnum Decompression and Duraplasty is Superior to Only Foramen Magnum Decompression in Chiari Malformation Type 1 Associated with Syringomyelia in Adults

Gurbuz MS, Berkman MZ, Unal E, Akpinar E, Gok S, Orakdogen , Aydin S

STUDY DESIGN: Retrospective cohort study. PURPOSE: To compare surgical results of foramen magnum decompression with and without duraplasty in Chiari malformation type 1 (CM-1) associated syringomyelia (SM). OVERVIEW OF LITERATURE: The optimal...
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Prolonged Motor Weakness With Syringomyelia in Japanese Encephalitis: A Case Study

Kim YM, Kim Y, Oh J, Kim HR, Park JH

Japanese encephalitis (JE) shows characteristic brain lesions, including bilateral thalamus, midbrain, internal capsule, basal ganglia, and occasionally involves an anterior horn cell. We encountered a case of a 44-year-old man...
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Syringomyelia Associated with a Huge Retrocerebellar Arachnoid Cyst: A Case Report

Hue SB, Seong HY, Kwon SC, Lyo IU, Sim HB

Occasionally, a posterior fossa arachnoid cyst can induce compression of the spinal cord and cause syringomyelia. Here, we report the case of a 29-year-old man with both progressive shoulder pain...
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Intracranial Hypertension in a Patient with a Chiari Malformation Accompanied by Hyperthyroidism

Pang CH, Lee SE, Kim CH, Chung CK

The Chiari malformation is an infrequently detected congenital anomaly characterized by the downward displacement of the cerebellum with a tonsillar herniation below the foramen magnum that may be accompanied by...
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Craniovertebral Junction Instability: A Review of Facts about Facets

Goel A

Craniovertebral junction surgery involves an appropriate philosophical, biomechanical and anatomical understanding apart from high degree of technical skill and ability of controlling venous and arterial bleeding. The author presents his...
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Intradural Extramedullary Tuberculoma of the Spinal Cord Following Tuberculous Meningitis

Jeong DK, Kwon YM

Intradural extramedullary tuberculoma of the spinal cord (IETSC) is an uncommon disease which can occurs secondary to tuberculous meningitis. A 31-year-old woman was diagnosed as tuberculous meningitis after mental disorientation....
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