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Anticoccidial Activity of Berberine against Eimeria-Infected Chickens

Nguyen BT, Flores RA, Cammayo PLT, Kim S, Kim WH, Min W

Avian coccidiosis has a major economic impact on the poultry industry, it is caused by 7 species of Eimeria, and has been primarily controlled using chemotherapeutic agents. Due to the...
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Prognostic Prediction Based on Dynamic Contrast-Enhanced MRI and Dynamic Susceptibility Contrast-Enhanced MRI Parameters from Non-Enhancing, T2-High-Signal-Intensity Lesions in Patients with Glioblastoma

Jo SW, Choi SH, Lee EJ, Yoo RE, Kang KM, Yun TJ, Kim JH, Sohn CH

Objective: Few attempts have been made to investigate the prognostic value of dynamic contrast-enhanced (DCE) MRI or dynamic susceptibility contrast (DSC) MRI of non-enhancing, T2-high-signal-intensity (T2-HSI) lesions of glioblastoma multiforme...
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Polymorphisms in TYMS for Prediction of Capecitabine-Induced Hand-Foot Syndrome in Chinese Patients with Colorectal Cancer

Dong SQ, Wang TM, Zhang JB, He YQ, Xue WQ, Wu ZY, Yang DW, Cao LJ, Huang JW, Li XZ, Zhang PF, Zheng XH, Jia WH

Purpose Capecitabine is an extensively used oral prodrug of 5-fluorouracil in treatment of colon cancer and is known to cause hand-foot syndrome (HFS). As the target enzyme for capecitabine, thymidylate...
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Febrile urinary tract infection in children: changes in epidemiology, etiology, and antibiotic resistance patterns over a decade

Suh W, Kim BN, Kang HM, Yang EA, Rhim JW, Lee KY

Background: Understanding the epidemiology and prevalence of febrile urinary tract infection (fUTI) in children is important for risk stratification and selecting appropriate urine sample collection candidates to aid in its...
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In Vitro Activity of the Novel Tetracyclines, Tigecycline, Eravacycline, and Omadacycline, Against Moraxella catarrhalis

Sun X, Zhang B, Xu G, Chen J, Shang Y, Lin Z, Yu Z, Zheng J, Bai B

Background: Tigecycline, eravacycline, and omadacycline are recently developed tetracyclines. Susceptibility of microbes to these tetracyclines and their molecular mechanisms have not been well elucidated. We investigated the susceptibility of ...
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Respiratory Tract Bacterial Colonization in Long-Term Tracheostomized Pediatric Patients: Comparison between Sites and Two Different Timepoints

Han SH, Kim YS, Kwon SK

Background and Objectives Tracheostomy lead to persistent bacterial colonization of the respiratory tract. Surgical site infection and restenosis by the pathogenic bacteria is the most fatal complication after open airway...
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Antimicrobial Susceptibility Trends of Streptococcus pneumoniae by Age Groups Over Recent 10 Years in a Single Hospital in South Korea

Oh H, Heo ST, Kim M, Kim YR, Yoo JR

Purpose: Streptococcus pneumoniae (S. pneumoniae) causes respiratory tract infections. Its non-vaccine serotypes and multidrug-resistant pneumococcal diseases have increased during the post-pneumococcal vaccination era. Therefore, it is important to understand the...
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Nicotine Dependence and Stress Susceptibility in E-Cigarette Smokers: The Korea National Health and Nutrition Examination Survey 2013–2017

Kim JY, Kang HS, Jung JW, Jung SY, Park HJ, Park JS, Park JH, Lee SH, Chun EM, Park DI, Park J, Choi HS, on behalf of the Korean Smoking Cessation Study Group

Background: E-cigarettes are steadily gaining popularity in Korea. However, the characteristics of e-cigarette smokers, especially nicotine dependence and stress susceptibility, have not been evaluated in comparison to those of nonsmokers...
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Optic Tract Injury Caused by Subarachnoid Hemorrhage in Perimesencephalic Cistern

Lee SJ, Bae S, Kim HY

Purpose: A case of optic tract injury caused by subarachnoid hemorrhage in the perimesencephalic cistern is reported. Case summary: A 26-year-old female with a history of traumatic subdural hemorrhage along the...
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A Large-Scale, Stratified Genetic Analysis of the Major Histocompatibility Complex Region in Early- and LateOnset Psoriasis in China

Zhou Y, Cai M, Sheng Y, Zhang X

Background: Psoriasis vulgaris is a chronic inflammatory skin disease which occur at any age. It can be clinically classified into two age-onset subtypes: early-onset psoriasis (EOP;<40 years) and late-onset psoriasis...
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Research on zirconium alloys with low elastic modulus and low magnetic susceptibility for improving bone resorption and susceptibility artifacts

Lee CY, Kim CS, Ko YM

The objective of this study was to fabricate Zr-Cu alloys with low elastic modulus and low magnetic susceptibility for the use as the dental biomaterials. Metallic implants, such as stainless...
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Performance of Modified-EUCAST Rapid Direct Antimicrobial Susceptibility Testing on Clinical Urine Samples

Mugiraneza J, Kwon M, Kim D, Lee SG, Lee H, Yong D

Background: The rapid antimicrobial susceptibility testing (AST) performed on urine samples would guide the adequate choice of antibiotics for obtaining better treatment outcomes in patients. Our study aimed to evaluate...
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A Pathophysiological Perspective on COVID-19's Lethal Complication: From Viremia to Hypersensitivity Pneumonitis-like Immune Dysregulation

Sanchez-Gonzalez MA, Moskowitz D, Issuree PD, Yatzkan G, Rizvi SA, Day K

Severe acute respiratory syndrome coronavirus 2 (SARS-CoV-2), the coronavirus responsible for our recent coronavirus disease 2019 pandemic, is driving a lung immunopathology that strongly resembles a severe form of hypersensitivity...
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Determination of Colistin Resistance by Simple Disk Diffusion Test Using Modified Mueller-Hinton Agar

Uwizeyimana JD, Kim D, Lee H, Byun JH, Yong D

BACKGROUND: Colistin has become a last-resort antibiotic for the management of multidrug-resistant gram-negative bacteria. The disk diffusion test is cheap and easy to perform but may be unreliable for colistin...
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Antifungal Susceptibility Tests and the cyp51 Mutant Strains among Clinical Aspergillus fumigatus Isolates from Korean Multicenters

Won EJ, Joo MY, Lee D, Kim MN, Park YJ, Kim SH, Shin MG, Shin JH

We investigated the antifungal susceptibilities and the cyp51 mutant strains among Aspergillus fumigatus clinical isolates obtained from 10 university hospitals in Korea. Of the 84 isolates examined, two itraconazole-resistant isolates...
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Recent updates on the basic mechanisms and pathogenesis of inflammatory bowel diseases in experimental animal models

Mizoguchi , Low D, Ezaki Y, Okada T

The specific pathogenesis underlining inflammatory bowel disease (IBD) is very complicated, and it is further more difficult to clearly explain the pathophysiology of 2 major forms of IBD, Crohn’s disease...
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A Multicenter Study of Antifungal Use and Species Distribution and Antifungal Susceptibilities of Candida Isolates in South Korea

Shin JH, Won EJ, Kim SH, Shin JH, Lee D, Lee DH, Kim YA, Yi J, Shin JH, Shin KS, Jeong SH

Background: Candidiasis control should include monitoring the epidemiology and resistance to various antifungal agents. In this study, the researchers investigated the Candida species recovered from clinical specimens at particular geographic...
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Diagnostic Value of SusceptibilityWeighted MRI in Differentiating Cerebellopontine Angle Schwannoma from Meningioma

Seo M, Choi Y, Lee S, Kim Bs, Jang Jh, Shin NY, Jung SL, Ahn KJ

Background: Differentiation of cerebellopontine angle (CPA) schwannoma from meningioma is often a difficult process to identify. Purpose: To identify imaging features for distinguishing CPA schwannoma from meningioma and to investigate the...
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Clinical Characteristics and Antimicrobial Susceptibility of Elderly Women with Acute Pyelonephritis

Yun JK, Kim WB, Lee SW, Lee KW, Kim JM, Kim YH

Purpose: Acute pyelonephritis in older patients can lead to a poorer treatment response and prognosis. The objective of this study was to classify older female patients with acute pyelonephritis according...
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Age-related Clinical Analysis of Bacterial Keratitis in Daejeon and Chungcheong Provinces: a Multicenter Study

Yoon JS, Lee Ju, Lee J, Kim JE, Lee H, Kim HT, Cho KJ, Jung MS, Choi SH, Ko BY

Purpose: The purpose of this study was to investigate the age-related clinical features, risk factors, and prognoses of bacterial keratitis in Daejeon and Chungcheong provinces and the patterns and trends...
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