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Can Current Recommendations on Sun Exposure Sufficiently Increase Serum Vitamin D Level?: One-Month Randomized Clinical Trial

Lee YM, Kim SA, Lee DH

BACKGROUND: Lack of sunlight exposure is the primary reason for the worldwide epidemic of vitamin D deficiency. Although recommended sunlight exposure guidelines exist, there is no evidence regarding whether current...
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Nationwide Cross-sectional Study of Association between Pterygium and Alkaline Phosphatase in a Population from Korea

Kim HJ, Rah SH, Kim SW, Kim SH

PURPOSE: We determined whether elevated serum alkaline phosphatase (ALP) was related to prevalence, location, type, length, and recurrence of pterygium in a population from the Republic of Korea. METHODS: A nationwide...
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Correlation between Seasons, Climatic Factors and Acute Angle Closure Attack Incidence

Bang SR, Lee TE

PURPOSE: To investigate seasonal variations in the incidence of acute primary angle closure (PAC) attack and to identify climatic factors associated with the frequency of angle closure attack. METHODS: A retrospective...
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The Effect of Education and Vitamin D Supplementation on the Achievement of Optimal Vitamin D Level in Korean Postmenopausal Women

Lee CJ, Kim SS, Suh WY, Kim JS, Jung JG, Yoon SJ, Seo YR, Yang HJ

BACKGROUND: Despite daily vitamin D recommendations, women with osteoporosis may not achieve optimal 25-hydroxy-vitamin D (25[OH]D) levels. We retrospectively evaluated the effect of education and vitamin D supplementation (1,000 IU/day)...
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Urticaria: Classification and Diagnosis

Ye YM

Urticaria is a common cutaneous disease characterized by recurrent and transient wheals and pruritus, sometimes accompanied angioedema. The classification of urticaria is based on the duration of the disease and...
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Dietary Life, Vitamin D Status and Blood Clinical Indices of University Laboratory Workers

Hwang JH, Lee HM, Kim JH

OBJECTIVES: Although the number of laboratory workers is constantly increasing every year, few studies have been conducted on the health and nutritional status of these research workers. This study determined...
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Sunshine Policy for Internet Gaming

Chung MS

No abstract available.
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Relationship between occupational sunlight exposure and the incidence of renal cancer

Jang HS, Leem JH, Jeon SS, Park SG, Lee S, Kang Y, Choi G, Kim HD, Ju H, Jang SW, Won Y, Kim HC

BACKGROUND: The risk factors for renal cancer include smoking, obesity, hypertension, and exposure to trichloroethylene. Recent studies have shown that low sunlight exposure increases the risk of developing a range...
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Vitamin D and Metabolic Diseases: Growing Roles of Vitamin D

Park JE, Tirupathi Pichiah PB, Cha YS

Vitamin D, a free sunshine vitamin available for mankind from nature, is capable to avert many health-related critical circumstances. Vitamin D is no more regarded as a nutrient involved in...
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The impact of climate change on pollen allergy in Korea

Oh JW

Weather may alter the concentrations of pollens which can subsequently influence the occurrence of allergic diseases. Many studies have demonstrated that greenhouse gases increase pollen concentration. Daily fluctuations in the...
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Classification of Iris Colors and Patterns in Koreans

Jang H, Yoon J, Kim YJ, Park Y

OBJECTIVES: The iris is the part of the eye that is colored, and it is an important feature in making an artificial eye. To address the lack of information about...
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Comparison of Contrast Sensitivity and Color Vision according to the Different Illumination in Patients with Cataract

Yoon YS, Lee CK, Kang SO, Kim SW

PURPOSE: To compare the difference of contrast sensitivity and color vision in patients with cataracts under three illuminations (fluorescent light, three-wavelength light emitting diode [LED], and quantum dot LED). METHODS: Thirty...
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Disseminated Superficial Actinic Porokeratosis in a Patient with Psoriasis, after Long-Term Narrowband Ultraviolet B Phototherapy

Sim CY, Shin JY, Lee SY, Park YL

Porokeratosis is a rare epidermal disorder characterized by annular or linear hyperkeratotic plaques with slightly raised thread-like borders, and in most cases, atrophic centers. Disseminated superficial porokeratosis and disseminated superficial...
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Advanced Daily Prediction Model for National Suicide Numbers with Social Media Data

Lee KS, Lee H, Myung W, Song GY, Lee K, Kim H, Carroll BJ, Kim DK

OBJECTIVE: Suicide is a significant public health concern worldwide. Social media data have a potential role in identifying high suicide risk individuals and also in predicting suicide rate at the...
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Asymptomatic Hyperpigmentation without Preceding Inflammation as a Clinical Feature of Citrus Fruits-Induced Phytophotodermatitis

Choi JY, Hwang S, Lee SH, Oh SH

Phytophotodermatitis is a condition that occurs by contact with plants containing phototoxic agents such as furocoumarins and psoralens with subsequent ultraviolet exposure. Phytophotodermatitis typically presents as sharply defined erythematous patches...
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Development and validation of a sunlight exposure questionnaire for urban adult Filipinos

Yu MG, Castillo-Carandang N, Sison ME, Uy AB, Villarante KL, Maningat P, Paz-Pacheco E, Abesamis-Cubillan E

OBJECTIVES: To develop and validate a self-reported sunlight exposure questionnaire (SEQ) for urban adult Filipinos. METHODS: The study included adults (19–76 years old) in Metro Manila, Philippines, well-versed in the Filipino...
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Cytokeratin 20 negative Merkel cell carcinoma consistent with negative Merkel cell polyomavirus

Kwon O, Chung H, Park J

Merkel cell carcinoma (MCC) is a rare neuroendocrine tumor that is highly aggressive in nature and indolent in progression. The common risk factors for MCC are senility, prolonged exposure to...
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Hazards Caused by UV Rays of Xenon Light Based High Performance Solar Simulators

Dibowski G, Esser K

BACKGROUND: Solar furnaces are used worldwide to conduct experiments to demonstrate the feasibility of solar–chemical processes with the aid of concentrated sunlight, or to qualify high temperature-resistant components. In recent...
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Safety Evaluation of the Lighting at the Entrance of a Very Long Road Tunnel: A Case Study in Ilam

Mehri A, Hajizadeh , Farhang Dehghan S, Nassiri P, Jafari SM, Taheri F, Zakerian S

BACKGROUND: At the entrance of a tunnel, reflection of sunlight from the surrounding environment and a lack of adequate lighting usually cause some vision problems. The purpose of this study...
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Intense Pulsed Light and Q-Switched 1,064-nm Neodymium-Doped Yttrium Aluminum Garnet Laser Treatment for the Scarring Lesion of Discoid Lupus Erythematosus

Byun YS, Son JH, Cho YS, Chung BY, Cho HJ, Park CW, Kim HO

Discoid lupus erythematosus (DLE) is a chronic form of cutaneous lupus that can cause permanent scarring. Treatment of DLE includes protection from sunlight and artificial sources of ultraviolet light, as...
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