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Validation Study of Rajasekaran’s Kyphosis Classification System: Do We Clearly Understand Single- and Two-Column Deficiencies?

Shetty AP, Rajavelu R, Viswanathan VK, Watanabe K, Chhabra HS, Kanna RM, Cheung JPY, Hai Y, Kwan MK, Wong CC, Liu G, Basu S, Nene A, Naresh-Babu J, Garg B

Study Design: Multicenter validation study. Purpose: To evaluate the inter-rater reliability of Rajasekaran’s kyphosis classification through a multicenter validation study. Overview of Literature: The classification of kyphosis, developed by Rajasekaran, incorporates factors...
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The Transspinal Canal Screwing Technique for Atlantoaxial Anomalies: A Technical Note and 2 Case Reports

Takebayashi K, Kubota M, Yuzurihara M, Tachibana , Kawamata T

It is difficult to treat atlantoaxial instability in patients with a high-riding vertebral artery or anomalies of the craniocervical junction. We report 2 successful cases in which the transspinal canal...
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Ten-Year Results of Reconstruction for Rheumatoid Cervical Spine Lesions and Occurrence Factor of Subaxial Subluxation

Kurogochi , Takahashi , Uehara M, Ikegami S, Kuraishi S, Futatsugi , Oba H, Takizawa T, Munakata R, Hatakenaka T, Koseki M, Kato H

STUDY DESIGN: Retrospective chart review. PURPOSE: This study evaluated long-term surgical outcomes of computer-assisted reconstruction using transarticular or cervical pedicle screws for cervical spine lesions caused by advanced rheumatoid arthritis (RA). OVERVIEW...
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Autogenic Rib Graft for Atlantoaxial and Occipitocervical Fixation in Pediatric Patients

Matsumura , Namikawa T, Kato M, Hori Y, Iwamae M, Hidaka N, Konishi S, Nakamura H

STUDY DESIGN: Retrospective case series. PURPOSE: To evaluate surgical outcomes and effectiveness of an autogenic rib graft for upper cervical fixation in pediatric patients. OVERVIEW OF LITERATURE: Autogenic bone grafts have long...
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Temporary Haptic Externalization and Four-point Fixation of Intraocular Lens in Scleral Fixation to Enhance Stability

Shin JY, Choi SR, Jeon JH, Kang JW, Heo J

PURPOSE: To report the results of a new technique for intraocular lens scleral fixation of temporary haptic externalization and four-point fixation for enhanced stability. METHODS: Two 10–0 polypropylene strands were fixed...
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Arthroscopic Evaluation of Subluxation of the Long Head of the Biceps Tendon and Its Relationship with Subscapularis Tears

Koh KH, Kim SC, Yoo JC

BACKGROUND: The purpose of this study was to evaluate the angle between the long head of the biceps tendon (LHBT) and the glenoid during arthroscopic surgery and its correlation with...
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A Repair of Sagittal Band for Subluxation of the Extensor Tendons at the Metacarpophalangeal Joint

Lee HJ, Lee JK, Kim JW, Kim TS, Oh CH, Han SH

PURPOSE: Subluxation of the extensor tendon that result from sagittal band injury at the metacarpophalangeal (MCP) joint can lead to joint pain and limit the range of motion in fingers....
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A Case of Atlanto-Axial Joint Subluxation Following Tonsillectomy in Patient of Tonsillar Cancer with Preoperative Radiotherapy: Grisel's Syndrome

Choi YS, Bae CH, Kim YD, Song SY

Grisel's syndrome, defined as the atlanto-axial joint subluxation not associated with a trauma or bone disease, is a rare complication following operative procedure and/or infections of the upper aerodigestive tract....
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Suggestion of a Modified Reduction Maneuvers with Parents in the Pulled Elbow Children

Kim HY, Do HH, Seo JS, Oh KH, Kim H

PURPOSE: If radial head subluxation, otherwise known as pulled elbow, occurs, closed reduction can be used in simultaneous diagnosis and treatment of the child. As the guardian seldom understands the...
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Risk Factors for the Development and Progression of Atlantoaxial Subluxation in Surgically Treated Rheumatoid Arthritis Patients, Considering the Time Interval between Rheumatoid Arthritis Diagnosis and Surgery

Na MK, Chun HJ, Bak KH, Yi HJ, Ryu JI, Han MH

OBJECTIVE: Rheumatoid arthritis (RA) is a systemic disease that can affect the cervical spine, especially the atlantoaxial region. The present study evaluated the risk factors for atlantoaxial subluxation (AAS) development...
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Surgical Treatment for Atlanto-Occipital Subluxation due to Destructive Spondyloarthropathy in a Patient Undergoing Long-Term Hemodialysis

Wada K, Murata Y, Kato Y

Destructive spondyloarthropathy (DSA) has been reported in patients undergoing long-term hemodialysis. Cervical spinal lesions, including those of the upper cervical spine, are reported to be some of the most common....
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Successful Treatment of Occipital Radiating Headache Using Pulsed Radiofrequency Therapy

Lee SY, Jang DI, Noh C, Ko YK

Rheumatoid arthritis (RA) is a chronic inflammatory disease involving multiple joints. The cervical spine is often affected, and cases involving atlantoaxial joint can lead to instability. Anterior atlantoaxial subluxation in...
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Factors Associated with Post Stroke Shoulder Subluxation

Lee JH, Jeon WH, Jeong HJ, Kim GC, Sim YJ

OBJECTIVES: Shoulder subluxation is common complication after stroke. And it can result in delayed neurological recovery in hemiplegic stroke patients. The aim of this study is identifying the incidence and...
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Grisel's Syndrome Induced by Mycobacterium tuberculosis

Lee JK, Oh CH, Park HC, Yoon SH

Grisel's syndrome is a non-traumatic subluxation of the atlantoaxial joints, which is caused by an inflammatory process in the upper neck. It is rare to find literary reports of Grisel's...
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Modified Capsular Tension Ring Scleral Fixation and Toric Intraocular Lens Implantation in a Patient with Homocystinuria

Park DH, Chung JK

PURPOSE: Purpose: To report a case of modified capsular tension ring scleral fixation and in-the-bag toric intraocular lens (IOL) implantation in a pediatric patient with severe crystalline lens subluxation due...
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MRI of Spontaneous Reduction of an Entrapped Annular Ligament in an Atypical Pulled Elbow Patient: A Case Report

Park K, Kim TE, Cho YH, Yi JH

Pulled elbow is a common childhood injury, most frequently in under fives is usually caused by pulling on the child's arm or the forearm of a resisting child. It causes...
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A Morphologically Atypical Case of Atlantoaxial Rotatory Subluxation

Umebayashi D, Hara M, Nishimura , Wakabayashi T

A rare case of atlantoaxial rotatory subluxation occurred after pediatric cervical spine surgery performed to remove a dumbbell-shaped meningioma at the level of the C1/C2 vertebrae. This case is classified...
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Congenital Anomaly of the Atlas Misdiagnosed as Posterior Arch Fracture of the Atlas and Atlantoaxial Subluxation

Park Y, Kim SM, Lee YT, Yoo JH, Oh HC, Ha JW, Sung SY, Yoon HK, Chang JH, Jung JY

Partial or complete absence of the posterior arch of the atlas is a well-documented anomaly but a relatively rare condition. This condition is usually asymptomatic so most are diagnosed incidentally....
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Missed Detection of an Occipito-atlanto-axial Instability: A Case Report

Lee SM, Yoon KW

  • KMID: 1710041
  • J Korean Soc Traumatol.
  • 2014 Mar;27(1):1-4.
Occipito-atlanto-axial subluxation is a type of high cervical injury. Misdiagnosis of this instability might cause several complications, including neurologic deficits. A radiologic evaluation must be performed and specific parameters that...
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Effects of intertrochanteric varus osteotomy on Norberg angle and percent coverage of the femoral head in displastic dogs

Pinna S, Pizzuti E, Carli F

This study was conducted to assess the effects of femoral varus osteotomy on joint congruency in dogs affected by early stage hip dysplasia. Preoperative planning to move the femoral head...
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