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Current Update of Cartilage Regeneration Using Stem Cells in Osteoarthritis

Seon JK, Choi IS, Ko JW

Osteoarthritis is a disease characterized by the progression of articular cartilage erosion, that increases pain during joint motion and reduces the ability to withstand mechanical stress, which in turn limits...
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A novel cannula for uniform mixing of liquid substances

Kim SJ, Kim SM, Kim CK, Jo DI, Kim SH

Uniform mixing of liquid substances is difficult to attain. Recently, mixtures of fat and platelet-rich plasma (PRP) have been used extensively in autologous fat transfer. Although various methods have been...
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Update on dentin hypersensitivity: with the focus on hydrodynamic theory and mechanosensitive ion channels

Won J, Oh SB

Dentin hypersensitivity is an abrupt intense pain caused by innocuous stimuli to exposed dentinal tubules. Mechanosensitive ion channels have been assessed in dental primary afferent neurons and odontoblasts to explain...
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Ossification of the mamillo-accessory ligament: a review of the literature and clinical considerations

Dupont G, Yilmaz E, Iwanaga J, Oskouian R, Tubbs RS

Ossification of the mamillo-accessory ligament (MAL) is a misunderstood phenomenon; however, many have posited that it can result in nerve entrapment of the medial branch of the dorsal ramus causing...
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Angiopoietin-Like Protein 2 Induces Synovial Inflammation in the Facet Joint Leading to Degenerative Changes via Interleukin-6 Secretion

Sugimoto K, Nakamura T, Tokunaga T, Uehara Y, Okada T, Taniwaki T, Fujimoto T, Oike Y, Nakamura E

STUDY DESIGN: Experimental human study. PURPOSE: To determine whether angiopoietin-like protein 2 (ANGPTL2) is highly expressed in the hyperplastic facet joint (FJ) synovium and whether it activates interleukin-6 (IL-6) secretion in...
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Localization of Atypical Femoral Fracture on Straight and Bowed Femurs

Park YC, Yoon SP, Yang KH

BACKGROUND: To elucidate the effect of anterolateral bowing on the fracture height of atypical femoral fractures (AFFs), we separated the AFFs into 2 groups according to the presence of anterolateral...
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Subtrochanteric Fracture Reduction during Intramedullary Nailing: Technical Note

Kong GM

The subtrochanteric area is the place where mechanical stress is most concentrated in the femur. When a fracture happens, bone union is delayed and nonunion often occurs. The recommended treatment...
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Biomechanical Analysis of Femoral Diaphyseal Cross-sectional Properties from the Three Kingdoms Period Populations, Korea

Woo EJ, Jung H

The purpose of this research is to examine and report the biomechanical characteristics of the past populations that lived in different environments during the Three Kingdom Period of ancient Korea....
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Development of the pulmonary pleura with special reference to the lung surface morphology: a study using human fetuses

Yamamoto M, Wilting J, Abe H, Murakami G, Rodríguez-Vázquez JF, Abe SI

In and after the third trimester, the lung surface is likely to become smooth to facilitate respiratory movements. However, there are no detailed descriptions as to when and how the...
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Negative Pressure Pulmonary Hemorrhage after Laryngospasm during the Postoperative Period

Han IS, Han BM, Jung SY, Yoon JR, Chung EY

Negative pressure pulmonary hemorrhage (NPPH) is an uncommon complication of upper airway obstruction. Severe negative intrathoracic pressure after upper airway obstruction can increase pulmonary capillary mural pressure, which results in...
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Biomechanical Comparison Study of Three Fixation Methods for Proximal Chevron Osteotomy of the First Metatarsal in Hallux Valgus

Kim JS, Cho HK, Young KW, Kim JS, Lee KT

BACKGROUND: Fixation of proximal chevron metatarsal osteotomy has been accomplished using K-wires traditionally and with a locking plate recently. However, both methods have many disadvantages. Hence, we developed an intramedullary...
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Pacinian corpuscle-like structure in the digital tendon sheath and nail bed: a study using late-stage human fetuses

Kim JH, Sakanaka K, Tomita N, Murakami G, Abe H, Abe S

Pacinian corpuscle-like structures were identified in the digital tendon sheaths and nail beds of hands obtained from eight of 12 human fetuses of gestational age 20–34 weeks (crown-rump length, 150–290...
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Analysis of the Relationship between Ligamentum Flavum Thickening and Lumbar Segmental Instability, Disc Degeneration, and Facet Joint Osteoarthritis in Lumbar Spinal Stenosis

Yoshiiwa T, Miyazaki M, Notani N, Ishihara T, Kawano M, Tsumura H

STUDY DESIGN: Cross-sectional study. PURPOSE: To investigate the relationship between ligamentum flavum (LF) thickening and lumbar segmental instability and disc degeneration and facet joint osteoarthritis. OVERVIEW OF LITERATURE: Posterior spinal structures, including...
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Ethanol Extract of Cirsium japonicum var. ussuriense Kitamura Exhibits the Activation of Nuclear Factor Erythroid 2-Related Factor 2-dependent Antioxidant Response Element and Protects Human Keratinocyte HaCaT Cells Against Oxidative DNA Damage

Yoo OK, Choi BY, Park JO, Lee JW, Park BK, Joo CG, Heo HJ, Keum YS

Keratinocytes are constantly exposed to extracellular insults, such as ultraviolet B, toxic chemicals and mechanical stress, all of which can facilitate the aging of keratinocytes via the generation of intracellular...
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Adjacent Segment Pathology after Lumbar Spinal Fusion

Lee JC, Choi SW

One of the major clinical issues encountered after lumbar spinal fusion is the development of adjacent segment pathology (ASP) caused by increased mechanical stress at adjacent segments, and resulting in...
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Influence of Parent Artery Segmentation and Boundary Conditions on Hemodynamic Characteristics of Intracranial Aneurysms

Hua Y, Oh JH, Kim YB

PURPOSE: The purpose of this study is to explore the influence of segmentation of the upstream and downstream parent artery and hemodynamic boundary conditions (BCs) on the evaluated hemodynamic factors...
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Single Nucleotide Polymorphism in Patients with Moyamoya Disease

Park YS

Moyamoya disease (MMD) is a chronic, progressive, cerebrovascular occlusive disorder that displays various clinical features and results in cerebral infarct or hemorrhagic stroke. Specific genes associated with the disease have...
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Pathogenesis of Ankylosing Spondylitis

Kim HW, Lee SH

Ankylosing spondylitis (AS) is the prototype of spondyloarthritis which shares complex clinical phenotypes and risk factors, both genetic and environmental with other chronic inflammatory disease, e.g. inflammatory bowel disease. Human...
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Comparison of three skin-stretching devices for closing skin defects on the limbs of dogs

Tsioli V, Papazoglou LG, Papaioannou N, Psalla D, Savvas I, Pavlidis L, Karayannopoulpou M

Our objective was to evaluate the effectiveness of skin-stretching devices for closing defects on the extremities of dogs. Antebrachial skin defects were created on the limbs of 24 dogs randomly...
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Finite Element Analysis for Comparison of Spinous Process Osteotomies Technique with Conventional Laminectomy as Lumbar Decompression Procedure

Kim HJ, Chun HJ, Kang KT, Lee HM, Chang BS, Lee CK, Yeom JS

PURPOSE: The purpose of this study was to evaluate and compare the biomechanical behavior of the lumbar spine after posterior decompression with the spinous process osteotomy (SPiO) technique or the...
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