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Effect of Saccharomyces boulardii CNCM-I 3799 and Bacillus subtilis CU-1 on Acute Watery Diarrhea: A Randomized Double-Blind PlaceboControlled Study in Indian Children

Ghosh A, Sundaram B, Bhattacharya P, Mohanty N, Dheivamani N, Mane S, Acharyya B, Kamale V, Poddar S, Khobragade A, Thomas W, Prabhudesai S, Choudhary A, Mitra M

Purpose: To assess the effect of combination probiotic Saccharomyces boulardii CNCM-I 3799 and Bacillus subtilis CU-1 in outpatient management of acute watery diarrhea in children. Methods: A randomized double-blind placebo-controlled study...
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Blastocystis species and Gastrointestinal Symptoms in Peruvian Adults Attended in a Public Hospital

Robles-Cabrera MX, Maguiña JL, Gonzales-Huerta L, Panduro-Correa V, Dámaso-Mata B, Pecho-Silva S, Navarro-Solsol AC, Rabaan AA, Rodríguez-Morales AJ, Arteaga-Livias K

The objective of this study was to evaluate the role of Blastocystis sp. in gastrointestinal symptoms reported by adult patients in a Peruvian hospital. A case-control 3:1 study was performed...
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Real Time Versus Photographic Assessment of Stool Consistency Using the Brussels Infant and Toddler Stool Scale: Are They Telling Us the Same?

Aman BA, Levy EI, Hofman B, Vandenplas Y, Huysentruyt K

Purpose: Digital communication is becoming increasingly important in clinical practice and research. The finding that stool consistency can be evaluated similarly using either “in vivo” or photographic material by health...
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Noninvasive Helicobacter pylori Diagnostic Methods in Indonesia

Miftahussurur M

Although the prevalence of Helicobacter pylori infection in Indonesia is lower than that in other countries, H. pylori is still an essential pathogen associated with severe gastric mucosal damage and...
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Donor Screening for Fecal Microbiota Transplantation

Lee HH, Cho YS

Fecal microbiota transplantation (FMT), which has been established as the standard treatment for recurrent Clostroides difficile infection, may also play a role in the management of other diseases associated with...
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A Case of COVID-19 in a 45-Day-Old Infant with Persistent Fecal Virus Shedding for More Than 12 Weeks

Cho SM, Ha GY

In this report, we describe the case of a SARS-CoV-2 infection (COVID-19) in an infant with mild fever and diarrhea in the absence of respiratory distress. A 45-day-old male infant...
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Evaluating Diagnostic Tests for Helicobacter pylori Infection Without a Reference Standard: Use of Latent Class Analysis

Jekarl DW, Choi H, Kim JY, Lee S, Gweon TG, Lee HK, Kim Y

Evaluation of diagnostic tests requires reference standards, which are often unavailable. Latent class analysis (LCA) can be used to evaluate diagnostic tests without reference standards, using a combination of observed...
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Analyzing Patterns for Stool Culture Requests by Physicians to Improve Quality

Shin H, Kim S

Although international clinical guidelines generally recommend bacterial stool cultures for patients with acute diarrhea, stool cultures are frequently being requested by physicians regardless of the likelihood of a bacterial infection....
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Two cases of cholera O1 in South Batinah, Oman, April 2019: lessons learned

Al Mayahi , Al-Shaqsi , Elmutashi , Al-Dhoyani A, Al Hattali A, Salim K, Al Fulaiti IS, Al Subhi M

Cholera represents an ongoing threat to many low-income and middle-income countries, but some cases of cholera even occur in high-income countries. Therefore, to prevent or combat cholera outbreaks, it is...
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Multicenter Study on the Association of Positive Helicobacter pylori Stool Antigen to Anemia in Children

Sung H, Kim MN, Yong D, Lee M, Lee J, Lee MK, Chae HS, Lee HK, Helicobacter Study Group

BACKGROUND: Helicobacter pylori infection in children causes gastrointestinal symptoms and iron deficiency anemia. This study aimed to investigate trends in H. pylori stool antigen (HpSA) positivity in children and the...
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Characteristics of Helicobacter pylori-seropositive subjects according to the stool antigen test findings: a prospective study

Moon HW, Lee SY, Hur M, Yun YM

BACKGROUND/AIMS: In countries with a higher risk of gastric atrophic gastritis, noninvasive tests are helpful for a more reliable diagnosis of Helicobacter pylori infection. The aim of this study was...
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Infections of Soil-Transmitted Helminth in Refugees from North Korea

Lee YI, Seo M, Kim SB

Soil-transmitted helminthiases (STH) are now no longer public health problems in the Republic of Korea (South Korea), but their status are unavailable in the residents of North Korea (NK) despite...
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Usefulness of Assessment of Stool Form by the Modified Bristol Stool Form Scale in Primary Care Pediatrics

Gulati R, Komuravelly A, Leb S, Mhanna MJ, Ghori A, Leon J, Needlman R

PURPOSE: Rome criteria are considered the gold standard for diagnosing functional constipation. The modified Bristol stool form scale (m-BSFS) was validated to measure stool form in children. However, neither the...
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Internal Quality Assurance Status of Stool Examination as Assessed by a Questionnaire in Korean Clinical Laboratories

Kwon YJ, Won EJ, Kee SJ, Kim SH, Shin MG, Shin JH, Suh SP

This study aimed to survey the status of quality control (QC) assurance for stool examinations at clinical laboratories in Korea. We sent a questionnaire related to QC practices in stool...
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Prediction of Delayed Colonic Transit Using Bristol Stool Form and Stool Frequency in Eastern Constipated Patients: A Difference From the West

Jaruvongvanich V, Patcharatrakul T, Gonlachanvit S

  • KMID: 2395425
  • J Neurogastroenterol Motil.
  • 2017 Oct;23(4):561-568.
  • doi: 10.5056/jnm17022
BACKGROUND/AIMS: The correlation between the Bristol stool form scale (BSFS) and colonic transit time (CTT) has been reported in Western populations. Our study aims to study the relationship between BSFS,...
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Updates on the Diagnosis of Helicobacter pylori Infection in Children: What Are the Differences between Adults and Children?

Yang HR

Helicobacter pylori infection is acquired mainly during childhood and causes various diseases such as gastritis, peptic ulcer disease, mucosa-associated lymphoid tissue (MALT) lymphoma, and iron deficiency anemia. Although H. pylori...
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Detection of Helicobacter felis in a cat with gastric disease in laboratory animal facility

Hong S, Chung Y, Kang WG, Kim O

A 3-month-old male cat in the animal facility was presented for investigation of anorexia and occasional vomiting. We collected the specimens from gastroscopic biopsy and stool collection. The gastroscopic biopsy...
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Colorectal Cancer Screening: Stool DNA and Other Noninvasive Modalities

Bailey JR, Aggarwal A, Imperiale

Colorectal cancer screening dates to the discovery of pre-cancerous adenomatous tissue. Screening modalities and guidelines directed at prevention and early detection have evolved and resulted in a significant decrease in...
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Multiplex-Touchdown PCR to Simultaneously Detect Cryptosporidium parvum, Giardia lamblia, and Cyclospora cayetanensis, the Major Causes of Traveler's Diarrhea

Shin JH, Lee SE, Kim TS, Ma DW, Chai JY, Shin EH

This study aimed to develop a multiplex-touchdown PCR method to simultaneously detect 3 species of protozoan parasites, i.e., Cryptosporidium parvum, Giardia lamblia, and Cyclospora cayetanensis, the major causes of traveler’s...
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Comparison of three diagnostic assays for the identification of Helicobacter spp. in laboratory dogs

Hong S, Chung Y, Kang WG, Choi YS, Kim O

A number of Helicobacter species may confound experimental data because of their association with disease progressing in various kinds of laboratory animals. Screening of Helicobacter species is particularly desirable, because...
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