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Pulmonary functions of patients with isolated mandibular fractures: a preliminary report

Famurewa B, Oginni FO, Aregbesola SB, Erhabor GE

OBJECTIVES: The aim of this study was to evaluate pulmonary function in patients with mandibular fractures and to determine the pattern of pulmonary functions in these patients. MATERIALS AND METHODS: This...
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Fractional exhaled nitric oxide and forced expiratory volume in 1 second/forced vital capacity have predictive value of asthma exacerbation in Korean school children

Kang MG, Yoon SA, Sim JH, Woo SI

BACKGROUND: The incidence of asthma exacerbation (AE) and the predictive value of spirometry and fractional exhaled nitric oxide (FeNO) in school children have not been evaluated. OBJECTIVE: We sought to evaluate...
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Forced oscillation technique as a predictor for loss of control in asthmatic children

Kreetapirom P, Kiewngam P, Jotikasthira W, Kamchaisatian W, Benjaponpitak S, Manuyakorn W

BACKGROUND: A reliable objective tool using as a predictor of asthma control status could assist asthma management. OBJECTIVE: To find the parameters of forced oscillation technique (FOT) as predictors for the...
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Circulating MicroRNAs and T-Cell Cytokine Expression Are Associated With the Characteristics of Asthma Exacerbation

Wardzyńska A, Pawełczyk M, Rywaniak J, Kurowski M, Makowska J, Kowalski M

PURPOSE: Immunological mechanisms underlying asthma exacerbation have not been elucidated. The aim of this study was to assess the associations of various asthma exacerbation traits with selected serum microRNA (miRNA)...
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Waist Circumference and Spirometric Measurements in Chronic Obstructive Pulmonary Disease

Foumani AA, Neyaragh M, Ranjbar ZA, Leyli EK, Ildari S, Jafari A

OBJECTIVES: The aim of this study was to evaluate whether the waist circumference of patients with chronic obstructive pulmonary disease (COPD), had an impact on lung function. METHODS: There were 180...
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Indoor pet ownership in infancy is a risk factor for the development of sensitization to pets and asthma in childhood

Jung S, Noh SR, Lee SY, Yoon J, Cho HJ, Kim YH, Suh DI, Yang SI, Kwon JW, Jang GC, Sun YH, Woo SI, Youn YS, Park KS, Lee E, Cho HJ, Kook MH, Yi HR, Chung HL, Kim JH, Kim HY, Jung JA, Woo HO, Hong SJ

PURPOSE: It is controversial whether indoor pet exposure is either a risk or protective factor developing sensitization to pet allergens or asthma. Therefore, we investigated whether indoor pet ownership entails...
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Usefulness of bronchodilator response as an index of asthma control in children

Kim JD, Kim SY, Kim YH, Kim KW, Sohn MH, Sol IS

PURPOSE: Assessing asthma control is important for proper management, and various indices for objective assessment of asthma control, such as fractional exhaled nitric oxide (FeNO) and asthma control test (ACT)...
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Central Hypoventilation Syndrome in Posterior Circulation Stroke Treated by Respiratory Rehabilitation: a Case Report

Kim MG, Sul B, Hong BY, Kim JS, Lim SH

Central hypoventilation syndrome is a rare and fatal condition resulting from various central nervous system disorders that is characterized by a failure of automatic breathing. We report a case of...
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Association of Lung Function with Serum 25-Hydroxyvitamin D Level according to the Presence of Past Pulmonary Tuberculosis in Korean Adults

Kim MS, Choi CJ, Kwon KM, Kim KS, Choi WS, Oh YJ

BACKGROUND: Vitamin D deficiency is associated with an increased risk of pulmonary tuberculosis (PTB) infection and the treatment outcome. The aim of this study was to examine the relationship between...
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The Relationship between Pulmonary Function and Serum Uric Acid Level in the Korean Population

Kim GT, Sull JW

BACKGROUND: Forced vital capacity (FVC), forced expiratory volume in the first second (FEV₁), and the ratio of FEV₁ to FVC (FEV₁/FVC) are considered as the major spirometry parameters. Serum uric...
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Prediction of early postoperative desaturation in extreme older patients after spinal anesthesia for femur fracture surgery: a retrospective analysis

Jo YY, Park CG, Lee JY, Kwon SK, Kwak HJ

BACKGROUND: Postoperative desaturation in older individuals is rarely addressed in the literature. The objective of this retrospective study was to investigate whether a preoperative spirometric test and arterial blood gas...
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Validation of Previous Spirometric Reference Equations and New Equations

Choi HS, Park YB, Yoon HK, Lim SY, Kim TH, Park JH, Lee WY, Park SJ, Lee SW, Kim WJ, Kim KU, Shin KC, Kim DJ, Kim TE, Yoo KH, Shim JJ, Hwang YI

BACKGROUND: Pulmonary functions are interpreted using predicted values from reference equations that vary with ethnicity, gender, age, height, and weight. The universally used Choi's reference equations are not validated for...
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Value of Exhaled Nitric Oxide and FEF(25–75) in Identifying Factors Associated With Chronic Cough in Allergic Rhinitis

Liu X, Wang X, Yao X, Wang Y, Sun Y, Zhang L

PURPOSE: Chronic cough in allergic rhinitis (AR) patients is common with multiple etiologies including cough variant asthma (CVA), non-asthmatic eosinophilic bronchitis (NAEB), gastroesophageal reflux-related cough (GERC), and upper airway cough...
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Association between blood pressure, inflammation and spirometry parameters in chronic obstructive pulmonary disease

Arslan S, Yildiz G, Özdemir L, Kaysoydu E, Özdemir B

BACKGROUND/AIMS: Many systems including the cardiovascular system (ischemic heart diseases, heart failure, and hypertension) may act as comorbidities that can be seen during the course of chronic obstructive pulmonary disease...
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School-aged asthma children with high fractional exhaled nitric oxide levels and lung dysfunction are at high risk of prolonged lung dysfunction

Saito M, Kikuchi Y, Lefor AK

BACKGROUND: Long-term management of bronchial asthma based on the fractional exhaled nitric oxide (FeNO) value alone is not conclusive yet. Therefore, we combined FeNO testing and spirometry, a commonly used...
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Biomarkers for Recurrent Wheezing and Asthma in Preschool Children

Lee YJ, Fujisawa T, Kim CK

Wheezing is one of the characteristic symptoms of asthma, but all preschool children with wheezing are not diagnosed with asthma. Preschool children are not cooperative enough to participate in spirometry...
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The diagnosis of chronic obstructive pulmonary disease according to current guidelines

Kim HJ, Oh YM

Chronic obstructive pulmonary disease (COPD) should be considered in any patient who has dyspnea, chronic cough or sputum production, and/or a history of exposure to risk factors for the disease,...
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Prevalence, Risk Factors and Cutoff Values for Bronchial Hyperresponsiveness to Provocholine in 7-Year-Old Children

Jung S, Suh DI, Lee SY, Yoon J, Cho HJ, Kim YH, Yang SI, Kwon JW, Jang GC, Sun YH, Woo SI, Youn YS, Park KS, Cho HJ, Kook MH, Yi HR, Chung HL, Kim JH, Kim HY, Jung JA, Woo HO, Hong SJ

BACKGROUND: A US Food and Drug Administration (FDA)-approved drug methacholine chloride (Provocholine®) was recently introduced to Korea where it is now widely used in clinical practice. We aimed to evaluate...
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Motor and Sensory Function as a Predictor of Respiratory Function Associated With Ventilator Weaning After High Cervical Cord Injury

Kim TW, Yang JH, Huh SC, Koo BI, Yoon JA, Lee JS, Ko HY, Shin YB

OBJECTIVE: To analyze the respiratory function of high cervical cord injury according to ventilator dependence and to examine the correlations between diaphragm movement found on fluoroscopy and sensory and motor...
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Elderly asthma

Oh YM

Asthma in the elderly tends to be underdiagnosed and undertreated despite its high morbidity and mortality. The diagnosis and management of asthma in the elderly is essentially the same as...
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