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Comparison of Inflammatory Markers Changes in Patients Who Used Postoperative Prophylactic Antibiotics within 24 Hours after Spine Surgery and 5 Days after Spine Surgery

Youn G, Choi MK, Kim SB

Objective : C-reactive protein (CRP) level, erythrocyte sedimentation rate (ESR), and white blood cell (WBC) count are inflammatory markers used to evaluate postoperative infections. Although these markers are non-specific, understanding...
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Comparison of Whole Spine Sagittal Alignment in Patients with Spinal Disease between EOS Imaging System versus Conventional Whole Spine X-ray

Jang HJ, Park JY, Kuh SU, Ha Y, Chin DK, Kim KS, Cho YE, Kim KH

Purpose: The biplanar whole body imaging system (EOS) is a new tool for measuring the whole body sagittal alignment in a limited space. This tool may affect the sagittal balance...
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Risk Factors for Reduction of Facet Joint Dislocation by Preoperative Traction in Distractive-Flexion Injury of the Lower Cervical Spine

Kim TH, Kim MW, Song WB, Ko JH, Song KJ

Purpose: The treatment strategy of Distractive-Flexion Injury (DFI) depends on the preoperative reduction, and anterior surgery is usually sufficient for closely reduced DFI. In contrast, reduction-failed injuries should be reduced...
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Single-Stage Posterior Approach for the En Bloc Resection and Spinal Reconstruction of T4 Pancoast Tumors Invading the Spine

Wang Z, Truong VT, Liberman M, Al-Shakfa F, Yuh SJ, Soder SA, Wu J, Sunna T, Renaud-Charest , Boubez G, Shedid D

Study Design: Retrospective cohort study. Purpose: This study aimed to evaluate the outcomes of patients who had T4 Pancoast tumors invading the spine and underwent en bloc resection and spinal stabilization...
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Functional Outcome after Spinal Meningioma Surgery

Jecko V, Loit MP, Houston D, Champeaux-Depond C

Study Design: A multicenter cross-sectional analytical retrospective study. Purpose: To assess functional outcome (FO) after a spinal meningioma (SM) surgery. Overview of Literature: All studies report functional improvement after SM removal. Methods:...
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Trends in the Charges and Utilization of Computer-Assisted Navigation in Cervical and Thoracolumbar Spinal Surgery

Dominy CL, Tang JE, Arvind V, Cho BH, Selverian S, Shah KC, Kim JS, Cho SK

Study Design: Retrospective national database study. Purpose: This study is conducted to assess the trends in the charges and usage of computer-assisted navigation in cervical and thoracolumbar spinal surgery. Overview of Literature:...
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Analgesic Effect of Intravenous Nefopam for Postoperative Pain in Minimally Invasive Spine Surgery: A Randomized Prospective Study

Chalermkitpanit P, Limthongkul W, Yingsakmongkol W, Thepsoparn M, Pannangpetch P, Tangchitcharoen N, Tanasansomboon T, Singhatanadgige W

Study Design: Randomized double-blind control study. Purpose: To evaluate the effects of nefopam on reducing morphine consumption and postoperative pain in patients undergoing minimally invasive spine surgery (MISS) and to evaluate...
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Biomechanical Study of Cervical Endplate Removal on Subsidence and Migration in Multilevel Anterior Cervical Discectomy and Fusion

Lin M, Paul R, Shapiro SZ, Doulgeris J, O’Connor TE, Tsai CT, Vrionis FD

Study Design: This study compares four cervical endplate removal procedures, validated by finite element models. Purpose: To characterize the effect of biomechanical strength and increased contact area on the maximum von...
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Patterns of Traumatic Spinal Injuries in the Developing World: A Five-Year Longitudinal Review

Kanna RM, Peddireddy S, Shetty AP, Rajasekaran S

Study Design: Retrospective review. Purpose: A 5-year longitudinal study documenting and comparing patterns of traumatic spinal injuries (TSIs) observed in developing countries. Overview of Literature: Current knowledge of the patterns and epidemiology...
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Sagittal Parameters of Spine and Pelvis in Young Adults Using the EOS Imaging System: Prospective Study of 92 Asymptomatic Subjects

Heo YM, Kim TK, Jang MG, Choi JK

Study Design: This study adopted a prospective study design to evaluate the sagittal parameters of the spine and pelvis in young adults using the EOS imaging system. Purpose: This study was...
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Hip Extensor Strength Influences Dynamic Postural Changes during Gait in Patients with Adult Spinal Deformity: A Cross-Sectional Study Using Three-Dimensional Motion Analysis

Sato K, Tominaga R, Endo T, Miura T, Iwabuchi M, Ito T, Shirado O

Study Design: Single-hospital cross-sectional study. Purpose: The aim of the present study was to investigate the physical functions influencing dynamic postural change in patients with adult spinal deformity (ASD). Overview of Literature:...
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Risk Factors of Unplanned Readmission after Anterior Cervical Discectomy and Fusion: A Systematic Review and Meta-Analysis

Lee YJ, Cho PG, Kim KN, Kim SH, Noh SH

Purpose: With an increasing number of anterior cervical discectomy and fusion (ACDF) being conducted for degenerative cervical disc disease, there is a rising interest in the related quality of management...
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A Nationwide Study on the Impact of COVID-19 Pandemic on Volume of Spine Surgery in South Korea

Lee MH, Park HR, Chang JC, Park HK, Lee GS

Objective : In March 2020, World Health Organization declared a global pandemic caused by a novel coronavirus (SARS-CoV-2). The disease caused by this virus is called COVID-19. Due to its...
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Comparison of the Clinical Efficacy of Transforaminal Endoscopy and Microtubular Technology for the Treatment of Lumbar Dumbbell-Shaped Tumors

Wang R, Liang ZY, Chen Y, Chen CM

Objective: To analyze differences in feasibility and efficacy between the paravertebral approach and microtubular tumorectomy (PAMT) or percutaneous transforaminal endoscopic tumorectomy (PTET) for the treatment of lumbar dumbbell-shaped tumors. Methods: Clinical...
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Is It Cost Effective to Obtain Fungal and Acid-Fast Bacillus Cultures during Spine Debridement?

Lambrechts MJ, Clair DDS, Li J, Cook JL, Spence BS, Leary EV, Choma TJ, Moore DK, Goldstein CL

Study Design: Retrospective study. Purpose: To identify the rate of positive acid-fast bacillus (AFB) and fungal cultures during spine debridement, determine whether these infections are more common in certain spine segments,...
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Early Postoperative Loss of Disc Height Following Transforaminal and Lateral Lumbar Interbody Fusion: A Radiographic Analysis

Kaliya-Perumal AK, Soh TLT, Tan M, Oh JYL

Study Design: Retrospective comparative radiological study. Purpose: To analyze the difference in early disc height loss following transforaminal and lateral lumbar interbody fusion (TLIF and LLIF). Overview of Literature: Minimal disc height...
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Incidence of Dural Tears in Open versus Minimally Invasive Spine Surgery: A Single-Center Prospective Study

Sharma A, Shakya A, Singh V, Deepak P, Mangale N, Jaiswal A, Marathe N

Study Design: A prospective comparative study. Purpose: To compare the incidence of unintended durotomy and return to work after open surgery versus minimally invasive spine surgery (MIS) for degenerative lumbar pathologies. Overview...
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Minimally Invasive versus Open Surgery for Spinal Metastasis: A Systematic Review and Meta-Analysis

Hinojosa-Gonzalez DE, Roblesgil-Medrano A, Villarreal-Espinosa JB, Tellez-Garcia E, Bueno-Gutierrez LC, Rodriguez-Barreda JR, Flores-Villalba E, Martinez HR, Benvenutti-Regato M, Figueroa-Sanchez JA

Bones are the third most common location for solid tumor metastasis affecting up to 10% of patients with solid tumors. When the spine is involved, thoracic and lumbar vertebrae are...
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Evaluation of the efficacy and safety of epidural steroid injection using a nonparticulate steroid, dexamethasone or betamethasone: a double-blind, randomized, crossover, clinical trial

Lee GY, Lee JW, Lee E, Yeom JS, Kim KJ, Shin HI, Kang HS

Background: The U.S. Food and Drug Administration has prohibited epidural steroid injection (ESI) with particulate steroids. Thus, this study aimed to compare the efficacy and safety of ESI with two...
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What Affects Segmental Lordosis of the Surgical Site after Minimally Invasive Transforaminal Lumbar Interbody Fusion?

Kim SH, Hahn BS, Park JY

Purpose: This study was undertaken to identify factors that affect segmental lordosis (SL) after minimally invasive transforaminal lumbar interbody fusion (MIS-TLIF) by comparing patients whose postoperative SL increased with those...
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