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3D motion analysis of cervical spine joints of dental hygiene students and dental hygienists during scaling operation

Lee KY, Kim JH

Objectives: This study aimed to objectively evaluate factors associated with musculoskeletal disorders by measuring the range of motion of the cervical spine. Using three-dimensional motion analysis, the degree of flexion,...
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Be Prepared: Preoperative Coronal Malalignment Often Leads to More Extensive Surgery Than Sagittal Malalignment During Adult Spinal Deformity Surgery

Zuckerman SL, Lai CS, Shen Y, Kerolus MG, Ha AS, Buchanan IA, Lee NJ, Leung E, Cerpa M, Lehman RA, Lenke LG

Objective: To evaluate the effect of coronal alignment on: (1) surgical invasiveness and operative complexity and (2) postoperative complications. Methods: A retrospective, cohort study of adult spinal deformity patients was conducted....
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Lordosis Distribution Index in Short-Segment Lumbar Spine Fusion – Can Ideal Lordosis Reduce Revision Surgery and Iatrogenic Deformity?

Bari TJ, Heegaard M, Bech-Azeddine R, Dahl B, Gehrchen M

Objective: The demand for spinal fusion is increasing, with concurrent reports of iatrogenic adult spinal deformity (flatback deformity) possibly due to inappropriate lordosis distribution. This distribution is assessed using the...
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Incidence of Chronic Periscapular Pain After Adult Thoracolumbar Deformity Correction and Impact on Outcomes

Haddad AF, Scheer JK, Fury MT, Smith JS, Deviren V, Ames CP

Objective: Extension of the posterior upper-most instrumented vertebra (UIV) into the upper thoracic (UT) spine allows for greater deformity correction and reduced incidence of proximal junction kyphosis (PJK) in adult...
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Prioritization of Realignment Associated With Superior Clinical Outcomes for Cervical Deformity Patients

Pierce KE, Passias PG, Brown AE, Bortz CA, Alas H, Passfall L, Krol O, Kummer N, Lafage R, Chou D, Burton DC, Line B, Klineberg E, Hart R, Gum J, Daniels A, Hamilton K, Bess S, Protopsaltis T, Shaffrey C, Schwab FA, Smith JS, Lafage V, Ames C, on behalf of the International Spine Study Group (ISSG)

Objective: To prioritize the cervical parameter targets for alignment. Methods: Included: cervical deformity (CD) patients (C2–7 Cobb angle > 10°, cervical lordosis > 10°, cervical sagittal vertical axis [cSVA] > 4...
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Obeid-Coronal Malalignment Classification Is Age Related and Independently Associated to Personal Reported Outcome Measurement Scores in the Nonfused Spine

Kieser DC, Boissiere L, Bourghli A, Hayashi K, Cawley D, Yilgor C, Alanay A, Acaroglu E, Kleinstueck F, Pizones J, Pellise F, Perez-Grueso FJS, Obeid I, on behalf of the European Spine Study Group

Objective: To evaluate Obeid-coronal malalignment (O-CM) modifiers according to age, sagittal alignment, and patient-reported outcome measures (PROMs), in the mobile spine. Methods: Retrospective review of a prospective multicenter adult spinal deformity...
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The Effect of Brace Treatment on Large Curves of 40° to 55° in Adolescents With Idiopathic Scoliosis Who Have Avoided Surgery: A Retrospective Cohort Study

Razeghinezhad R, Kamyab M, Babaee T, Ganjavian MS, Bidari S

Objective: To evaluate the effect of Milwaukee brace treatment on adolescents with idiopathic scoliosis (AIS) with large curves (40° to 55°) who refuse to do surgery. Methods: In this retrospective cohort...
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Emerging Technologies in the Treatment of Adult Spinal Deformity

Patel AV, White CA, Schwartz JT, Pitaro NL, Shah KC, Singh S, Arvind V, Kim JS, Cho SK

Outcomes for adult spinal deformity continue to improve as new technologies become integrated into clinical practice. Machine learning, robot-guided spinal surgery, and patientspecific rods are tools that are being used...
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Physiologic Cervical Alignment Change between Cervical Spine X-ray and Computed Tomography

Lee HJ, Kim IS, Hong JT

Objective : The purpose of this study was to investigate the correlations among various radiological parameters used to determine cervical alignment from cervical spine radiographs (X-CS) and cervical spine computed...
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Association of Spinal Alignment Correction With Patient-Reported Outcomes in Adult Cervical Deformity: Review of the Literature

Massaad E, Hadzipasic M, Kiapour A, Lak AM, Shankar G, Zaidi HA, Hershman SH, Shin JH

Objective: Adult cervical deformity (ACD) is a debilitating spinal condition that causes significant pain, neurologic dysfunction, and functional impairment. Surgery is often performed to correct cervical alignment, but the optimal...
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A Comparison of Mortality and Morbidity Between Complex and Degenerative Spine Surgery in Prospectively Collected Data From 2,280 Procedures

Solumsmoen S, Bari TJ, Woldu S, Zielinski OB, Gehrchen M, Dahl B, Bech-Azeddine R

Objective: The reported incidence of complications and/or adverse events (AEs) following spine surgery varies greatly. A validated, systematic, reproducible reporting system to quantify AEs was used in 2 prospective cohorts,...
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Factors related to Quality of Life of Patients with Failed Back Surgery Syndrome

Jang YS, Jung SY

Purpose: This study was done to investigate factors related to quality of life of patients with failed back surgery syndrome. Methods: One hundred and eighty four patients were recruited from a...
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Acute Low Back Pain from Coexisting Gout and Tuberculous Spondyloarthropathy

Park Y, Ha JW, Kwon JW, Eum K

A 67-year-old male patient with a history of epididymectomy and anti-tuberculosis treatment for epididymis tuberculosis was admitted for acute low back pain and radiating pain. The patient had no history...
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Effects of Central Sensitivity Syndrome and Psychological Factors on the Clinical Features of Patients with Cervical Degenerative Disease: A Cross-Sectional Study

Kondo Y, Miki T, Higuchi D, Takebayashi T

Study Design: Single-center cross-sectional study. Purpose: The present study aimed to clarify the effects of central sensitivity syndrome (CSS) and psychological factors on the clinical features in patients with cervical degenerative...
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Symptomatic Construct Failure after Metastatic Spine Tumor Surgery

Kumar N, Patel R, Tan JH, Song J, Pandita N, Hey DHW, Lau LL, Liu G, Thambiah J, Wong HK

Study Design: Retrospective cohort study. Purpose: To evaluate the incidence and presentation of symptomatic failures (SFs) after metastatic spine tumor surgery (MSTS). To identify the associated risk factors. To categorize SFs...
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Contraindication of Minimally Invasive Lateral Interbody Fusion for Percutaneous Reduction of Degenerative Spondylolisthesis: A New Radiographic Indicator of Bony Lateral Recess Stenosis Using I Line

Ishii K, Isogai N, Shiono Y, Yoshida K, Takahashi Y, Takeshima K, Nakayama M, Funao H

Study Design Retrospective cohort study. Purpose This study aimed to evaluate aggravated lateral recess stenosis and clarify the indirect decompression threshold by combined lateral interbody fusion and percutaneous pedicle screw fixation (LIF/PPS). Overview of...
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Is Older Age a Contraindication for Single-Level Transforaminal Lumbar Interbody Fusion?

Patel JY, Kundnani VG, Chawada B

Study Design Retrospective cohort. Purpose This study’s primary objective was to compare the clinico-radiological outcomes and incidence of perioperative complications of transforaminal lumbar interbody fusion (TLIF) at lower lumbar levels for elderly and...
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The Effect of Body Mass Index on Long-Term Patient-Reported Outcome Scores after Anterior Cervical Discectomy and Fusion in an Asian Population: A 2-Year Study

Teo SJ, Yeo W, Ling MZ, Fong PL, Guo CM, Chen JLT, Soh RCC

Study Design Retrospective cohort study. Purpose This study aims to analyze the relationship between body mass index (BMI) subjective patient-reported outcomes (PRO) after 1- and 2-level anterior cervical discectomy and fusion (ACDF). Overview of...
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Comparison between Anterior Cervical Decompression with Fusion and Posterior Cervical Fusion with Wide Facetectomy for Treatment of Severe Bony Foraminal Stenosis

Lee S, Cho DC, Chon H, Roh SW, Choi I, Park JH

Objective : To compare the anterior cervical discectomy and fusion (ACDF) and posterior cervical fusion (PCF) with wide facetectomy in the treatment of parallel-shaped bony foraminal stenosis (FS). Methods : Thirty-six...
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Implications of 3-Dimensional Printed Spinal Implants on the Outcomes in Spine Surgery

Fiani B, Newhouse A, Cathel A, Sarhadi K, Soula M

Three-dimensional printing (3DP) applications possess substantial versatility within surgical applications, such as complex reconstructive surgeries and for the use of surgical resection guides. The capability of constructing an implant from...
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