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Dynamic Cord Compression Causing Cervical Myelopathy

Joaquim AF, Baum GR, Tan LA, Riew KD

Due to the highly mobile nature of the cervical spine, and the fact that most magnetic resonance imagings (MRIs) and computed tomography scans are obtained only in one single position,...
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Outcome Measures and Variables Affecting Prognosis of Cervical Spondylotic Myelopathy: WFNS Spine Committee Recommendations

Zileli M, Maheshwari S, Kale SS, Garg K, Menon SK, Parthiban

This study is conducted to review the literature systematically to determine most reliable outcome measures, important clinical and radiological variables affecting the prognosis in cervical spondylotic myelopathy patients. A literature...
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Posterior Surgical Techniques for Cervical Spondylotic Myelopathy: WFNS Spine Committee Recommendations

Bajamal AH, Kim SH, Arifianto , Faris M, Subagio EA, Roitberg B, Udo-Inyang I, Belding J, Zileli M, Parthiban , World Federation of Neurosurgical Societies (WFNS) Spine Committee

OBJECTIVE: This study was conducted to determine and recommend the most up-to-date information on the indications, complications, and outcomes of posterior surgical treatments for cervical spondylotic myelopathy (CSM) on the...
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Anterior Surgical Techniques for Cervical Spondylotic Myelopathy: WFNS Spine Committee Recommendations

Deora H, Kim SH, Behari S, Rudrappa S, Rajshekhar V, Zileli M, Parthiban , World Federation of Neurosurgical Societies (WFNS) Spine Committee

OBJECTIVE: This study was performed to review the literature and to present the most up-to-date information and recommendations on the indications, complications, and success rate of anterior surgical techniques for...
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Locking Stand-Alone Cage Constructs for the Treatment of Cervical Spine Degenerative Disease

De Leo–Vargas RA, Muñoz–Romero I, Mondragón–Soto MG, Martínez–Anda JJ

STUDY DESIGN: Prospective case series study. PURPOSE: Description of the outcome of stand-alone cervical cages for single and multilevel cervical degenerative spine disease. OVERVIEW OF LITERATURE: The aim of anterior cervical discectomy...
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Minimally Invasive Surgery without Decompression for Hepatocellular Carcinoma Spinal Metastasis with Epidural Spinal Cord Compression Grade 2

Jung JM, Chung CK, Kim CH, Yang SH

OBJECTIVE: There is a lack of knowledge regarding whether decompression is necessary in treating patients with epidural spinal cord compression (ESCC) grade 2. The purpose of this study was to...
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Synchronous Primary Leiomyosarcoma in the Thoracic Vertebra and the Liver

Kim YK, Kim JA, Ryu SH, Choi JH, Tsung PC, Park JH, Moon JS, Shim JC, Lee HK, Loutzenhiser JM

This is a case report of simultaneous primary leiomyosarcomas in the spine and liver. A 64-year-old woman presented to the Seoul Paik Hospital with epigastric discomfort and constipation that she...
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Cord Compression Caused by a Tangled and Warped Lumbar Catheter After Lumboperitoneal Shunt Placement

Sato K, Endo T, Sakata H, Inoue T, Niizuma K, Tominaga T

The present study reports the case of an 81-year-old woman who underwent lumboperitoneal shunt (LPS) placement for idiopathic normal-pressure hydrocephalus. After LPS placement, the patient presented with radicular pain. A...
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The Transspinal Canal Screwing Technique for Atlantoaxial Anomalies: A Technical Note and 2 Case Reports

Takebayashi K, Kubota M, Yuzurihara M, Tachibana , Kawamata T

It is difficult to treat atlantoaxial instability in patients with a high-riding vertebral artery or anomalies of the craniocervical junction. We report 2 successful cases in which the transspinal canal...
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Influence of Diabetes Mellitus on Surgical Outcomes in Patients with Cervical Myelopathy: A Prospective, Multicenter Study

Tanishima , Mihara T, Tanida A, Takeda C, Murata M, Takahashi , Yamane K, Morishita , Morio Y, Ishii H, Fukata S, Nanjo Y, Hamamoto Y, Dokai T, Nagashima

STUDY DESIGN: Multicenter, prospective study. PURPOSE: To investigate the effects of diabetes mellitus (DM) on surgical outcomes in patients with cervical myelopathy. OVERVIEW OF LITERATURE: To date, few studies have investigated the...
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What Causes Severe Myelopathy Resulting in Acute Quadriplegia after a Surgery for Atlantoaxial Subluxation due to Os Odontoideum? A Case Report

Paeng SH

A case of acute quadriplegia resulting from reduction of atlantoaxial subluxation due to os odontoideum is rare. Patient with os odontoideum are at a greater risk for atlantoaxial instability and...
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Predictive Modeling of Outcomes After Traumatic and Nontraumatic Spinal Cord Injury Using Machine Learning: Review of Current Progress and Future Directions

Khan O, Badhiwala , Wilson JR, Jiang F, Martin AR, Fehlings M

Machine learning represents a promising frontier in epidemiological research on spine surgery. It consists of a series of algorithms that determines relationships between data. Machine learning maintains numerous advantages over...
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The Feasibility of Spinal Stereotactic Radiosurgery for Spinal Metastasis with Epidural Cord Compression

Kim YJ, Kim JH, Kim K, Kim HJ, Chie EK, Shin KH, Wu HG, Kim IH

PURPOSE: The purpose of this study was to investigate the effectiveness and safety of spinal stereotactic radiosurgery (SRS) in treating spinal metastasis with epidural spinal cord compression (ESCC). MATERIALS AND METHODS:...
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Conus Medullaris Syndrome Due to Posterior Spinal Artery Infarction

Yi JH, Kim JS, Noh KC, Chung SE, Byun JI, Shin WC

A 77-year-old female with a history of osteoarthritis visited our clinic complaining of lower back pain, paresthesia in both legs, and voiding difficulty. Her pain and temperature sensations were diminished...
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Treatment Options of Osteoporotic Vertebral Compression Fractures

Kim YM, Kim TK, Shim DM, Lim KH

This paper reviews previous studies on the treatment of osteoporotic vertebral compression fractures in elderly patients to determine what factors should be considered for successful treatment. In osteoporotic vertebral compression...
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Treatment of Bone Metastasis with Bone-Targeting Radiopharmaceuticals

Choi JY

Bone is a common metastatic site of cancer. Bone metastasis reduces life expectancy and results in serious symptoms and complications such as bone pain, pathological fractures, and spinal cord compression,...
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Thickening Ligamentum Flavum Mimicking Tumor in the Epidural Space of the Cervical Spine

Bae SH, Son DW, Kwon OI, Lee SH, Lee JS, Song GS

In patients with tumors and spinal cord lesions, inflammation and tissue infection can result in mass effect detection on imaging. As a result, surgical biopsy procedures are often performed on...
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A Rare Cause of Thoracic Spinal Cord Compression by Multiple Large Tarlov Cysts

Kleib AS, Salihy SM, Hamdi H, Carron R, Soumaré O

Spinal extradural arachnoid cyst (SEAC) is a rare cause of spinal cord compression. Bifocal location of thoracic and sacral SEACs is rarely reported in the literature. We report a case...
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Etiopathogenesis of Traumatic Spinal Epidural Hematoma

Tamburrelli FC, Meluzio MC, Masci G, Perna A, Burrofato , Proietti L

Spinal epidural hematoma (SEH) is a rare cause of nerve root or cord compression; its pathogenesis is not always clearly recognizable. The aim of this paper was to investigate possible...
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Dorsal Spinal Ligamentum Flavum Thickening: A Magnetic Resonance Imaging Study

Chelladurai A, Balasubramaniam S, Anbazhagan SP, Gnanasihamani S, Ramaswami

STUDY DESIGN: A retrospective radiological study of the ligamentum flavum (LF). PURPOSE: We determined the relationship of dorsal spinal LF thickening with age and sex using magnetic resonance imaging (MRI). We...
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