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Reliability of Early Ambulation after Intradural Spine Surgery : Risk Factors and a Preventive Method for Cerebrospinal Fluid Leak Related Complications

Lee S, Cho DC, Kim KT, Lee YS, Rhim SC, Park JH

Objective : Cerebrospinal fluid leakage related complications (CLC) occasionally occur after intradural spinal surgery. We sought to investigate the effectiveness of early ambulation after intradural spinal surgery and analyze the...
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A Prognostic Factor for Prolonged Mechanical Ventilator-Dependent Respiratory Failure after Cervical Spinal Cord Injury : Maximal Canal Compromise on Magnetic Resonance Imaging

Lee S, Roh SW, Jeon SR, Park JH, Kim KT, Lee YS, Cho DC

Objective : The period of mechanical ventilator (MV)-dependent respiratory failure after cervical spinal cord injury (CSCI) varies from patient to patient. This study aimed to identify predictors of MV at...
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Adolescent Idiopathic Scoliosis Treated by Posterior Spinal Segmental Instrumented Fusion : When Is Fusion to L3 Stable?

Hyun SJ, Lenke LG, Kim Y, Bridwell KH, Cerpa M, Blanke KM

Objective : The purpose of this study was to identify risk factors for distal adding on (AO) or distal junctional kyphosis (DJK) in adolescent idiopathic scoliosis (AIS) treated by posterior...
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Optimal Ratio of Wnt3a Expression in Human Mesenchymal Stem Cells Promotes Axonal Regeneration in Spinal Cord Injured Rat Model

Yoon HH, Lee HJ, Min J, Kim JH, Park JH, Kim JH, Kim SW, Lee H, Jeon SR

Objective : Through our previous clinical trials, the demonstrated therapeutic effects of MSC in chronic spinal cord injury (SCI) were found to be not sufficient. Therefore, the need to develop...
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Preoperative Radiological Parameters to Predict Clinical and Radiological Outcomes after Laminoplasty

Lee SH, Son DW, Shin JJ, Ha Y, Song GS, Lee JS, Lee SW

Many studies have focused on pre-operative sagittal alignment parameters which could predict poor clinical or radiological outcomes after laminoplasty. However, the influx of too many new factors causes confusion. This...
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Effectiveness of Neurodynamic Mobilization versus Conventional Therapy on Spasticity Reduction and Upper Limb Function in Tetraplegic Patients

Saxena A, Sehgal S, Jangra MK

Study Design: The study employed a pre- and post-test experimental design. Purpose: This study was designed to assess the effect of neurodynamic mobilization of the median nerve on upper limb spasticity...
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The Effect of Body Mass Index on Long-Term Patient-Reported Outcome Scores after Anterior Cervical Discectomy and Fusion in an Asian Population: A 2-Year Study

Teo SJ, Yeo W, Ling MZ, Fong PL, Guo CM, Chen JLT, Soh RCC

Study Design Retrospective cohort study. Purpose This study aims to analyze the relationship between body mass index (BMI) subjective patient-reported outcomes (PRO) after 1- and 2-level anterior cervical discectomy and fusion (ACDF). Overview of...
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Wound Infiltration with Levobupivacaine, Ketorolac, and Adrenaline for Postoperative Pain Control after Spinal Fusion Surgery

Pace V, Gul A, Prakash V, Park C, Placella G, Raine G

Study Design This study enrolled patients in from a single center who underwent primary spinal fusion procedure and divided them into two groups (group-control study). Purpose Good local infiltration can reduce postoperative analgesic...
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Psychological Distress Associated with Patient-Reported Outcomes in Preoperative Patients with Lumbar Spinal Stenosis

Kitano T, Kawakami M, Ishimoto Y, Teraguchi M, Fukui D, Matsuoka T, Nakagawa Y

Study Design Cross-sectional study. Purpose The purpose of this study was to investigate the effects of psychotic symptoms such as anxiety and fear in patients undergoing lumbar spinal canal stenosis. Overview of Literature Recently, patients...
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Cerebrospinal Fluid Profiles and Their Changes after Intraventricular Chemotherapy as Prognostic or Predictive Markers for Patients with Leptomeningeal Carcinomatosis

Kwon JW, Shim Y, Gwak HS, Park EY, Joo J, Yoo H, Shin SH

Objective : Here, we evaluated whether cerebrospinal fluid (CSF) profiles and their changes after intraventricular chemotherapy for leptomeningeal carcinomatosis (LMC) could predict the treatment response or be prognostic for patient...
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C7 Fracture as a Complication of C7 Dome-Like Laminectomy : Impact on Clinical and Radiological Outcomes and Evaluation of the Risk Factors

Yang SH, Kim CH, Lee CH, Ko YS, Won Y, Chung CK

Objective : Cervical expansive laminoplasty is an effective surgical method to address multilevel cervical spinal stenosis. During surgery, the spinous processes of C2 and C7 are usually preserved to keep...
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Comparison between Anterior Cervical Decompression with Fusion and Posterior Cervical Fusion with Wide Facetectomy for Treatment of Severe Bony Foraminal Stenosis

Lee S, Cho DC, Chon H, Roh SW, Choi I, Park JH

Objective : To compare the anterior cervical discectomy and fusion (ACDF) and posterior cervical fusion (PCF) with wide facetectomy in the treatment of parallel-shaped bony foraminal stenosis (FS). Methods : Thirty-six...
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Implications of 3-Dimensional Printed Spinal Implants on the Outcomes in Spine Surgery

Fiani B, Newhouse A, Cathel A, Sarhadi K, Soula M

Three-dimensional printing (3DP) applications possess substantial versatility within surgical applications, such as complex reconstructive surgeries and for the use of surgical resection guides. The capability of constructing an implant from...
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Pulsed Electromagnetic Field Stimulators Efficacy for Noninvasive Bone Growth in Spine Surgery

Fiani B, Kondilis A, Runnels J, Rippe P, Davati C

The growth of pulsed electromagnetic field (PEMF) therapy and its progress over the years for use in post-operative bone growth has been revolutionary in its effect on bone tissue proliferation...
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Selection of Fusion Level for Adolescent Idiopathic Scoliosis Surgery : Selective Fusion versus Postoperative Decompensation

Kim DH, Hyun SJ, Kim KJ

Adolescent idiopathic scoliosis (AIS), which is associated with an extensive range of clinical and radiological presentations, is the one of the most challenging spinal disorders. The goals of surgery are...
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A Prospective, Multi-Center, Double-Blind, Randomized Study to Evaluate the Efficacy and Safety of the Synthetic Bone Graft Material DBM Gel with rhBMP-2 versus DBM Gel Used during the TLIF Procedure in Patients with Lumbar Disc Disease

Hyun SJ, Yoon SH, Kim JH, Oh JK, Lee CH, Shin JJ, Kang J, Ha Y

Objective : This study is to evaluate the efficacy and safety of demineralized bone matrix (DBM) gel versus DBM gel with recombinant human bone morphogenetic protein-2 (rhBMP-2) used in transforaminal...
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Clinicopathological Features of Primary Solitary Spinal Cord Tumors in Pediatric Patients : A 32-Year Single Institution Experience

Choi HY, Kim KH, Cho BK, Wang KC, Phi JH, Lee JY, Park SH, Kim SK

Objective : Few studies exist on primary spinal cord tumors (PSCTs) in pediatric patients. The purpose of this study was to perform descriptive analysis and detailed survival analysis for PSCTs. Methods...
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Minimally Invasive Spine Surgery With Midline Cortical Bone Trajectory Screw Fixation for Lumbar Degenerative Disease in a Retrospective Study of 200 Patients

Noh SH, Zhang HY

Objective: Midline lumbar interbody fusion is performed for treatment of various lumbar degenerative diseases, with good clinical outcomes and few complications. However, there are no large-scale or long-term studies regarding...
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Intraoperative Monitoring for Cauda Equina Tumors: Surgical Outcomes and Neurophysiological Data Accrued Over 10 Years

Lee S, Cho DC, Rhim SC, Lee BJ, Hong SH, Koo YS, Park JH

Objective: Cauda equina tumors affect the peripheral nervous system, and the validities of triggered electromyogram (tEMG) and intraoperative neurophysiologic monitoring (IOM) are unclear. We sought to evaluate the accuracy and...
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An Atypical Choroid Plexus Papilloma Initially Manifestating as Radicular Symptoms

Lee CJ, Kim JH, Kim Y, Lee JB, Ryu B

A 29-year-old woman had 1-month history of back pain radiating into lower extremities, motor weakness, and sensory abnormalities in both lower extremities. Contrast-enhanced spinal magnetic resonance imaging (MRI) revealed a...
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