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Treadmill Exercise Improves Motor Function and Short-term Memory by Enhancing Synaptic Plasticity and Neurogenesis in Photothrombotic Stroke Mice

Hong M, Kim M, Kim TW, Park SS, Kim MK, Park YH, Sung YH, Shin MS

Purpose: Thrombotic stroke is a type of ischemic stroke characterized by motor dysfunction and memory impairments. In the present study, the effect of treadmill exercise on motor function and short-term...
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PI3K-Akt-Wnt Pathway Is Implicated in Exercise-Induced Improvement of Short-term Memory in Cerebral Palsy Rats

Cho JW, Jung SY, Kim DY, Chung YR, Choi HH, Jeon JW, Han JH

PURPOSE: Maternal lipopolysaccharide (LPS) injection induces neurodevelopmental disorders, such as cerebral palsy. Exercise activates phosphatidylinositol 3-kinase (PI3K)-protein kinase B (Akt) signaling pathway that enhances neurogenesis. Wnt ligands are also implicated...
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Neurobiological Mechanism of Memory

Chung YI, Lee YM, Moon ES

Memory is one of the most important mental mechanisms which is crucial for us to adapt to environmental surroundings and to maintain our identity. The neurobiological mechanisms for memory are...
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Inhibitory Effects of Isoquinoline Alkaloid Berberine on Ischemia-Induced Apoptosis via Activation of Phosphoinositide 3-Kinase/Protein Kinase B Signaling Pathway

Kim M, Shin MS, Lee JM, Cho HS, Kim CJ, Kim YJ, Choi HR, Jeon JW

PURPOSE: Berberine is a type of isoquinoline alkaloid that has been used to treat various diseases. A neuroprotective effect of berberine against cerebral ischemia has been reported; however, the effects...
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Treadmill Exercise Ameliorates Short-Term Memory Disturbance in Scopolamine-Induced Amnesia Rats

Heo YM, Shin MS, Lee JM, Kim CJ, Baek SB, Kim KH, Baek SS

  • KMID: 2232916
  • Int Neurourol J.
  • 2014 Mar;18(1):16-22.
PURPOSE: Scopolamine is a nonselective muscarinic cholinergic receptor antagonist, which induces impairment of learning ability and memory function. Exercise is known to ameliorate brain disturbance induced by brain injuries. In...
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Impact of Several Types of Stresses on Short-term Memory and Apoptosis in the Hippocampus of Rats

Kim BK, Ko IG, Kim SE, Kim CJ, Yoon JS, Baik HH, Jin BK, Lee CY, Baek SB, Shin MS

  • KMID: 2232884
  • Int Neurourol J.
  • 2013 Sep;17(3):114-120.
PURPOSE: Stress has a deteriorating effect on hippocampal function. It also contributes to symptom exacerbation in many disease states, including overactive bladder and interstitial cystitis/bladder pain syndrome. We investigated the...
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Appropriate Rest Time after Repetitive Sleep Deprivation Suppresses Apoptosis and Cell Proliferation in the Hippocampus

Lee EK, Sung YH, Ko YG, Kim SC, Cho H, Moon SW

  • KMID: 2192132
  • J Korean Soc Emerg Med.
  • 2012 Jun;23(3):411-419.
PURPOSE: Sleep deprivation may exert many negative effects on hippocampus-dependent cognitive function, such as learning and memory. The present study was conducted in order to investigate the effects of repetitive...
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Attention and Short-term Memory Impairments in Patients with Acute Bipolar Disorder: A Comparison Study with Schizophrenia and Normal Controls

Kim SY, Park HJ, Lee KY, Kim SC, Kang BH, Ha KS, Kwon JS, Kim YS, Ahn YM

  • KMID: 2286792
  • Korean J Psychopharmacol.
  • 2005 Nov;16(6):488-497.
INTRODUCTION: There are several studies that suggest bipolar and schizophrenic patients have similar pattern of cognitive impairments. The goal of this study is to examine whether there are common cognitive...
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Effects of Low Frequency Repetitive Transcranial Magnetic Stimulation on Visual Short Term Memory in Healthy Individuals

Oh HJ, Kim W, Lee KU, Bahk WM, Jun TY, Han JH, Chae JH

  • KMID: 2017172
  • J Korean Neuropsychiatr Assoc.
  • 2004 Sep;43(5):590-595.
OBJECTIVES: Repetitive transcranial magnetic stimulation (rTMS) is a novel, noninvasive method of brain stimulation. Since conventional rTMS does not cause seizure, marked advantage over electroconvulsive therapy (ECT), rTMS can be...
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Assessment of Congnitive Disorders in Alcoholics Using the 7 Minute Screening Battery

Cheon JS, Yoon HC, Lee KY, Oh BH

  • KMID: 2202808
  • J Korean Soc Biol Psychiatry.
  • 2001 Nov;8(2):258-265.
OBJECTIVES: Chronic alcohol consumption has been known to result in various neurocognitive deficits. Many neuropsychological studies revealed that the major disturbances occurred in the executive function learning and short-term memory....
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Effect of Ethanol on Short-term Memory in Rats:A Mechanism of Alcoholic Dementia

Cheon JS

  • KMID: 2186278
  • J Korean Geriatr Psychiatry.
  • 1997 May;1(1):81-95.
Chronic and excessive alcohol consumption produces a subtle brain damage, which induces such organic mental disorders as delayed mental processes, abstract thinking impairment, and disturbances in learning and recent memory...
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