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Relationship between Chronological Orders of Symptoms and Vestibular Abnormality in Patients with Vestibular Migraine

YI SE, Park JW, Kwak JW, Choi Y, Lee SH, Ha SC, Park HJ

Objectives: Pathophysiology of vestibular migraine (VM) is still controversial. Vertigo may act as a trigger for migraine or there might other mechanisms which cause migraine and dizziness. VM patients have...
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Importance of High-Frequency Vestibular Function in the Prognosis of Bilateral Vestibulopathy

Bae SH, Nam GS, Kwak SH, Kim SH

Objectives. The aim of this study was to investigate whether preserved vestibular function in the high-frequency range influences the prognosis of patients with bilateral vestibulopathy (BVP) after vestibular rehabilitation. Methods. Twenty-four...
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Benign Paroxysmal Positional Vertigo: Diagnostic Criteria and Updated Practice Guideline in Diagnosis

Shim DB

Benign paroxysmal positional vertigo (BPPV) is the most common cause of recurrent vertigo that is characterized by sudden onset of vertigo elicited by positional change. American Academy of Otolaryngology-Head and...
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Therapeutic Efficacy of the Modified Epley Maneuver With a Pillow Under the Shoulders

Lee HJ, Jeon EJ, Lee DH, Seo JH

Objectives. Canalolithiasis of the posterior semicircular canal (PC) is the most common reason for benign paroxysmal positional vertigo (BPPV). If a patient is diagnosed with PC-BPPV through the Dix-Hallpike test,...
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Analysis of Inner Ear Anomalies in Unilateral Congenital Aural Atresia Combined With Microtia

Park E, Lee G, Jung HH, Im GJ

OBJECTIVES: The aim of this study was to analyze the incidence of inner ear anomalies in patients with unilateral congenital aural atresia (CAA) combined with microtia. METHODS: We retrospectively reviewed 61...
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A Case of Bilateral Semicircular Canal Dysplasia with Normal Cochlear Found in Bilateral Vestibulopathy

Lee S, Choi SW

A 25-year-old woman presented with atypical dizziness with oscillopsia. The neuro-otological evaluations showed bilateral vestibulopathy with mild sensorineural hearing loss. Computed tomography and magnetic resonance imaging demonstrated bilateral isolated lateral...
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Intratympanic Gentamicin Versus Labyrinthectomy: Inner Ear Sensitivity to Gentamicin and Impact on the Contralateral Labyrinth

Kontorinis G, Tailor H, Gaggini M, Crowther J

OBJECTIVES: To investigate the impact of labyrinthectomy and intratympanic (IT) gentamicin injections on the contralateral labyrinth, we also assessed the response of each individual semicircular canal to each IT gentamicin...
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Prevalence of Superior Semicircular Canal Dehiscence in Coronal Images of Temporal Bone Computed Tomography and Its Diagnostic Value in Korean Population

Lee ES, Cho YT, An YH, Shim HJ

BACKGROUND AND OBJECTIVES: This study aimed to analyze the prevalence of superior semicircular canal dehiscence (SSCD) in the coronal images of high-resolution temporal bone computed tomography (TBCT) and to evaluate...
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Clinical Application and Update of Video Head Impulse Test

Lee JY, Park JS, Kim MB

Recently with the introduction of video head impulse test (vHIT), it can be easily performed quantitative and objective measurement of vestibulo-ocular reflex (VOR). vHIT has been used as a clinical...
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Extremely Long Latency Benign Paroxysmal Positional Vertigo

Abrahamsen ER, Hougaard D

Case history of a 67-year-old man diagnosed with posterior benign paroxysmal positional vertigo (BPPV) with extremely long latencies after holding the Dix-Hallpike position for five minutes. Additional vestibular assessment indicated...
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Update of Treatment for Horizontal Canal Benign Paroxysmal Positional Vertigo: Evidence-Based Approach

Shim DB

Horizontal canal benign paroxysmal positional vertigo (HC-BPPV) can be classified as either the geotropic or apogeotropic subtype by the pattern of nystagmus triggered by supine head roll test. Most studies...
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The Age-Related Orientational Changes of Human Semicircular Canals

Lyu HY, Chen KG, Yin DM, Hong J, Yang L, Zhang TY, Dai PD

OBJECTIVES: Some changes are found in the labyrinth anatomy during postnatal development. Although the spatial orientation of semicircular canals was thought to be stable after birth, we investigated the age-related...
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Superior Semicircular Canal Dehiscence Syndrome Presenting with Sudden Deafness and Vertigo after Trauma

Kang SI, Lee S, Kim JS, Koo JW

  • KMID: 1702049
  • Res Vestib Sci.
  • 2013 Dec;12(4):132-135.
Superior semicircular canal dehiscence syndrome (SCDS) is characterized by cochleovestibular hyper-responsiveness symptoms including sound- and pressure-evoked vertigo and oscillopsia, autophony, hyperacusis and ear fullness. The typical audiometric feature of SCDS...
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Early Effect of Barbecue Rotation and Modified Semont Combination in Apogeotropic Horizontal Canal Benign Paroxysmal Positional Vertigo

Jung KH, Baek MJ, Kim YW

BACKGROUND AND OBJECTIVES: Benign paroxysmal positional vertigo (BPPV) of horizontal canal shows reversible direction changing positional nystagmus and diverse clinical courses because of the frequent clinical presentation of cupulolithiasis. The...
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Pseudo-Spontaneous Nystagmus in Lateral Semicircular Canal Benign Paroxysmal Positional Vertigo

Lee HJ, Kim YH, Hong SK, Kim HJ

OBJECTIVES: Spontaneous nystagmus, which has been considered a typical sign of acute vestibulopathy, has recently been reported in benign paroxysmal positional vertigo involving the lateral semicircular canals (LC-BPPV) without unilateral...
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Superior Canal Dehiscence Patients Have Smaller Mastoid Volume than Age- and Sex-Matched Otosclerosis and Temporal Bone Fracture Patients

Shim BS, Kang BC, Kim CH, Kim TS, Park HJ

BACKGROUND AND OBJECTIVES: The purpose of the study was to compare the mastoid air-cell volume of the patients with superior semicircular canal dehiscence syndrome (SCDS) and that of the control...
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Relationship Between Clinical Features and Recurrence in Benign Paroxysmal Positional Vertigo of Posterior Semicircular Canal

Park JY, Lee TK, Jeong DS, Sung KB

  • KMID: 1452112
  • Res Vestib Sci.
  • 2011 Jun;10(2):63-67.
BACKGROUND AND OBJECTIVES: The aim of this study is to evaluate the relationship between the recurrence and clinical features of posterior canal benign paroxysmal positional vertigo (p-BPPV). MATERIALS AND METHODS: Eighty...
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CT and MR Imagings of Semicircular Canal Aplasia

Shin CH, Hong HS, Yi BH, Cha JG, Park SJ, Kim DH, Lee HK, Kim SC

PURPOSE: To evaluate the clinical, CT and MR imaging findings of semicircular canal (SCC) aplasia and to evaluate if a correlation exists between these findings and the associated anomalies or...
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A Case of Multiple Bony Dehiscences of Semicircular Canals and Vestibule Presenting as Dizziness and Hearing Loss

Chung J, Park SY, Han WH, Lee HS

Dehiscence of the bone overlying the semicircular canals has been shown to have effects on vestibular and auditory function. This case report presents a 48-year-old man presenting atypical vestibular manifestations...
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A Mathematical Consideration on the Dix-Hallpike maneuver

Byun SW

  • KMID: 2328934
  • J Korean Bal Soc.
  • 2008 Dec;7(2):188-192.
BACKGROUND AND OBJECTIVES: At the beginning of the Dix-Hallpike maneuver, one of the two functional pair planes of the vertical canals is presumed to lie in the sagittal plane. However,...
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