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Utilization of S1 Foraminal Hooks for Augmentation of S1 Screws in Adult Spinal Deformity Surgery: Comparative Study With Iliac Screws

Choi HY, Jo DJ

Objective: To compare the outcomes of S1 foraminal hooks and iliac screws regarding fusion rate at the lumbosacral junction and protective effects on S1 screws. Methods: From January 2017 to December...
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Mini-Screws-Only Fixation Method for Small Fragments of Medial Malleolus Fractures

Choi BS, Lee SH, Kim MB, Lee YH

Background: Open reduction and internal fixation is the standard treatment for a displaced medial malleolus fracture (MMFx), achieving ankle stability and bony union to prevent post-traumatic arthritis. Previous fixation techniques...
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Percutaneous Screw Fixation in a Displaced Pubic Fracture: Technical Note

Kong GM, Kim SC

Pelvic fractures are high-energy injuries, often accompanied by damage to the adjacent tissues and organs. For patients with pelvic trauma, active treatment is required early in the injury, because mortality...
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Contraindication of Minimally Invasive Lateral Interbody Fusion for Percutaneous Reduction of Degenerative Spondylolisthesis: A New Radiographic Indicator of Bony Lateral Recess Stenosis Using I Line

Ishii K, Isogai N, Shiono Y, Yoshida K, Takahashi Y, Takeshima K, Nakayama M, Funao H

Study Design Retrospective cohort study. Purpose This study aimed to evaluate aggravated lateral recess stenosis and clarify the indirect decompression threshold by combined lateral interbody fusion and percutaneous pedicle screw fixation (LIF/PPS). Overview of...
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Minimally Invasive Spine Surgery With Midline Cortical Bone Trajectory Screw Fixation for Lumbar Degenerative Disease in a Retrospective Study of 200 Patients

Noh SH, Zhang HY

Objective: Midline lumbar interbody fusion is performed for treatment of various lumbar degenerative diseases, with good clinical outcomes and few complications. However, there are no large-scale or long-term studies regarding...
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The Intersection Between Lateral Mass and Inferomedial Edge of the C1 Posterior Arch: A Reference Point for C1 Lateral Mass Screw Insertion

Bunmaprasert T, Puangkaew W, Sugandhavesa N, Liawrungrueang W, Riew KD

Objective: To determine the ideal Atlas (C1) lateral mass screw placement and trajectory using the intersection between the lateral mass and inferomedial edge of the posterior arch as an easily...
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Development of a Screw-Crane System for Pre-Lifting the Sternal Depression in Pectus Excavatum Repair: A Test of Mechanical Properties for the Feasibility of a New Concept

Park HJ, Rim G

Background: Pre-lifting of the sternum marked a major turning point in pectus excavatum repair. The author developed the crane technique in 2002 and successfully applied it to more than 2,000...
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Treatment of Thoracolumbar Spinal Fracture Accompanied by Diffuse Idiopathic Skeletal Hyperostosis Using Transdiscal Screws for Diffuse Idiopathic Skeletal Hyperostosis: Preliminary Results

Ikuma H, Takao S, Inoue Y, Hirose T, Matsukawa K, Kawasaki K

Study Design This retrospective case series enrolled 13 patients who underwent posterior fixation with both transdiscal screws for diffuse idiopathic skeletal hyperostosis (TSDs) and pedicle screws (PSs) to treat spinal injury...
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Influence of Epidural Ropivacaine with or without Dexmedetomidine on Postoperative Analgesia and Patient Satisfaction after Thoraco-Lumbar Spine Instrumentation: A Randomized, Comparative, and Double-Blind Study

Qureshi F, Meena SC, Kumar V, Jain K, Chauhan R, Luthra A

Study Design This was a prospective, randomized, and double-blind study. Purpose Thoraco-lumbar spine surgery is associated with severe postoperative pain and can cause chronic pain. We aimed to compare the impact of epidural...
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Does Percutaneous Lumbosacral Pedicle Screw Instrumentation Prevent Long-Term Adjacent Segment Disease after Lumbar Fusion?

Changoor S, Faloon MJ, Dunn CJ, Sahai N, Issa K, Sinha K, Hwang KS, Emami A

Study Design Retrospective cohort study. Purpose To assess long-term clinical outcomes of adjacent segment disease (ASD) in patients who underwent lumbar interbody fusion with percutaneous pedicle screw (PS) instrumentation. Overview of Literature ASD is a...
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Comparison of Reductions of Left and Right Proximal Portions of Intertrochanteric Fractures Treated by Intramedullary Nailing

Oh HC, Ha JW, Park Y, Park SH, Yoon HK

Purpose: This study examined the effect of lag screw insertion on proximal fragments by separating the right and left sides of intertrochanteric fractures in elderly patients that underwent intramedullary nailing. Materials...
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Effect of the cutting flute of the orthodontic miniscrew on insertion and removal torque

Park CS, Lim BG, Won EK, Hwang JY, Hwang B, Ji JH, Jeon WY, Lee MH, Bae TS

The purpose of this study was to evaluate the structural characteristics of the thread length of orthodontic mini-screws and the effects of insertion and removal torques according to the formation...
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Comparison between Pin Fixation and Combined Screw Fixation in Proximal Chevron Metatarsal Osteotomy for Hallux Valgus Deformity Correction

Jung HG, Lee JS, Lee DO, Kim SW, Coruña IV JA

Background: Problems associated with hallux valgus deformity correction using Kirschner-wire (K-wire) fixation include pin pullout and loss of stability. These complications are pronounced in the osteopenic bone, and few reports...
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Significance of Preoperative Prone Position Computed Tomography in Free Hand Subaxial Cervical Pedicular Screwing

İştemen , Arslan A, Olguner SK, Afşer KA, Açık V, Arslan B, Ökten A, Gezercan Y

Objective : The subaxial cervical pedicle screwing technique shows powerful biomechanical properties for posterior cervical fusion. When applying a pedicle screw using the freehand technique, it is essential to analyse...
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Development of Neuromonitoring Pedicle Screw - Results of Electrical Resistance and Neurophysiologic Test in Pig Model

Bang WS, Park J, Kim KT, Cho DC, Riew KD, Kim DH, Han IB, Hyun SJ, Yoon DH, Kim YB

Objective: To analyze the electrical resistance of a newly developed neuromonitoring pedicle screw (Neuro-PS) and to verify the electrophysiologic properties of the Neuro-PS in a pig model. Methods: We developed 2...
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Effect of fluid contamination on reverse torque values in implant-abutment connections under oral conditions

Mostafavi AS, Memarian M, Seddigh MA

Purpose Implant mechanical complications, including screw loosening, can influence dental implant success. It has been shown that torque values are affected by contamination occurred in implant-abutment (I/A) interface. This study...
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Computed Tomographic Morphometric Analysis of C1 and C2 for Lamina Cross Screw Placement in Malay Ethnicity

Chan AKH, Yusof MI, Abdullah MS

Study Design: This is an observational study of computed tomography (CT) data. Purpose: The C1 and C2 laminas in the Malaysian Malay population were analyzed for the feasibility of fitting 3.5-mm...
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Does Three-Dimensional Printed Patient-Specific Templates Add Benefit in Revision Surgeries for Complex Pediatric Kyphoscoliosis Deformity with Sublaminar Wires in Situ? A Clinical Study

Shah K, Gadiya A, Shah M, Vyas D, Patel P, Bhojraj S, Nene A

Study Design: Case-control study. Purpose: To evaluate the accuracy of three-dimensional (3D) printed patient-specific templates (PSTs) for placement of pedicle screws (PAs) in patients undergoing revision surgeries for complex kyphoscoliosis deformity...
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Is It Appropriate to Insert Pedicle Screws at an Infected Vertebral Body in the Treatment of Lumbar Pyogenic Spondylodiscitis?

Na HY, Jung YH, Lee JY, Kim HD

Purpose: In the surgical treatment of pyogenic lumbar spondylodiscitis, screw insertion at the affected vertebra has been avoided because of biofilm formation, and the risk of infection recurrence. The authors...
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Comparing Outcomes of Screw Fixation and Non-Fixation for Small-Sized Posterior Malleolar Fragment in Ankle Trimalleolar Fractures

Ko JW, Lee GW, Lee KB

Purpose: This study was undertaken to compare outcomes of screw fixation and non-fixation of a small-sized posterior malleolar fragment involving less than 25% articular surface in ankle trimalleolar fractures. Materials and...
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