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The diversity of Fracture Risk Assessment Tool (FRAX)-based intervention thresholds in Asia

Lekamwasam S

Fracture Risk Assessment Tool (FRAX), introduced in 2008, is the most frequently used fracture risk calculator. Many Asian countries have developed own FRAX models to suit their country needs. Only...
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Risk Assessment and Intervention of Ergonomic Risk Factor in Beekeeping

Kwon YJ, Kang YJ, Seo SH, Kim B, Park KS

OBJECTIVES: This study investigated musculoskeletal symptoms in upper limbs according to the working environment (job stress) of dental hygienists and examine their relationship with upper limb functions. METHODS: The subjects include...
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Antidepressants in Spine Surgery: A Systematic Review to Determine Benefits and Risks

Bayoumi AB, Ikizgul O, Karaali CN, Bozkurt S, Konya D, Toktas ZO

Antidepressant drugs can be advantageous in treating psychiatric and non-psychiatric illnesses, including spinal disorders. However, spine surgeons remain unfamiliar with the advantages and disadvantages of the use of antidepressant drugs...
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Risk assessment of hepatocellular carcinoma development for indeterminate hepatic nodules in patients with chronic hepatitis B

Shin H, Jung YW, Kim BK, Park JY, Kim DY, Ahn SH, Han KH, Kim YY, Choi JY, Kim SU

BACKGROUND/AIMS: A risk prediction model for the development of hepatocellular carcinoma (HCC) from indeterminate nodules detected on computed tomography (CT) (Rad(CT) score) in patients with chronic hepatitis B (CHB)-related cirrhosis...
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The Benefits and Risks of Performing Incidental Appendectomy

Lee JY, Sul YH, Ye JB, Go SJ, Lee JS, Kim HR, Yoon SY, Kim JS

Acute appendicitis is the most common indication for emergency abdominal surgery worldwide. The risks and benefits of incidental appendectomy during other operations have been debated for over a century. There...
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Swimming pools quality risk assessment for heavy metal deposition and intake via oral and dermal exposure

Nnabugwu A, Uchenna AP

The deplorable environmental conditions coupled to poor management practices employed by public swimming pool owners have led to suspicions over the safety of these recreational sites. This study was carried...
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Risk Assessment and Intervention of Ergonomic Risk Factor in Beekeeping

Lee C, Kang T

OBJECTIVES: The purpose of this study was to assess the ergonomic risk factors in beekeeping, and to evaluate the effectiveness of assistive device hive lift. METHODS: This study included 30 subjects...
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A comparison of 6 osteoporosis risk assessment tools among postmenopausal women in Kuala Lumpur, Malaysia

Toh LS, Lai PS, Wu DB, Bell BG, Dang CP, Low BY, Wong KT, Guglielmi , Anderson C

OBJECTIVES: To compare and assess the performance of 6 osteoporosis risk assessment tools for screening osteoporosis in Malaysian postmenopausal women. METHODS: Six osteoporosis risk assessments tools (the Simple Calculated Osteoporosis Risk...
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Risk Assessment of Injury to Palmar Cutaneous Branch of the Median Nerve Using High-Resolution Ultrasound

Jeong YH, Choi JH, Choi HS, Kang S, Yang SN, Yoon JS

OBJECTIVE: To evaluate the relationship between the palmar cutaneous branch of median nerve (PCBMN) and surrounding anatomical structures by using high-resolution ultrasound (HRUS) to assess the risk of PCBMN injury. METHODS:...
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The Occurrence and Risk Assessment of Exposure to Aflatoxin M₁ in Ultra-High Temperature and Pasteurized Milk in Hamadan Province of Iran

Nejad AS, Heshmati A, Ghiasvand

OBJECTIVES: Aflatoxins are a category of poisonous compounds found in most plants, milk and dairy products. The present research was carried out to detect the presence of aflatoxin M₁ (AFM₁)...
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Risk Assessment of Secondary Primary Malignancies in Nasopharyngeal Carcinoma: A Big-Data Intelligence Platform-Based Analysis of 6,377 Long-term Survivors from an Endemic Area Treated with Intensity-Modulated Radiation Therapy during 2003–2013

Zhang LL, Li GH, Li YY, Qi ZY, Lin AH, Sun Y

PURPOSE: The incidence, risk factors and survival impact of secondary primary malignancies (SPMs) among survivors of nasopharyngeal carcinoma (NPC) treated with definitive intensity-modulated radiation therapy (IMRT) with or without chemotherapy...
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Inhalation risk assessment of naphthalene emitted from deodorant balls in public toilets

Jung Y, Kim PG, Kwon JH

The inhalation of naphthalene used as deodorant balls in public toilets could be an important cancer risk factor. The atmospheric concentration of naphthalene in public toilets (C(in)) was estimated both...
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Fall Risk Assessment of Rural Elderly Population in Korea

Park D, Jo H, Yoon CH, Lee ES, Oh MK, Lee CH

OBJECTIVE: To investigate the risk factors for fall in the elderly population residing in rural areas of Korea and provide useful data for their prevention. METHODS: As part of farmers’ health...
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Benefits and risks of therapeutic alternatives for macrolide resistant Mycoplasma pneumoniae pneumonia in children

Yang HJ

Although Mycoplasma pneumoniae pneumonia (MPP) has been generally susceptible to macrolides, the emergence of macrolide-resistant MPP (MRMP) has made its treatment challenging. MRMP rapidly spread after the 2000s, especially in...
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Predictive Validity of Pressure Ulcer Risk Assessment Scales among Patients in a Trauma Intensive Care Unit

Choi JE, Hwang SK

PURPOSE: The aims of this study were to identify the incidence of pressure ulcers and to compare the predictive validities of pressure ulcer risk assessment scales among trauma patients. METHODS: This...
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Risk assessment of metabolic syndrome in adolescents using the triglyceride/high-density lipoprotein cholesterol ratio and the total cholesterol/high-density lipoprotein cholesterol ratio

Chu SY, Jung JH, Park MJ, Kim SH

PURPOSE: This study was conducted to investigate the distributions of the triglyceride (TG) to high-density lipoprotein-cholesterol (HDL-C) ratio and total cholesterol (TC) to HDL-C ratio, and to explore their usefulness...
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Multicenter Retrospective Risk Assessment of Esophageal Variceal Bleeding in Patients with Cirrhosis: An Acoustic Radiation Force Impulse Elastography-Based Prediction Model

Heo JY, Kim BK, Park JY, Kim DY, Ahn SH, Tak WY, Kweon YO, Han KH, Park SY, Kim SU

BACKGROUND/AIMS: Acoustic radiation force impulse (ARFI) elastography predicts the presence of esophageal varices (EVs). We investigated whether an ARFI-based prediction model can assess EV bleeding (EVB) risk in patients with...
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Introduction to in silico model for proarrhythmic risk assessment under the CiPA initiative

Park JS, Jeon JY, Yang JH, Kim MG

In 2005, the International Council for Harmonization (ICH) established cardiotoxicity assessment guidelines to identify the risk of Torsade de Pointes (TdP). It is focused on the blockade of the human...
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Risks and benefits of menopausal hormone therapy

Yoon BK

Menopausal hormone therapy (MHT) was widely used to improve quality of life by controlling menopausal symptoms, including vasomotor symptoms and urogenital atrophy. Furthermore, observational studies consistently reported beneficial effects of...
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Radiation Safety in Emergency Medicine: Balancing the Benefits and Risks

Azman RR, Shah MN, Ng KH

The use of computed tomography (CT) in emergency departments has increased over several decades, as physicians increasingly depend on imaging for diagnoses. Patients and medical personnel are put at risk...
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