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Occurrence of infections in schoolchildren subsequent to supplementation with vitamin D-calcium or zinc: a randomized, double-blind, placebo-controlled trial

Mandlik R, Mughal Z, Khadilkar , Chiplonkar S, Ekbote V, Kajale N, Patwardhan V, Padidela R, Khadilkar

BACKGROUND/OBJECTIVES: Vitamin D and zinc are recognized for their roles in immune-modulation, and their deficiencies are suggested to be important risk factors for childhood infections. This study, therefore, undertook to...
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MicroRNAs in Asthma and Respiratory Infections: Identifying Common Pathways

Taka S, Tzani-Tzanopoulou P, Wanstall H, Papadopoulos NG

MicroRNAs (miRs) are single-stranded RNAs of 18-25 nucleotides. These molecules regulate gene expression at the post-transcriptional level; several of these are differentially expressed in asthma as well as in viral...
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Five Korean Cases of Respiratory Tract Infection by Filamentous Basidiomycetes

Lee JM, Han E, Kim J, Park JH, Sung GH, Shin JH, Park YJ

No abstract available.
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Ethnobotany, Phytochemistry, and Pharmacology of Angelica decursiva Fr. et Sav.

Ali MY, Seong SH, Jannat S, Jung HA, Choi JS

Angelica decursiva Fr. et Sav. (Umbelliferae) has traditionally been used to treat different diseases due to its antitussive, analgesic, and antipyretic activities. It is also a remedy for thick phlegm,...
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Single or Dual Infection with Respiratory Syncytial Virus and Human Rhinovirus: Epidemiology and Clinical Characteristics in Hospitalized Children in a Rural Area of South Korea

Kwon Y, Cho WJ, Kim HM, Lee J

PURPOSE: Respiratory syncytial virus (RSV) and human rhinovirus (hRV) are the most common causes of child respiratory viral infections. We aimed to investigate epidemiological and clinical characteristics of RSV and...
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Evaluation of a Rapid Diagnostic Antigen Test Kit Ribotest Mycoplasma® for the Detection of Mycoplasma pneumoniae

Yang SI, Han MS, Kim SJ, Lee SY, Choi EH

PURPOSE: Early detection of Mycoplasma pneumoniae is important for appropriate antimicrobial therapy in children with pneumonia. This study aimed to evaluate the diagnostic value of a rapid antigen test kit...
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The Effects of Air Pollutants on the Prevalence of Common Ear, Nose, and Throat Diseases in South Korea: A National Population-Based Study

Park M, Lee JS, Park MK

OBJECTIVES: The effects of air pollutants on upper airway disease development have been seldom studied. In this study, we evaluated the effects of air pollution on the prevalence of ENT...
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Impact of the 2015 Middle East Respiratory Syndrome Outbreak on Emergency Care Utilization and Mortality in South Korea

Lee SY, Khang YH, Lim HK

PURPOSE: In May 2015, South Korea experienced an epidemic of Middle East respiratory syndrome (MERS). This study investigated the impacts of MERS epidemic on emergency care utilization and mortality in...
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Human Bocavirus Infection in Adults: Clinical Features and Radiological Findings

Lee HN, Koo HJ, Kim SH, Choi SH, Sung H, Do KH

OBJECTIVE: Human bocavirus (HBoV) is a newly identified pathogen that can cause upper and lower respiratory infections usually in children; however, its clinical characteristics and significance in respiratory infections in...
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PM(2.5) and pediatric asthma

Hwang YH, Kim SW

Air pollution does harm to the respiratory tracts. Fine particulate matter (PM(2.5)) attacks the lung directly passing through mucosal ciliary clearance, causes new-onset asthma, or exacerbates asthma symptoms in children....
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Dilemma of Asthma Treatment in Mild Patients

Cho YS, Oh YM

Inhaled corticosteroids (ICSs) have been widely used as a key medication for asthma control. However, ICSs have been known to cause respiratory infections, such as pneumonia and pulmonary tuberculosis. Consequently,...
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Anesthetic considerations during surgical intervention in Woake's syndrome: a case report

Choi SR, Kim JH, Chae KL, Lee SC, Park SY

BACKGROUND: Woake's syndrome (WS) is a recurrent nasal polyposis, accompanied by broadening of the nose, frontal sinus aplasia, dyscrinia, and bronchiectasis. There has been no previous report on anesthetic management...
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Systematic Review on the Efficacy and Safety of Erenumab for the Prevention of Migraine

Son P, Chae H, Ji E, Yoo BK

OBJECTIVE: This study aimed to provide efficacy and safety information on the use of erenumab for prevention of episodic and chronic migraines. METHODS: The keywords “Erenumab and migraine” were used to...
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Epidemiological Investigation of the Outbreak of Acute Respiratory Infection caused by Adenovirus Type B55 in a Physical Education School in 2017

Song J, Lee H, Cho E

BACKGROUND: On May 19, 2017, the cluster of 6 acute respiratory infections due to adenovirus in the swimming department of a physical education school (School J) was reported to Korea...
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Effects of Cordyceps militaris supplementation on the immune response and upper respiratory infection in healthy adults: a randomized, double-blind, placebo-controlled study

Jung SJ, Hwang JH, Oh MR, Chae SW

PURPOSE: Upper respiratory tract infections are major causes of the common cold throughout the world. Cordyceps militaris (C. militaris) is a well-known functional food for its anti-fatigue and immunomodulating activities....
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Comparison of Multiplex Real-Time Polymerase Chain Reaction Assays for Detection of Respiratory Viruses in Nasopharyngeal Specimens

Uwizeyimana JD, Kim MK, Kim D, Byun JH, Yong D

BACKGROUND: Respiratory tract infections are major public health threats, and the identification of their causative microbes helps clinicians to initiate timely and appropriate antimicrobial therapy and prevent the secondary spread...
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Primary Cardiac Hemangioendothelioma in an Infant: A Case Report

Seo JW, Song MK, Park SH, Park HE, Park SA

Primary cardiac tumors are rare, with a prevalence of 0.001–0.2%. Among such tumors, cardiac hemangioendotheliomas are some of the most uncommon. In Korea, there have been no reports of hemangioendothelioma...
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Risks of Completed Suicide of Community Individuals with ICD-10 Disorders Across Age Groups: A Nationwide Population-Based Nested Case-Control Study in South Korea

Na EJ, Lee H, Myung W, Fava M, Mischoulon D, Paik JW, Hong JP, Choi KW, Kim H, Jeon HJ

OBJECTIVE: Suicide is the leading cause of death in 10–39-year-olds in South Korea, and the second highest rate among the OECD countries. However, few studies have investigated the particularity of...
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Delafloxacin, a New Miracle in Antibiotics Armamentarium for Bacterial Infections

Rahman MS, Koh YS

The persistent antibiotics resistant issue has emerged as an influencing factor to deteriorate community health. So, new antibiotics development is urgent for the treatment of bacterial infections. Alternatively, delafloxacin is...
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Bacterial and Viral Identification Rate in Acute Exacerbation of Chronic Obstructive Pulmonary Disease in Korea

Choi J, Oh JY, Lee YS, Hur GY, Lee SY, Shim JJ, Kang KH, Min KH

PURPOSE: The most common cause of acute exacerbation of chronic obstructive pulmonary disease (AECOPD) is respiratory infection. Most studies of bacterial or viral cause in AECOPD have been conducted in...
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