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Effects of nasopharyngeal microbiota in respiratory infections and allergies

Kang HM, Kang JH

The human microbiome, which consists of a collective cluster of commensal, symbiotic, and pathogenic microorganisms living in the human body, plays a key role in host health and immunity. The...
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Risk factors for childhood pneumonia: a case-control study in a high prevalence area in Indonesia

Sutriana VN, Sitaresmi MN, Wahab A

Background: Acute respiratory infections (ARIs), especially pneumonia, remain a major cause of infant mortality worldwide. In Indonesia, pneumonia is the second most common cause of infant and toddler deaths. Exclusive...
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Nationwide Social Distancing and the Epidemiology of Severe Acute Respiratory Infections

Lee YS, Kang M, Cho J, Kang D, Min KH, Suh GY, Shim JJ, Jeon K, on behalf of Korean Study Group of Respiratory Infectious Disease, The Korean Academy of Tuberculosis and Respiratory Disease

Nonpharmaceutical interventions (e.g., social distancing) are recommended to prevent the spread of respiratory viruses. However, few epidemiological studies have assessed whether social distancing in actual settings reduces the disease burden...
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Human Rhinovirus Infection Enhances the Th2 Environment in Allergic and Non-allergic Patients with Chronic Rhinosinusitis

Ko YK, Zhang YL, Wee JH, Han DH, Kim HJ, Rhee CS

Objectives. This study was conducted to determine whether patients with allergic rhinitis might be more susceptible to human rhinovirus (HRV) infection and whether the effects of infection on the elicited...
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Effects of Oral Procaterol for Postinfectious Cough in Adults: Single-Centre, Randomized Double-Blind, Placebo-Controlled Trial

Pornsuriyasak P, Rattanasiri S, Unwanatham N, Kawamatawong T, Jankum P, Thakkinstian A

Background: Persistent cough following an upper respiratory tract infection (URTI) is common in clinical practice. We investigated the effects of procaterol on cough-specific quality of life (QoL) and peripheral-airway function...
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Clinical efficacy of respiratory virus detection by using the FilmArray method in children admitted with respiratory infection

Lee HJ, Park JH, Kim JM, Kim JH, Baek HS

Purpose: Respiratory virus infection is a common cause of hospitalization in children. Rapid testing for respiratory viruses, such as the FilmArray method, can be clinically useful. However, insufficient evidence exists...
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Pharmacologic therapy of olfaction disroders induced by COVID-19 upper respiratory infection

Min HJ

Postviral olfactory disorder refers to the sensorineural olfactory loss caused by upper respiratory tract infections. With the increasing awareness of olfactory or gustatory dysfunction as a potential early symptom of...
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Coronavirus epitope prediction from highly conserved region of spike protein

Yurina V

Purpose: The aim of this research was to predict the epitope for coronavirus family spike protein. Coronavirus family is highly evolved viruses which cause several outbreaks in the past decades. Therefore,...
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Preventive Measures during Outbreak of Coronavirus Disease 2019

Choi SH

Respiratory tract infections caused by severe acute respiratory syndrome coronavirus 2 (SARS-CoV-2) originating from China began in late 2019 and became prevalent worldwide in early 2020. Korea was one of...
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Clinical and Epidemiological Characteristics of Coronavirus Disease 2019 in the Early Stage of Outbreak

Heo JY

In December 2019, a novel coronavirus, which is now designated as severe acute respiratory syndrome coronavirus 2 (SARS-CoV-2), was first identified as the etiology of pneumonia of unknown cause in...
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Occurrence of infections in schoolchildren subsequent to supplementation with vitamin D-calcium or zinc: a randomized, double-blind, placebo-controlled trial

Mandlik R, Mughal Z, Khadilkar , Chiplonkar S, Ekbote V, Kajale N, Patwardhan V, Padidela R, Khadilkar

BACKGROUND/OBJECTIVES: Vitamin D and zinc are recognized for their roles in immune-modulation, and their deficiencies are suggested to be important risk factors for childhood infections. This study, therefore, undertook to...
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Prescription of Systemic Steroids for Acute Respiratory Infections in Korean Outpatient Settings: Overall Patterns and Effects of the Prescription Appropriateness Evaluation Policy

Kim T, Do YK

Objectives: The objective of this study was to identify individual and institutional factors associated with the prescription of systemic steroids in patients with acute respiratory infections and to investigate the...
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Factors Influencing the Practice of Respiratory Infection Prevention for the Elderly in Rural Areas

Kwon MS, Yu JS

PURPOSE: This study was to identify the factors influencing the practice of respiratory infection prevention (RIP) for the elderly residing in rural areas. METHODS: The data were collected from 188 residents...
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The Interplay between Host Immunity and Respiratory Viral Infection in Asthma Exacerbation

Hossain FM, Choi JY, Uyangaa E, Park SO, Eo SK

Asthma is one of the most common and chronic diseases characterized by multidimensional immune responses along with poor prognosis and severity. The heterogeneous nature of asthma may be attributed to...
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The Effects of Air Pollutants on the Prevalence of Common Ear, Nose, and Throat Diseases in South Korea: A National Population-Based Study

Park M, Lee JS, Park MK

OBJECTIVES: The effects of air pollutants on upper airway disease development have been seldom studied. In this study, we evaluated the effects of air pollution on the prevalence of ENT...
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Effects of Cordyceps militaris supplementation on the immune response and upper respiratory infection in healthy adults: a randomized, double-blind, placebo-controlled study

Jung SJ, Hwang JH, Oh MR, Chae SW

PURPOSE: Upper respiratory tract infections are major causes of the common cold throughout the world. Cordyceps militaris (C. militaris) is a well-known functional food for its anti-fatigue and immunomodulating activities....
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Benign Acute Childhood Myositis: Perplexing Complication after Acute Viral Pharyngitis

Choi SW, Ko H

Benign acute childhood myositis (BACM) is a rare transient condition that occurs in children during the early convalescent phase of a viral upper respiratory infection. BACM is self-limiting and characterized...
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Compliance with Respiratory Infection Preventive Behaviors and Its related Factors in Older Adults using a Senior Center

Park YH, Lee SH, Yi YM, Lee CY, Lee MH

PURPOSE: The purpose of this study is to identify factors related to compliance with respiratory infection preventive behaviors including hand washing, cough etiquette, and oral hygiene of older adults. METHODS: A...
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Knowledge and Behavior of Visitors in the Prevention of Respiratory Tract Infections in an Emergency Service, Hospital

Jo MJ, Moon KJ, Lee E

PURPOSE: The purpose of this study was to investigate the effects of emergency setting visitors' knowledge and behavior patterns in relation to prevention of respiratory tract infections. METHODS: A descriptive survey...
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Clinical characteristics of lower respiratory tract infection in low birth weight children

Yoon Y, Jung G, Ri S, Choung JT, Yoo Y

PURPOSE: Lower respiratory tract infection (LRTI) is one of the most common causes of hospitalization in the pediatric population. In this study, we investigated the clinical characteristics of LRTI, particularly...
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