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Reflex and Spontaneous Movements in Adult Patients during the Process of Determining Brain Death in Korea

Kim DH, Kwon OY, Yang TW, Kim M, Lee J, Cho W, Yeom JS, Kim YS

BACKGROUND: Brain death is a clinical diagnosis that implies irreversible loss of function of the entire brain, including the brainstem and both hemispheres. Based on previous reports, it is not...
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Emotional Stress Facilitates Micturition Reflex: Possible Inhibition by an α₁-Adrenoceptor Blocker in the Conscious and Anesthetized State

Hattori T, Sugaya K, Nishijima , Kadekawa K, Ueda T, Yamamoto H

PURPOSE: To test the hypothesis that naftopidil prolongs intercontraction intervals in rats undergoing chronic stress as observed in previous animal models, voiding behavior and bladder function were measured and analyzed. METHODS:...
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Loss of Reflex Tearing after Maxillary Orthognathic Surgery Case Report and Literature Review

Bang SR, Lee TE, You IC, Cho NC, Ahn M

PURPOSE: To report a case of unilateral loss of reflex tearing after double-jaw surgery with anatomy and mechanism. CASE SUMMARY: A 32-year-old woman complained of a 3-year history of loss of...
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Reflex and Spontaneous Movements of Patients in the Process of Determining Brain Death

Kim YS, Kim J, Kwon OY, Kim M, Lee J, Cho W, Kim DH, Yang TW, Kim SK

Brain death is a clinical diagnosis that implies irreversible loss of function of the entire brain, including the brainstem and both hemispheres. It is not uncommon for reflex and spontaneous...
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A Case of Frey's Syndrome Diagnosed and Followed Up Using the Quantitative Sudomotor Axon Reflex Test

Kim J, Kim M, Kim Y, Lee HL

No abstract available.
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Revisit Spinal Shock: Pattern of Reflex Evolution during Spinal Shock

Ko HY

When the spinal cord is suddenly severed, all the fundamental functions of the spinal cord below the level of injury including the spinal cord reflexes are immediately depressed, which is...
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Four Cases of Wernicke's Encephalopathy with Impaired Horizontal Vestibular Ocular Reflexes

Jang HS, Shin BS, Seo MW, Oh SY

Wernicke's encephalopathy (WE) is a neurological disorder induced by a dietary vitamin B1 (thiamine) deficiency which is characterized by encephalopathy, gait ataxia, and variant ocular motor dysfunction. In addition to...
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Quantitative Pupillometry of the Pupillary Light Reflex in Koreans

Bak E, Yoo YJ, Yang HK, Hwang JM

PURPOSE: To determine the normal ranges of various indexes of the pupillary light reflex measured by automated pupillometry in Koreans. METHODS: We retrospectively analyzed 90 healthy adults who did not have...
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Prolonged reflex bradycardia after occlusion of patent ductus arteriosus with an Amplatz canine duct occluder in a dog

Ro WB, Kang MH, Lee CM, Kim SG, Park HM

A 9-month-old intact male Maltese dog (1.52 kg) was diagnosed with a patent ductus arteriosus (PDA). Transcatheter occlusion of the PDA was performed by using the Amplatz canine duct occluder...
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Dental treatment in patients with severe gag reflex using propofol-remifentanil intravenous sedation

Shin S, Kim S

Patients with severe gag reflex (SGR) have difficulty getting the treatment they require in local clinics, and many tend to postpone the start of their treatment. To address this problem,...
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Dual control of the vestibulosympathetic reflex following hypotension in rats

Park SE, Jin YZ, Park BR

Orthostatic hypotension (OH) is associated with symptoms including headache, dizziness, and syncope. The incidence of OH increases with age. Attenuation of the vestibulosympathetic reflex (VSR) is also associated with an...
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Movement-induced Reflex Seizure Caused by Focal Subarachnoid Hemorrhage

Kang HG, Kim HW, Shin DS, Han HS, Ryu HU

No abstract available.
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Cardiovagal Baroreflex Sensitivity in Parkinson's Disease and Multiple-System Atrophy

Roy S, Jaryal AK, Srivastava AK, Deepak KK

BACKGROUND AND PURPOSE: Parkinson's disease (PD) and multiple-system atrophy of the parkinsonian type (MSA-P) are progressive neurodegenerative disorders that in addition to dysfunction of the motor system also present with...
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Neurophysiology of Laryngopharyngeal Reflux and Brainstem Reflex

Han BH, Hong KH

Laryngopharyngeal reflux disease (LPRD) is different with gastroesophageal reflux disease (GERD). The lower esophageal sphincter (LES) possesses an intrinsic nervous plexus that allows the LES to have a considerable degree...
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Functional Connections of the Vestibulo-spino-adrenal Axis in the Control of Blood Pressure Via the Vestibulosympathetic Reflex in Conscious Rats

Lu HJ, Li MH, Li MZ, Park SE, Kim MS, Jin YZ, Park BR

Significant evidence supports the role of the vestibular system in the regulation of blood pressure during postural movements. In the present study, the role of the vestibulo-spino-adrenal (VSA) axis in...
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Fixed Pupillary Light Reflex due to Peripheral Neuropathy after Liver Transplantation

Kim KH, Kim N, Na S, Jang J, Kim J

A 46-year-old female patient was admitted to the intensive care unit (ICU) after liver transplantation. About an hour later after the ICU admission, she had no pupillary light reflex. Both...
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A Case of an Esophageal Foreign Body with Iatrogenic Esophageal Perforation Caused by the Gag Reflex

Lee TI, Jang JY, Yoon K, Um YJ, Hong S, Kim JW, Chang YW

Esophageal foreign bodies are a common clinical problem; they can be removed via endoscopic intervention. However, sharp foreign bodies, such as fish bones, stuck in a physiological or pathological stenosis...
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Novel Information on Anatomic Factors Causing Grasp Reflex in Frontal Lobe Infarction: A Case Report

Choi I, Jung KI, Yoo WK, Jang S, Ohn SH

We report a patient with a severe limitation of function in the right hand resulting from grasp reflex following a stroke affecting the left anterior cerebral artery region. We describe,...
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Pathways of Neurogenic and Humoral Control in the Vestibulosympathetic Reflex of Conscious Rats

Jin GS, Lee GW, Park SE, Jin YZ, Park BR

OBJECTIVE: The vestibular system contributes control of blood pressure during postural changes through the vestibulosympathetic reflex. In the vestibulosympathetic reflex, afferent signals from the peripheral vestibular receptors are transmitted to...
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Effect of Vestibulosympathetic Reflex and Baroreflex on Expression of pERK in the Nucleus Tractus Solitarius following Acute Hypotension in Conscious Rats

Jiang X, Lan Y, Jin YZ, Park JY, Park BG, Ameer AN, Park BR

Control of blood pressure is maintained by the interaction between the arterial baroreflex and vestibulosympathetic reflex during postural changes. In this study, the contributions of vestibular receptors and baroreceptors to...
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