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Behavioral therapy and pharmacotherapy for relapse prevention in abstinent smokers: a rapid review and meta-analysis for the Korea Preventive Service Task Force

Lee N, Lee ES, Yun JM, Lee CM, Oh SW, Choi Y, Cho B

Objectives This study aimed to assess the effectiveness of relapse prevention interventions involving behavioral and pharmacological treatment among abstinent smokers. Methods This rapid review was conducted using MEDLINE, Cochrane CENTRAL, CINAHL, Embase, KMbase,...
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The role of percutaneous neurolysis in lumbar disc herniation: systematic review and meta-analysis

Manchikanti L, Knezevic E, Knezevic NN, Sanapati MR, Kaye AD, Thota S, Hirsch JA

Background: Recalcitrant disc herniation may result in chronic lumbar radiculopathy or sciatica. Fluoroscopically directed epidural injections and other conservative modalities may provide inadequate improvement in some patients. In these cases,...
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The Effects of Exercise Intervention for Post-Operative Breast Cancer Patients in Korea: A Systemic Review and Meta-Analysis of Randomized Controlled Trials

Lee Ds, Kim Hs, Choi So, Kim Em

Purpose: This study aimed to systematically evaluate literature related to the effects of exercise intervention programs on physical or psychological variables of post-operative breast cancer patients in Korea, and identify...
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Comparison of sandblasted and acid-etched surface implants and new hydrophilic surface implants in the posterior maxilla using a 3-month early-loading protocol: a randomized controlled trial

Kim HG, Yun PY, Kim YK, Kim Ih

Objectives: In this prospective randomized controlled trial, we measured the primary and secondary stability of two surface-treated implants placed in the posterior maxilla, applied 3-month loading protocols, and compared and...
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Effectiveness of tramadol compared to lignocaine as local anesthesia in the extraction of firm teeth: a randomized controlled trial

Goel M, Sen P, Maturkar T, Latke S, Dehankar T

Background: The aim of this study was to compare the local anesthetic effect of tramadol with that of lignocaine in the extraction of immobile (grade 0) maxillary first molars. Methods: This...
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Effect of Dapagliflozin as an Add-on Therapy to Insulin on the Glycemic Variability in Subjects with Type 2 Diabetes Mellitus (DIVE): A Multicenter, Placebo-Controlled, Double-Blind, Randomized Study

Lee SH, Min KW, Lee BW, Jeong IK, Yoo SJ, Kwon HS, Choi YH, Yoon KH

Background Glycemic variability is associated with the development of diabetic complications and hypoglycemia. However, the effect of sodium-glucose transporter 2 (SGLT2) inhibitors on glycemic variability is controversial. We aimed to examine...
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Effects of nursing intervention programs for women with gestational diabetes: a systematic review of randomized controlled trials

Kim J, Chung C

Purpose: This study aimed to identify the effects of nursing intervention programs for women with gestational diabetes mellitus (GDM) through a critical review of recent studies. Methods: Studies related to...
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Evidence-based treatment of osteoporotic vertebral compression fracture

Lee S, Cho DC, Kim KT, Lee YS

The prevalence and medical costs of osteoporotic vertebral compression fractures (OVCFs) are on the rise. However, a concrete evidence-based treatment guideline has not yet been established. Despite that numerous randomized...
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Effects of Handoff Education using Concept Mapping and PASS-BAR

Kim H, Kwon SH

Purpose: The purpose of this study was to identify effects of Handoff Education using Concept mapping and PASS-BAR (HECPAR) on clinical reasoning competence, self-efficacy for handoff, and handoff performance of...
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Romosozumab in Postmenopausal Korean Women with Osteoporosis: A Randomized, Double-Blind, Placebo-Controlled Efficacy and Safety Study

Baek KH, Chung YS, Koh JM, Kim IJ, Kim KM, Min YK, Park KD, Dinavahi R, Maddox J, Yang W, Kim S, Lee SJ, Cho H, Lim SK

Background: This phase 3 study evaluated the efficacy and safety of 6-month treatment with romosozumab in Korean postmenopausal women with osteoporosis. Methods: Sixty-seven postmenopausal women with osteoporosis (bone mineral density [BMD]...
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Effect of intracanal cryotherapy on postendodontic pain: a systematic review and meta-analysis of randomized controlled trials

Gupta A, Aggarwal V, Gurawa A, Mehta N, Abraham D, Singh A, Jala S, Chauhan N

This systematic review aimed to qualitatively and quantitatively evaluate the effectiveness of cryotherapy in the reduction of postendodontic pain. The review question was, "What will be the success rate of...
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The Effect of Long-lasting Permethrin Impregnated Socks on Tick Bite in Korea

Han MA, Kim CM, Yun NR, Kim DM, Park SM, Kim H, Shin HH

Background: The risk of tick-borne diseases is decreased by increasing awareness and knowledge through prevention education. The aim of the present study was to evaluate the effect of long-lasting permethrin...
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Radiofrequency Ablation Using a Separable Clustered Electrode for the Treatment of Hepatocellular Carcinomas: A Randomized Controlled Trial of a DualSwitching Monopolar Mode Versus a Single-Switching Monopolar Mode

Choi JW, Lee JM, Lee DH, Yoon JH, Kim YJ, Lee JH, Yu SJ, Cho EJ

Objective: This study aimed to prospectively compare the efficacy, safety, and mid-term outcomes of dual-switching monopolar (DSM) radiofrequency ablation (RFA) to those of conventional single-switching monopolar (SSM) RFA in the...
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Switching to Once-Daily Insulin Degludec/Insulin Aspart from Basal Insulin Improves Postprandial Glycemia in Patients with Type 2 Diabetes Mellitus: Randomized Controlled Trial

Cho KY, Nakamura A, Oba-Yamamoto C, Tsuchida K, Yanagiya S, Manda N, Kurihara Y, Aoki S, Atsumi T, Miyoshi H

BackgroundTo explore the efficacy and safety of switching from once-daily basal insulin therapy to once-daily pre-meal injection insulin degludec/insulin aspart (IDegAsp) with respect to the glycemic control of participants with...
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South Korean Study to Prevent Cognitive Impairment and Protect Brain Health Through Lifestyle Intervention in At-Risk Elderly People: Protocol of a Multicenter, Randomized Controlled Feasibility Trial

Park HK, Jeong JH, Moon SY, Park YK, Hong CH, Na HR, Song HS, Lee SM, Choi M, Park KW, Kim BC, Cho SH, Chun BO, Choi SH

Background and Purpose The prevalence of dementia is increasing in South Korea. Multidomain interventions may be useful for preventing dementia. Such programs need to be disseminated to elderly Koreans throughout the...
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Optimized Image-Based Surrogate Endpoints in Targeted Therapies for Glioblastoma: A Systematic Review and Meta-Analysis of Phase III Randomized Controlled Trials

Suh CH, Kim HS, Jung SC, Choi CG, Kim SJ, Kim KW

OBJECTIVE: We aimed to determine the optimized image-based surrogate endpoints (IBSEs) in targeted therapies for glioblastoma through a systematic review and meta-analysis of phase III randomized controlled trials (RCTs). MATERIALS AND...
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Role of Transcutaneous Electrical Nerve Stimulation in Treating Children With Overactive Bladder From Pooled Analysis of 8 Randomized Controlled Trials

Cui H, Yao Y, Xu Z, Gao Z, Wu J, Zhou Z, Cui Y

Purpose: Transcutaneous electrical neural stimulation (TENS), as a non-invasive modality, has been clinically used as an alternative treatment for children with overactive bladder (OAB). We conducted a pooled analysis to...
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The efficacy and safety of miniaturized percutaneous nephrolithotomy versus standard percutaneous nephrolithotomy: A systematic review and meta-analysis of randomized controlled trials

Feng D, Hu X, Tang Y, Han P, Wei X

PURPOSE: Our aim was to assess the efficacy and safety of miniaturized percutaneous nephrolithotomy (mPCNL) versus standard PCNL (sPCNL) to provide higher-level evidence. MATERIALS AND METHODS: Eligible randomized controlled trials were...
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Meta-Analysis of the Efficacy and Safety of Imidafenacin for Overactive Bladder Induced by Benign Prostatic Hyperplasia in Men Receiving Alpha-Blocker Therapy

Cai T, Wang N, Liang L, Zhou Z, Zhang Y, Cui Y

Purpose: The aim of this meta-analysis was to evaluate the efficacy and safety of imidafenacin for overactive bladder (OAB) induced by benign prostatic hyperplasia (BPH) in men receiving alpha-blocker monotherapy. Methods:...
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Effect of enhanced recovery after surgery protocol on recovery after open hepatectomy: a randomized clinical trial

Nakanishi W, Miyagi S, Tokodai K, Fujio A, Sasaki K, Shono Y, Unno M, Kamei T

Purpose: Enhanced recovery after surgery (ERAS) is beneficial to patients undergoing digestive surgery. However, its efficacy in patients undergoing open hepatectomy remains unclear. Methods: Consecutive patients scheduled for open hepatectomy were...
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