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A Case of Pontine Infarction with Facial Palsy and Vertigo Confused with Ramsay Hunt Syndrome

Park JS, Kim SH, Lee JY, Kim MB

Facial palsy can be caused by central and peripheral causes, and it can also be caused by brain tumors or infarction. A 59-year-old male, who lost his right hearing 13...
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Hemidystonia after Pontine Hemorrhage Successfully Treated with Pharmacotherapy and Intensive Rehabilitation: a Case Report

Kim GS, Jeong YG, Jeong YJ, Yoon SY

Dystonia is a movement disorder characterized by involuntary contraction of muscles resulting in repetitive or twisting movements. Dystonia is generally caused by basal ganglia dysfunction.Recent studies have reported an association...
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One-and-a-half Syndrome Associated with Multiple Sclerosis in a 14-year-old Girl

Lim YJ, Lee SJ

Purpose: To report the case of a 14-year-old female patient with one-and-a-half syndrome subsequently diagnosed with multiple sclerosis involving the pons. Case summary: A 14-year-old girl without any underlying disease presented...
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What is chronic lymphocytic inflammation with pontine perivascular enhancement responsive to steroids?

Kim BJ, Park KM

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Past, Present, and Future in the Study of Neural Control of the Lower Urinary Tract

Kim JW, Kim SJ, Park JM, Na YG, Kim KH

The neurological coordination of the lower urinary tract can be analyzed from the perspective of motor neurons or sensory neurons. First, sensory nerves with receptors in the bladder and urethra...
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Brain MRI Findings of the Cri-Du-Chat Syndrome: A Case Report and Summary

Choi JS, Yoo EA, Choi JO, Kim SJ

Cri-du-chat syndrome is a rare genetic disorder in which the patient presents with a characteristic high-pitched monotonous cry and recurrent aspiration pneumonia, attributed to abnormalities in the larynx, epiglottis, and...
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The Neurochemical Effects of Prazosin Treatment on Fear Circuitry in a Rat Traumatic Stress Model

Ketenci S, Acet NG, Sarıdoğan GE, Aydın B, Cabadak H, Gören MZ

Objective: The timing of administration of pharmacologic agents is crucial in traumatic stress since they can either potentiate the original fear memory or may cause fear extinction depending on the...
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A Case of Abnormal Postures in the Left Extremities after Pontine Hemorrhage: Dystonia or Pseudodystonia?

Park CW, Chung SJ, Sohn YH, Lee PH

It is difficult to determine the pathoanatomical correlates of dystonia because of its complex pathophysiology, and most cases with secondary dystonia are associated with basal ganglia lesions. Moreover, it is...
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Pontine Hypoplasia and Cri-du-chat Syndrome in a Preterm Infant

Jung YJ

A premature infant with gestational age 36⁺⁴ weeks was admitted with respiratory distress syndrome. Surfactant and ventilation were firstly done to improve his respiration. After extubation, weak, high-pitched cry and...
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Unilateral Sudden Deafness Accompanied by Short Circumferential Pontine Artery Territorial Infarction

Han SW, Ha SW, Hwang IH, Lee S, Kim SM, Yang Y, Han JH, Cho HS

No abstract available.
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Primary Pontine Glioblastoma Multiforme: A Case Report and Review of the Literature

Baik J, Baek HJ, Moon JI, Cho SB, Choi BH, Bae K, Jeon KN, Choi DS, Shin HS

Glioblastoma multiforme (GBM) most commonly occurs in the pons while it is rare in the brainstem. However, diagnosis of brainstem GBM can be difficult due to its rarity and nonspecific...
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Diffusion Tensor Tractography of the Brainstem Pyramidal Tract: A Study on the Optimal Reduction Factor in Parallel Imaging

Bae YJ, Park JB, Kim JH, Choi BS, Jung C

PURPOSE: Parallel imaging mitigates susceptibility artifacts that can adversely affect diffusion tensor tractography (DTT) of the pons depending on the reduction (R) factor. We aimed to find the optimal R...
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A Long-Term Follow-up of Pontine Hemorrhage With Hearing Loss

Kim SK, Kim AR, Kim JY, Kim DY

A pontine intracranial hemorrhage (ICH) evokes several neurological symptoms, due to the various nuclei and nerve fibers; however, hearing loss from a pontine ICH is rare. We have experienced a...
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Functional Neuroanatomy of Brain Stem

Kim DY

The brain stem consists of medulla oblongta, pons and midbrain. It is sited in posterior cranial fossa. It contains numerous intrinsic neuron cell bodies and their processes, some of which...
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Central Hyperthermia Treated With Baclofen for Patient With Pontine Hemorrhage

Lee HC, Kim JM, Lim JK, Jo YS, Kim SK

  • KMID: 2407889
  • Ann Rehabil Med.
  • 2014 Apr;38(2):269-272.
Central hyperthermia is a very rare disease; however, once it happens, it is associated with a poor prognosis and high mortality for patients with severe brainstem strokes. Following a pontine...
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Characteristics of Corticospinal Tract Area According to Pontine Level

Seo JP, Jang SH

Diffusion tensor imaging (DTI) allows to isolate the corticospinal tract (CST) area from adjacent structures. Using DTI, we investigated the characteristics of the CST areas according to the pontine level...
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Somatotopic Arrangement and Location of the Corticospinal Tract in the Brainstem of the Human Brain

Jang SH

The corticospinal tract (CST) is the most important motor pathway in the human brain. Detailed knowledge of CST somatotopy is important in terms of rehabilitative management and invasive procedures for...
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Predictors of 30-day Mortality and 90-day Functional Recovery after Primary Pontine Hemorrhage

Jang JH, Song YG, Kim YZ

The factors related to death and functional recovery after primary pontine hemorrhage (PPH) in Koreans has not been well defined. The authors sought to identify independent predictors of death and...
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Isolated Orthostatic Hypotension Secondary to Pontine Hemorrhage

Chung JW, Sunwoo JS, Kwon HM

  • KMID: 2343394
  • J Korean Neurol Assoc.
  • 2010 Nov;28(4):342-343.
No abstract available.
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Presumed Metastasis of Breast Cancer to the Abducens Nucleus Presenting as Gaze Palsy

Han SB, Kim JH, Hwang JM

A 51-year-old woman with breast cancer presented with progressive diplopia. Neuro-ophthalmologic examination revealed right gaze palsy and peripheral facial nerve palsy. Brain magnetic resonance imaging (MRI) was normal. However, two...
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