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Clinical features of children with drug poisoning in a single emergency department in Goyang, Korea

Park JM

Purpose: Pediatric drug poisoning is a frequent reason for emergency department (ED) visits. Considering the increasing number of mental illnesses in adolescents, it has become a serious public health problem....
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A case of esophageal perforation caused by suicidal caffeine poisoning in a teenager

Kim SJ, Choi Yj, Lee KS, Jang HJ, Moon JH, Kim YJ, Yang S

Spontaneous esophageal perforation (also known as Boerhaave syndrome) is associated with sudden increase in intra-esophageal pressure by vomiting, coughing or straining at stool. This case describes a 13-year-old girl who...
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A case of methamphetamine intoxication in an adolescent

Kim JH, Jung JY, Park JW, Lee EJ, Lee HN, Jue JH

With the age of exposure to illegal substances decreasing and abuse of drugs such as methamphetamine increasing, substance abuse is no longer limited to adults. We report a Korean case...
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Factors predicting meaningful suicide attempts: multiple attempts and index methods

Koo C, Bae G, Kim HJ, Eun S, Yoon SH, Kim MK, Chung HS, Kwon HE

Purpose: This study investigated the association of the index method, defined as the method used in the first suicide attempt (SA), with the outcome of SAs among adolescents. Methods: The study...
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Comparison of the Clinical Characteristics of Pediatric Poisoning Patients Who Visited Emergency Department Before and During the COVID-19 Pandemic

Park J, Jeon W, Ko Y, Choi YJ, Yang H, Lee J

Background: We aimed to investigate changes in the clinical characteristics of pediatric poisoning patients who visited the emergency department (ED) before and during the coronavirus disease 2019 (COVID-19) pandemic. Methods: Poisoning...
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Death Due to Acrylic Adhesive (Dichloromethane): A Case Report

Hyun HB, Park JY, Park HS, Hong JH, Ko MG, Kang HW, Lim HS

Deaths due to dichloromethane (DCM) poisoning are mainly caused due to accidents at industrial sites, and suicidal cases are known to be rare. Herein, we report a case of a...
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Diffusion-Weighted Imaging for Detecting Glufosinate Ammonium Intoxication: A Case Report

Kim HY, Park NH

Glufosinate ammonium-containing herbicides are non-selective herbicides, used worldwide. With the increasing use of glufosinate ammonium-containing herbicides, cases of acute intoxication in suicide attempts have also increased. Herein, we report a...
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Posterior Reversible Encephalopathy Syndrome in a Patient with Intoxication of Arisaema amurense

Kim HJ, Ko J, Kim M, Kang CH, Kang JH, Kang SY, Kim JG

Arisaema amurense is well-known as a poisonous plant. Its toxicity is probably due to calcium oxalate crystal, which provokes the painful oropharyngeal edema, hypersalivation, aphonia, oral ulceration, airway obstruction and...
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Prognostic value of the myeloperoxidase index for early prediction of neurologic outcome in acute carbon monoxide poisoning

Moon JS, Kim SH, Cha YS

Objective Carbon monoxide (CO) activates intravascular neutrophils through platelet-neutrophil aggregates, which cause neutrophil degranulation. This process causes the release of myeloperoxidase (MPO), proteases, and reactive oxygen species. The MPO index...
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Clinical analysis of Korean adult patients with acute pharmaceutical drug poisoning who visited the emergency department

Lee C, Kim S, Kim SH, Cho GC, Lee JH, Park EJ, Lee DH

  • KMID: 2533744
  • J Korean Soc Emerg Med.
  • 2022 Aug;33(4):388-396.
Objective: This study classified patients with acute pharmaceutical drug poisoning who visited the emergency department (ED) to identify clinical characteristics that could be used as the foundation for poisoning prevention...
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Inflammatory cytokines in patients with pesticide poisoning: a pilot study

Kim HJ, Kim WJ, Lee DW, Jung SH, Cho NJ, Park S, Lee EY, Gil HW

Purpose: Acute pesticide poisoning is lethal and can lead to death. A few studies about the effects of acute pesticide poisoning have focused on the immune system. In the current...
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Comparison of medical history based diagnosis and urine test using ultra-performance liquid chromatographytandem mass spectrometry in drug overdose

Lee JY, Cha K, Jeong WJ, Kim HM, So BH

Purpose: In patients with acute drug overdose, identification of drugs ingested is crucial to make a precise diagnosis. In most cases, the diagnoses are made on the medical history and...
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Clinical experience of hemoperfusion treatment in children with paraquat poisoning

Jeon HY, Roh DE

Paraquat is a fatal, rapid-acting, nonselective herbicide. Despite the restriction of production and sales of the herbicide in Korea since 2012, already purchased paraquat can incur poisoning. This article describes...
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A study of factors influencing the length of stay in the emergency department of patients who were admitted after a self-poisoning suicidal attempt

Lee G, Cho E, Cho JH, Sim HB, Park J, Pyo CH, Park HK, Park K

  • KMID: 2524964
  • J Korean Soc Emerg Med.
  • 2021 Dec;32(6):647-656.
Objective: A suicide attempt by self-poisoning is a common cause of admissions to the emergency department (ED). Management of such intentiona poisoning often requires complicated medical procedures, resulting in a...
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Understanding the status of acute poisoning patients who visited the emergency room in 2018: using sample in-depth survey data

Lee H, Won S, Lee JH, Seo YR, Yun SY

  • KMID: 2524963
  • J Korean Soc Emerg Med.
  • 2021 Dec;32(6):636-646.
Objective: This study examined the characteristics of acute poisoning patients who visited the emergency room to use as data for developing the treatment support project of acute poisoning patients. Methods: A...
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The outcomes of pesticide poisoning in accordance with toxicity grade: is the slightly hazardous toxicity not harmful?

Lim GT, Kim HI

  • KMID: 2524962
  • J Korean Soc Emerg Med.
  • 2021 Dec;32(6):627-635.
Objective: Emergency physicians frequently encounter suicidal attempt patients. Some of the patients are intoxicated with the pesticides. Unlike medical drugs, finding out detailed information in terms of human toxicity is...
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Poisoning due to consumption of horse chestnut seed

Yi HY, Lee JY

Horse chestnut (Aesculus hippocastanum) is a common tree found on roads and parks. The shape of the fruit is very similar to that of the edible Korean chestnut (Castanea crenata);...
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Severe lupin bean intoxication: an anticholinergic toxidrome

Ozkaya PY, Ari HF, Turanli EE, Koc G, Karapinar B

Lupin beans are the yellow legume seeds of the genus Lupinus. They are traditionally eaten as a pickled snack in many countries. Bitter lupin beans have a high amount of...
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A case of various clinical aspects associated with cardiotoxicity after glufosinate poisoning

Ki, ST

Glufosinate-containing herbicides is a non-selective herbicide commonly used worldwide. As the use of them increased gradually since paraquat was banned in 2012, the number of suicides by their ingestion is...
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A satisfaction survey of toxicological laboratory: Survey of regional and local emergency medical centers

Son DW, Kang JH, Kim YW, Park CH, Yoon YS, Ji JG

Purpose: The purpose of this study is to find out the current status of toxicology laboratory operated by six locations nationwide and to investigate the satisfaction of emergency medical professionals...
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