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Endoscopic removal of common bile duct stones in nonagenarians: a tertiary centre experience

Jalal M, Khan A, Ijaz S, Gariballa M, El-Sherif Y, Al-Joudeh A

Background/Aims: There are few studies assessed the efficacy and mortality of endoscopic retrograde cholangiopancreatography (ERCP) for the removal of common bile duct (CBD) stones in the elderly aged ≥90 years....
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Evaluation of the BioFire FilmArray Pneumonia Panel for the Detection of Bacterial Respiratory Pathogens and Antimicrobial Resistance Genes in Endotracheal Aspirate Specimens

Lee WG, Kim J, Shin SS, Park JW

Background: Rapid detection of the causative agents is essential for determining the appropriate treatment for patients with lower respiratory tract infections. We evaluated the performance of the Biofire FilmArray pneumonia...
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Epidemiological Investigation and Control Measures of a Case of Nosocomial Legionella Pneumonia in a Pediatric Hematopoietic Stem Cell Transplantation Unit

Yang J, Cho SY, Shin L, Kim DM, Jeong JS, Chung DR

Background: Nosocomial legionellosis is associated with high mortality. Here, we present the results of an epidemiological investigation and the control measures undertaken for a case of nosocomial Legionella pneumonia at...
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Clinical Utility of Procalcitonin on Antibiotic Stewardship: A Narrative Review

Kim JH

Procalcitonin (PCT) was discovered as a useful marker for bacterial infection. Following its discovery, there have been a substantial number of clinical studies conducted to evaluate the presence of bacterial...
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Co-Infection in COVID-19 Pneumonia: Discussion Continues

Strelkova D, Rachina S, Klimenko A, Yatsyshina S, Cheboksarov D, Cherkasova T, Ramazanov N, Ananicheva N

Sixty-six patients with laboratory-confirmed severe acute respiratory syndrome coronavirus 2 and pneumonia on chest computer tomography were prospectively recruited. A combined respiratory swab for polymerase chain reaction (PCR), urine sample...
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Herpes Simplex Virus Type 1 with Concomitant Pneumonia and Urinary Tract Infection in an Older Patient: A Case Report

Jung SK, Sung WJ, Kim EJ

A 76-year-old female patient was unable to ambulate due to sequelae of cerebrovascular disease and had been living in a healthcare facility. On admission, the patient was diagnosed with sepsis...
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Epidemiology and surveillance implications of community-acquired pneumonia in children

Roh EJ, Shim JY, Chung EH

Community-acquired pneumonia (CAP) is the single largest infectious cause of hospitalization and death in children worldwide. With improved immunizations, the incidence of bacterial pneumonia and the number of colonized bacteria...
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Cynomolgus Macaque Model for COVID-19 Delta Variant

Baek SH, Oh H, Koo BS, Kim G, Hwang EH, Jung H, An YJ, Park JH, Hong JJ

With the spread of severe acute respiratory syndrome coronavirus 2 (SARS-CoV-2) variants, which are randomly mutated, the dominant strains in regions are changing globally. The development of preclinical animal models...
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The incidence and risk factors of extrapulmonary manifestations in Mycoplasma pneumoniae pneumonia

Park YK, Park YN, Moon JE, Kim HB, Shin M, Lee E, Kim CH, Lee JS, Lee YJ, Kim BS, Kim HY, Jung S, Kim Y, Kim S, Park C, Seo JH, Shim JY, Sol IS, Sung M, Song DJ, Ahn YM, Oh HL, Yu J, Lee KS, Jang GC, Jang YY, Chung HL, Chung EH, Choi SM, Choi YJ, Han MY, Kim JT, Kim CK, Yang HJ

Purpose: Mycoplasma pneumoniae pneumonia (MP) is a major cause of community-acquired pneumonia (CAP) in children and is associated with extrapulmonary manifestations (EPM). The incidence and risk factors for EPM in...
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Pattern and risk factor of lower respiratory illness in children who survived meconium aspiration syndrome

Kim KH, Kim D, Youn Y, Lee J, Kim HS

Purpose: Meconium aspiration syndrome (MAS) occurs when aspiration of meconium itself or meconium-stained amniotic fluid enters into the airways. The relationship between MAS and how they affect the respiratory outcome...
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Spatiotemporal Clusters and Trends of Pneumocystis Pneumonia in Korea

Kim HS, Nam HW, Ahn HJ, Lee SH, Kim YH

This study determined the recent status and trend of Pneumocystis jirovecii pneumonia (PcP) in the non-human immunodeficiency virus (HIV) (non-HIV-PcP) and HIV (HIV-PcP) infected populations using data from the Health...
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Chest multidetector computed tomography imaging of COVID-19 pneumonia patients with hematologic malignancies

El-Badrawy A, Elbadrawy N

Background Data on the association between coronavirus disease 2019 (COVID-19) and the epidemiology and outcomes of hematological malignancies are limited. Hence, the present study aimed to assess the imaging findings using...
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The role of neutrophil-to-lymphocyte ratio for the prediction of intensive care unit admission among community-acquired pneumonia patients, hospitalized through the emergency department

Lee DH, Park SY, Park SH, Kim SH, Zhu J, Choi SP, Oh JH

  • KMID: 2533738
  • J Korean Soc Emerg Med.
  • 2022 Aug;33(4):338-345.
Objective: Multiple criteria have been proposed to assess the severity of community-acquired pneumonia (CAP) and predict intensive care unit (ICU) admissions. The neutrophil-to-lymphocyte ratio (NLR) is an inflammatory marker actively...
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Fatal Pneumonia Caused by Omicron Subvariant BA.2 of Severe Acute Respiratory Syndrome Coronavirus 2 with the Pulmonary Tuberculosis

Heo JH, Park YI, Ko YS, Song HS, Ham SH, Kwon H, Na JY

The coronavirus disease 2019 (COVID-19) pandemic resulted from severe acute respiratory syndrome coronavirus 2 (SARS-CoV-2). Variants of SARSCoV-2 have caused distinct COVID-19 surges worldwide. The Omicron variant has replaced other...
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Obesity Is a Related Factor With Severe COVID-19 Pneumonia in Children: A Case Series

Kim DJ, Song E, Jeon KN, Park SE, Seo JH

A small proportion of children with coronavirus disease 2019 (COVID-19) develop severe pneumonia. We reported the severe COVID-19 pneumonia in children aged
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The Association Between Antihypertensive Drug Use and Hospitalization for Pneumonia in the General Population: A Case-Crossover Study Using the National Health Insurance Database of Korea

Park D, Yun JH, Chun S, Oh BM, Kim HS

Background: Previous studies have reported an association between pneumonia risk and the use of certain drugs. We investigated the relationship between antihypertensive drugs and pneumonia in the general population. Methods: This...
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Continuing Quality Assessment Program Improves Clinical Outcomes of Hospitalized Community-Acquired Pneumonia: A Nationwide CrossSectional Study in Korea

An TJ, Myong JP, Lee YH, Kwon SO, Shim EK, Shin JH, Yoon HK, Jeong SH

Background: Pneumonia, which is the third leading cause of death in South Korea, is continuously increasing with the aging society. The Health Insurance Review and Assessment of South Korea conducted...
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Early assessment of aspiration risk in acute stroke by fiberoptic endoscopy in critically ill patients

Elsyaad MSA, Fayed AM, Megahed MMAS, Hamouda NH, Elmenshawy AM

Background: Fiberoptic endoscopic evaluation of swallowing (FEES) has been recommended to assess aspiration in stroke. This study aimed to determine the diagnostic and prognostic roles of FEES in the early...
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Mesenchymal Stem Cell-Derived Extracellular Vesicles in the Management of COVID19-Associated Lung Injury: A Review on Publications, Clinical Trials and Patent Landscape

Krishnan A, Muthusamy S, Fernandez FB, Kasoju N

The unprecedented COVID-19 pandemic situation forced the scientific community to explore all the possibilities from various fields, and so far we have seen a lot of surprises, eureka moments and...
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Clinical characteristics and associated factors of Mycoplasma pneumoniae pneumonia with atelectasis in children

Lee M, Kim YA, Jung S

Purpose: Patients with Mycoplasma pneumoniae pneumonia (MPP) can develop atelectasis, and some cases of atelectasis may persist for over 4 weeks. However, the risk factors for the development and persistence...
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