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Korean Guidelines for Diagnosis and Management of Interstitial Lung Diseases: Part 4. Cryptogenic Organizing Pneumonia

Choi SI, Jung WJ, Lee EJ

Cryptogenic organizing pneumonia (COP) is a type of idiopathic interstitial pneumonia with an acute or subacute clinical course. Bilateral lung consolidations located in the subpleural area and bronchovascular bundle are...
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The Effect of the Timing of Dexamethasone Administration in Patients with COVID-19 Pneumonia

Lee HW, Park J, Lee JK, Park TY, Heo EY

Background: Despite the proven benefits of dexamethasone in hospitalized coronavirus disease 2019 (COVID-19) patients, the optimum time for the administration of dexamethasone is unknown. We investigated the progression of COVID-19...
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Clinical and Microbiologic Efficacy and Safety of Imipenem/Cilastatin/ Relebactam in Complicated Infections: A Meta-analysis

Sahra S, Jahangir A, Hamadi R, Jahangir A, Glaser A

Background: Antimicrobial resistance is on the rise. The use of redundant and inappropriate antibiotics is contributing to recurrent infections and resistance. Newer antibiotics with more robust coverage for Gram-negative bacteria...
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Adult-onset Atypical Stevens-Johnson Syndrome with HLA-A*11:01 and HLA-A*31:01 Alleles

Kim M, Chun YS, Kim KW

Purpose: We report a case of adult-onset atypical Stevens-Johnson syndrome (SJS) in which only the oral and ocular mucosae were involved, without skin lesions. Case summary: A 33-year-old man was...
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Clinically Significant Monocyte Biomarker for Differential Diagnosis of COVID-19 Pneumonia in the Emergency Department

Kim HW, Jeon JC, Choi WI, Lee JY, Kwon YS, Lee MJ, Cho JW, Kim G, Mun YH, Lee SH

Objectives: To determine basic patient characteristics and biomarkers to help in the early diagnosis of Coronavirus disease 2019 (COVID-19) pneumonia in patients with pneumonia who visited the emergency department (ED). Methods:...
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Different therapeutic associations of renin-angiotensin system inhibitors with coronavirus disease 2019 compared with usual pneumonia

Lee HY, Ahn J, Park J, Kang CK, Won SH, Kim DW, Park JH, Chung KH, Joh JS, Bang JH, Kang CH, Oh Md, Pyun WB, The Korean Society of Hypertension, The National Committee for Clinical Management of Emerging Infectious Diseases

Background/Aims: Although it is near concluded that renin-angiotensin system inhibitors do not have a harmful effect on coronavirus disease 2019 (COVID-19), there is no report about whether angiotensin receptor blockers...
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Spectrum of Pulmonary Fibrosis from Interstitial Lung Abnormality to Usual Interstitial Pneumonia: Importance of Identification and Quantification of Traction Bronchiectasis in Patient Management

Hino T, Lee KS, Han J, Hata A, Ishigami K, Hatabu H

Following the introduction of a novel pathological concept of usual interstitial pneumonia (UIP) by Liebow and Carrington in 1969, diffuse interstitial pneumonia has evolved into UIP, nonspecific interstitial pneumonia (NSIP),...
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Case of cytomegalovirus pneumonia presented as pneumothorax in 4-month-old healthy infant

Kang DH, Kim SY, Kim YE, Koh HJ, Ahn YH

Cytomegalovirus (CMV) is the most common agent of congenital infections and opportunistic infections in an immunocompromised host. CMV in an immunocompetent host has inapparent infections, which are usually asymptomatic or...
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Correlation of Videofluoroscopic Swallowing Study Findings With Radionuclide Salivagram in Chronic Brain-Injured Patients

Shim GY, Oh JS, Han S, Choi K, Lee SM, Kim MW

Objective To investigate the correlation between videofluoroscopic swallowing study (VFSS) and radionuclide salivagram findings in chronic brain-injured patients with dysphagia. Methods Medical records of chronic brain-injured patients who underwent radionuclide salivagram...
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Predictors of Aspiration Pneumonia in the Elderly With Swallowing Dysfunction: Videofluoroscopic Swallowing Study

Ko JY, Shin DY, Kim TU, Kim SY, Hyun JK, Lee SJ

Objective To identify the variables of videofluoroscopic swallowing study (VFSS) that are useful for predicting the risk of aspiration pneumonia in elderly patients with dysphagia. Methods A total of 251 patients...
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Antimicrobial Susceptibility Trends of Streptococcus pneumoniae by Age Groups Over Recent 10 Years in a Single Hospital in South Korea

Oh H, Heo ST, Kim M, Kim YR, Yoo JR

Purpose: Streptococcus pneumoniae (S. pneumoniae) causes respiratory tract infections. Its non-vaccine serotypes and multidrug-resistant pneumococcal diseases have increased during the post-pneumococcal vaccination era. Therefore, it is important to understand the...
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Factors Associated with Worsening Oxygenation in Patients with Non-severe COVID-19 Pneumonia

Hahm CR, Lee YK, Oh DH, Ahn MY, Choi JP, Kang NR, Oh J, Choi H, Kim S

Background: This study aimed to determine the parameters for worsening oxygenation in non-severe coronavirus disease 2019 (COVID-19) pneumonia. Methods: This retrospective cohort study included cases of confirmed COVID-19 pneumonia in a...
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The Association between Mortality and the Oxygen Saturation and Fraction of Inhaled Oxygen in Patients Requiring Oxygen Therapy due to COVID-19–Associated Pneumonia

Choi KJ, Hong Hl, Kim EJ

Background: The coronavirus disease (COVID-19) can manifest in a range of symptoms, including both asymptomatic systems which appear nearly non-existent to the patient, all the way to the development of...
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Fibrinolysis with Lower Dose Urokinase in Patients with Complicated Parapneumonic Effusion

Lee S, Lee H, Lee DH, Kang BH, Roh MS, Son C, Kim SH, Lee HK, Um SJ

Background: Intrapleural urokinase is one of the most widely used fibrinolytic agents in the treatment of complicated parapneumonic effusion (CPPE). However, little research has been performed on the optimal urokinase...
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Impact of a Doctor's Verbal Recommendation on Pneumococcal 13-Valent Conjugate Vaccine among High-Risk Patients for Pneumonia in a Primary Care Setting

Kim J, Lee S, Kim JS

Background: Streptococcus pneumoniae is the main bacterial pathogen of community-acquired pneumonia in Korea. This study aimed to enhance the vaccination rate by evaluating the effectiveness of current methods of recommendation. Methods:...
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The Spectrum of CT Findings of COVID-19 Pneumonia:Acute Alveolar Insult and Organizing Pneumonia as Different Phases of Lung Injury and Repair

Kim YS, Kang UR, Kim YH

Purpose To analyze the findings and serial changes in chest CT lesions in 123 symptomatic patients with coronavirus disease 2019 (COVID-19). Materials and Methods From February 19 to April 7, 2020,...
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Prognostic Implications of CT Feature Analysis in Patients with COVID-19: a Nationwide Cohort Study

Jeong YJ, Nam BD, Yoo JY, Kim KI, Kang H, Hwang JH, Kim YH, Lee KS

Background: Few studies have classified chest computed tomography (CT) findings of coronavirus disease 2019 (COVID-19) and analyzed their correlations with prognosis. The present study aimed to evaluate retrospectively the clinical...
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Pleuroparenchymal fibroelastosis in Korean patients: clinico-radiologic-pathologic features and 2-year follow-up

Lee JH, Chae EJ, Song JS, Kim M, Song JW

Background/Aims: Pleuroparenchymal fibroelastosis (PPFE) is a type of rare idiopathic interstitial pneumonia that is characterized by predominantly upper lobe involvement with pleural fibrosis and subjacent parenchymal fibrosis. This study aimed...
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Development of a prognostic scoring system in patients with pneumonia requiring ventilator care for more than 4 days: a single-center observational study

Oh Y, Kang Y, Lee K

Background: The aim of the present study was to develop a prognostic model using demographic characteristics, comorbidities, and clinical variables measured on day 4 of mechanical ventilation (MV) for patients...
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Quantitative Assessment of Chest CT Patterns in COVID-19 and Bacterial Pneumonia Patients: a Deep Learning Perspective

Kang M, Hong KS, Chikontwe P, Luna M, Jang JG, Park J, Shin KC, Park SH, Ahn JH

Background: It is difficult to distinguish subtle differences shown in computed tomography (CT) images of coronavirus disease 2019 (COVID-19) and bacterial pneumonia patients, which often leads to an inaccurate diagnosis....
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