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Development of a Novel Spawn (Block Spawn) of an Edible Mushroom, Pleurotus ostreatus, in Liquid Culture and its Cultivation Evaluation

Zhang WR, Liu SR, Kuang YB, Zheng SZ

Mushroom cultivation has gained increased attention in recent years. Currently, only four types of spawn, including sawdust spawn, grain spawn, liquid spawn, and stick spawn, are commonly available for mushroom...
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Yield, Nutritional Content, and Antioxidant Activity of Pleurotus ostreatus on Corncobs Supplemented with Herb Residues

Jin Z, Li Y, Ren J, Qin N

Improper disposal of herb residues in China has caused severe problems to the surrounding environment and human safety. Three herb residues, i.e., compound Kushen injection residues (CKI) and part one...
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Viral Effects of a dsRNA Mycovirus (PoV-ASI2792) on the Vegetative Growth of the Edible Mushroom Pleurotus ostreatus

Song HY, Choi HJ, Jeong H, Choi D, Kim DH, Kim JM

A double-stranded RNA (dsRNA) mycovirus was detected in malformed fruiting bodies of Pleurotus ostreatus strain ASI2792, one of bottle cultivated commercial strains of the edible oyster mushroom. The partial RNA-dependent...
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Characterization of an Anti-gout Xanthine Oxidase Inhibitor from Pleurotus ostreatus

Jang IT, Hyun SH, Shin JW, Lee YH, Ji JH, Lee JS

We selected Pleurotus ostreatus from among several edible mushrooms because it has high anti-gout xanthine oxidase (XOD) inhibitory activity. The maximal amount of XOD inhibitor was extracted when the Pleurotus...
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Overproduction of Laccase by the White-Rot Fungus Pleurotus ostreatus Using Apple Pomace as Inducer

Park YJ, Yoon DE, Kim HI, Kwon OC, Yoo YB, Kong WS, Lee CS

  • KMID: 2312745
  • Mycobiology.
  • 2014 Jun;42(2):193-197.
Laccase activity of Pleurotus ostreatus is significantly increased by the addition of apple pomace. Among various conditions, the best concentration of apple pomace and cultivation time for the production of...
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Hypolipidemic Activities of Dietary Pleurotus ostreatus in Hypercholesterolemic Rats

Alam N, Yoon KN, Lee TS, Lee UY

  • KMID: 2312610
  • Mycobiology.
  • 2011 Mar;39(1):45-51.
This work was conducted to investigate dietary supplementation of oyster mushroom fruiting bodies on biochemical and histological changes in hyper and normocholesterolemic rats. Six-week old female Sprague-Dawley albino rats were...
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Antioxidant Activities and Tyrosinase Inhibitory Effects of Different Extracts from Pleurotus ostreatus Fruiting Bodies

Alam N, Yoon KN, Lee KR, Shin PG, Cheong JC, Yoo YB, Shim JM, Lee MW, Lee UY, Lee TS

  • KMID: 2312593
  • Mycobiology.
  • 2010 Dec;38(4):295-301.
We evaluated the antioxidant activity and tyrosinase inhibitory effects of Pleurotus ostreatus fruiting bodies extracted with acetone, methanol, and hot water. The antioxidant activities were tested against beta-carotene-linoleic acid, reducing...
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Potentiation of Innate Immunity by beta-Glucans

Seong SK, Kim HW

  • KMID: 2312582
  • Mycobiology.
  • 2010 Jun;38(2):144-148.
beta-Glucans have been known to exhibit antitumor activities by potentiating host immunity by an unknown mechanism. The C-type lectin dectin-1, a beta-glucan receptor, is found on the macrophage and can...
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Isolation of Genes Specifically Expressed in Different Developmental Stages of Pleurotus ostreatus Using Macroarray Analysis

Lee SH, Joh JH, Lee JS, Lim JH, Kim KY, Yoo YB, Lee CS, Kim BG

The oyster mushroom (Pleurotus ostreatus) is one of the most important edible mushrooms worldwide. The mechanism of P. ostreatus fruiting body development has been of interest both for the basic...
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Fruitbody Development of Pleurotus ostreatus via Bottle Cultivation Using Recycled Substrate

Jo WS, Kim JS, Cho DH, Park SD, Jung HY

This study was carried out to determine the possibility of bottle cultivation utilizing recycled oyster mushroom culture waste as a cultivating substrate for P. ostreatus. Total nitrogen percentage was 0.76%,...
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Effect of Casing Layer on Growth Promotion of the Edible Mushroom Pleurotus ostreatus

Cho YS, Weon HY, Joh JH, Lim JH, Kim KY, Son ES, Lee CS, Cho BG

Various bacteria were isolated from the casing layer soil of the culture bed of P. ostreatus and their role in fruiting body induction of the edible mushroom, P. ostreatus, was...
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Changes of Enzyme Activities and Compositions of Abnormal Fruiting Bodies Grown under Artificial Environmental Conditions in Pleurotus ostreatus

Jang KY, Cho SM, June CS, Weon HY, Park JS, Choi SG, Cheong JC, Sung JM

This study investigated the biochemical changes of abnormal fruiting bodies grown under artificial environmental conditions in P. ostreatus. Abnormal mushroom growth during cultivation damages the production of good quality mushroom....
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Isolation and Characterization of Dikaryotic Mutants from Pleurotus ostreatus by UV Irradiation

Joh JH, Kim BG, Kong WS, Yoo YB, Chu KS, Kim NK, Park HR, Cho BG, Lee CS

Protoplasts of the wild type strain of Pleurotus osteatus were mutagenized with UV light, and 3,000 colonies were examined for abnormal mycelial and fruiting phenotypes. Forty one strains displayed variant...
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Characterization of Fruitbody Morphology on Various Environmental Conditions in Pleurotus ostreatus

Jang KY, Jhune CS, Park JS, Cho SM, Weon HY, Cheong JC, Choi SG, Sung JM

This study investigated the morphological differences of P. ostreatus grown in the artificial environmental conditions such as humidity, temperature, ventilation, and watering. Oyster mushroom, which was cultivated on artificial environmental...
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Effect of Fermented Sawdust on Pleurotus Spawn

Oh SJ, Shin PG, Weon HY, Lee KH, Chon GH

A method of spawn making procedures through the application of fermented sawdust for the purpose of avoiding contamination by undesirable fungi in the course of Pleurotus ostreatus mycelial growth was...
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Transformation of the Edible Basidiomycete, Pleurotus ostreatus to Phleomycin Resistance

Kim BG, Joh JH, Yoo YB, Magae Y

For transformation of Pleurotus ostreatus, two novel vectors, pPhKM1 and pPhKM2, were constructed, using the regulatory sequences of the P. sajor-caju beta-tubulin gene (TUB1) and the ble gene encoding phleomycin...
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The Efficient Transformation of Pleurotus ostreatus using REMI Method

Joh JH, Kim BG, Chu KS, Kong WS, Yoo YB, Lee CS

Restriction enzyme-mediated integration (REMI) was used to transform uracil auxotrophs of Pleurotus ostreatus to prototrophy. When protoplasts of Pleurotus ostreatus were treated by the reaction mixture containing 10 units of...
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Effect of Sodium Hypochlorite for Controlling Bacterial Blotch on Pleurotus ostreatus

Oh SJ, Kim HK, Kim HK, Fermor TR

  • KMID: 2312317
  • Mycobiology.
  • 2000 Sep;28(3):123-126.
Sodium hypochlorite alkaline was tested against Pseudomonas tolaasii causing bacterial blotch on cultivated oyster mushroom (Pleurotus ostreatus). The minimum inhibitory concentration of sodium hypochlorite against P. tolaasii contained active chlorine...
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