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Therapeutic Effect of a Novel Chimeric Molecule Targeting Both Somatostatin and Dopamine Receptors on Growth Hormone-Secreting Pituitary Adenomas

Kim J, Oh JH, Harlem H, Culler MD, Ku CR, Lee EJ

BACKGROUND: Acromegaly is a rare disease primarily caused by growth hormone (GH)-secreting pituitary adenomas, and its treatment is costly. Moreover, some patients are unresponsive to treatment. Hence, there are increasing...
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Transcriptome Analysis Identifies an Attenuated Local Immune Response in Invasive Nonfunctioning Pituitary Adenomas

Kim YH, Kim JH

BACKGROUND: Invasive nonfunctioning pituitary adenomas (NFPAs) remain challenging due to their high complication rate and poor prognosis. We aimed to identify the distinctive molecular signatures of invasive NFPAs, compared with...
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Effects of Oxytocin on Cell Proliferation in a Corticotroph Adenoma Cell Line

Lim JS, Eom YW, Lee ES, Kwon HJ, Kwon JY, Choi J, Chung CH, Jo YS, Lee EJ

BACKGROUND: Oxytocin (OXT) has been reported to act as a growth regulator in various tumor cells. However, there is a paucity of data on the influence of OXT on cell...
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Clinical Usefulness of Trasseptal Transsphenoidal Approach for Pituitary Tumors with Septal Cartilage Removal and Replacement via Modified Killian Incision: Review of 42 Cases

Kim SY, Yang BW, Lee YW, Lee KC

BACKGROUND AND OBJECTIVES: The conventional transseptal transsphenoidal approach can inhibit visualization of the surgical field and may change the shape of external nose. We used the transseptal transsphenoidal technique to...
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MicroRNA-186 targets SKP2 to induce p27(Kip1)-mediated pituitary tumor cell cycle deregulation and modulate cell proliferation

He Z, Chen L, Wang Q, Yin C, Hu J, Hu X, Fei F, Tang J

Pituitary tumors are usually benign but can occasionally exhibit hormonal and proliferative behaviors. Dysregulation of the G1/S restriction point largely contributes to the over-proliferation of pituitary tumor cells. F-box protein...
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Idiopathic Granulomatous Hypophysitis with Rapid Onset: A Case Report

Park HJ, Park SH, Kim JH, Kim YH

Idiopathic granulomatous hypophysitis (IGH), a rare disease, requires differentiation from more common mass lesions of the sella such as pituitary adenoma, craniopharyngioma, Rathke's cleft cyst, or pituitary tuberculoma. IGH usually...
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Utilization of the Nasoseptal Flap for Repair of Cerebrospinal Fluid Leak after Endoscopic Endonasal Approach for Resection of Pituitary Tumors

Kessler RA, Garzon-Muvdi T, Kim E, Ramanathan M, Lim M

BACKGROUND: One of the most frequent complications after endoscopic endonasal approach (EEA) for resection of pituitary tumors is cerebrospinal fluid (CSF) leaks. With the introduction of the pedicled nasoseptal flap,...
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Intraoperative Frozen Cytology of Central Nervous System Neoplasms: An Ancillary Tool for Frozen Diagnosis

Kang M, Chung DH, Kim NR, Cho HY, Ha SY, Lee S, An J, Seok JY, Yie GT, Yoo CJ, Lee SG, Kim EY, Kim WK, Son S, Sym SJ, Shin DB, Hwang HY, Kim EY, Lee KC

BACKGROUND: Pathologic diagnosis of central nervous system (CNS) neoplasms is made by comparing light microscopic, immunohistochemical, and molecular cytogenetic findings with clinicoradiologic observations. Intraoperative frozen cytology smears can improve the...
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Growth Pattern and Prognostic Factors of Untreated Nonfunctioning Pituitary Adenomas

Hwang K, Kwon T, Park J, Joo JD, Han JH, Oh CW, Kim CY

OBJECTIVE: Pituitary adenomas (PAs) are often detected as incidental findings. However, the natural history remains unclear. The objective of this study was to evaluate the natural history and growth pattern...
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A Case of Asymptomatic Multiple Endocrine Neoplasia Type I with Thymic Carcinoid

Park SK, Lee MW, Han IS, Park YJ, Han SY, Park JW, Lee BE, Kim GH, Kim SS

Multiple endocrine neoplasia type 1 (MEN 1) is an autosomal dominant hereditary disorder caused by germline mutation of the MEN1 gene. It is characterized by tumors of the anterior pituitary...
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Macroprolactinoma in a young man presenting with erectile dysfunction

Song SH, Lee J, Kim DS

Hyperprolactinemia due to a pituitary adenoma is a rare cause of erectile dysfunction (ED). The prevalence of clinically apparent prolactinomas is reported to be from 6–10 to 50 per 100,000....
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Medical Treatment with Somatostatin Analogues in Acromegaly: Position Statement

Chin SO, Ku CR, Kim BJ, Kim SW, Park KH, Song KH, Oh S, Yoon HK, Lee EJ, Lee JM, Lim JS, Kim JH, Kim KJ, Jin HY, Kim DJ, Lee KA, Moon SS, Lim DJ, Shin DY, Kim SH, Kwon MJ, Kim HY, Kim JH, Kim DS, Kim CH

Acromegaly is a chronic disorder caused by excessive growth hormone (GH) secretion. In most cases, the excess GH originates from GH-producing pituitary adenomas. Surgery is the preferred first-line treatment for...
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LGR5 and Downstream Intracellular Signaling Proteins Play Critical Roles in the Cell Proliferation of Neuroblastoma, Meningioma and Pituitary Adenoma

Hwang M, Han MH, Park HH, Choi H, Lee KY, Lee YJ, Kim JM, Cheong JH, Ryu JI, Min KW, Oh YH, Ko Y, Koh SH

Leucine-rich repeat-containing G-protein coupled receptor 5 (LGR5) has been reported to play critical roles in the proliferation of various cancer cells. However, the roles of LGR5 in brain tumors and...
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Pituitary Apoplexy Presenting as Isolated Bilateral Oculomotor Nerve Palsy

Cho H, Song YJ, Ryu WY

PURPOSE: To report a case of pituitary apoplexy presenting as isolated bilateral oculomotor nerve palsy. CASE SUMMARY: A 46-year-old male presented with bilateral ptosis and acute severe headaches for 6 days....
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Metastasis of Hepatocellular Carcinoma to Pituitary Adenoma: A Case Report

Hong YS, Cho YS, Kim CG, Lee MJ

Metastasis to the pituitary gland is unusual, and metastasis to pituitary adenoma is extremely rare. We report here on a case of hepatocellular carcinoma metastasizing to a pituitary adenoma with...
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Clinical Significance of Radical Surgery in the Treatment of Silent Corticotroph Adenoma

Kim J, Yoon SJ, Moon JH, Ku CR, Kim SH, Lee EJ, Kim SH, Kim EH

OBJECTIVE: Silent corticotroph adenomas (SCA) are endocrine-inactive pituitary adenomas with positive immunohistochemistry staining for adrenocorticotropic hormone (ACTH). We investigated whether SCA-associated clinical profiles were more aggressive than hormonally negative adenomas...
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Extensive Pituitary Apoplexy after Chemotherapy in a Patient with Metastatic Breast Cancer

Jang JH, Ko YS, Hong EK, Gwak HS

Surgery, anticoagulation therapy, pregnancy, and hormone treatments, such as bromocriptine, are well-characterized precipitating factors for pituitary apoplexy. However, whether cytotoxic chemotherapy for systemic cancer could cause pituitary apoplexy has not...
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Interpretation of puzzling thyroid function tests

Yoon JH, Kang HC

With the generalized use of highly sensitive thyroid stimulating hormone (TSH) and free thyroid hormone assays, most thyroid function tests (TFTs) are straightforward to interpret and confirm the clinical impressions...
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Factors Influencing Visual Field Recovery after Transsphenoidal Resection of a Pituitary Adenoma

Lee DK, Sung MS, Park SW

PURPOSE: This study aimed to analyze the factors influencing visual field recovery after transsphenoidal approach-tumor resection (TSA-TR) in pituitary adenoma patients with visual field defects (VFDs). METHODS: We retrospectively evaluated 102...
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Group B Streptococcus Meningitis Presenting as the Initial Symptom of a Recurrent Pituitary Adenoma

Kang KW, Baek BH, Kim SH, Kim HS, Nam TS, Lim SC, Kim MK

No abstract available.
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