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The Extracellular Signal-Regulated Kinase Mitogen-Activated Protein Kinase Pathway in Osteoblasts

Greenblatt MB, Shim JH, Bok S, Kim JM

Extracellular signal-regulated kinases (ERKs) are evolutionarily ancient signal transducers of the mitogen-activated protein kinase (MAPK) family that have long been linked to the regulation of osteoblast differentiation and bone formation....
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Biocompatibility and Bioactivity of Four Different Root Canal Sealers in Osteoblastic Cell Line MC3T3-El

Jun NR, Lee SK, Lee SI

Background: Endodontic sealers or their toxic components may become inflamed and lead to delayed wound healing when in direct contact with periapical tissues over an extended period. Moreover, an overfilled...
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Spironolactone Attenuates Methylglyoxal-induced Cellular Dysfunction in MC3T3-E1 Osteoblastic Cells

Park SY, Suh KS, Jung WW, Chin SO

Background Methylglyoxal (MG) is associated with the pathogenesis of age- and diabetes-related complications. Spironolactone is a competitive antagonist of aldosterone that is widely employed in the treatment of hypertension and heart...
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Effects of Advanced Glycation End Products on Differentiation and Function of Osteoblasts and Osteoclasts

Park SY, Choi KH, Jun JE, Chung HY

Background: Risk of fragility fractures increases in patients with diabetes mellitus, independent of bone mineral density. In the present study, the effects of advanced glycation end products (AGEs) on differentiation...
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Anti-Müllerian Hormone Negatively Regulates Osteoclast Differentiation by Suppressing the Receptor Activator of Nuclear Factor-κB Ligand Pathway

Kim JH, Yang YR, Kwon KS, Kim N

Background: Multiple members of the transforming growth factor-β (TGF-β) superfamily have well-established roles in bone homeostasis. Anti-Müllerian hormone (AMH) is a member of TGF-β superfamily of glycoproteins that is responsible...
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Effect of TNF-α and IL-6 on Compact Bone-Derived Cells

Zhang Y, Li X, Chihara T, Dong H, Kagami H

Background: Although bone tissue engineering has already been applied clinically, its regeneration efficacy is not always sufficient. Local inflammatory cytokines are considered as the major factors that induce apoptosis of transplanted...
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Crosstalk Between Mucosal Inflammation and Bone Metabolism in Chronic Rhinosinusitis

Khalmuratova R, Shin HW

Chronic rhinosinusitis (CRS) is a multifactorial and highly heterogeneous upper airway disease that affects approximately 12% of the general population. There is increasing evidence supporting the impact of osteitis on...
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High concentration of calcium represses osteoblast differentiation in C2C12 cells

Lee YJ, Han Y

Calcium is the most abundant stored mineral in the human body and is especially vital for bone health; thus, calcium deficiency can cause bone-related diseases, such as osteopenia and osteoporosis....
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Osteoblast-Based Therapy—A New Approach for Bone Repair in Osteoporosis: Pre-Clinical Setting

Mahmoud NS, Mohamed MR, Ali MAM, Aglan HA, Amr KS, Ahmed HH

BACKGROUND: Osteoporosis is a metabolic bone disease characterized by low bone density resulting in increased fracture susceptibility. This research was constructed to uncover the potential therapeutic application of osteoblasts transplantation,...
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Bone Cell Communication Factors Provide a New Therapeutic Strategy for Osteoporosis

Kim JH, Kim N

Bone homeostasis is strictly regulated by the balance between bone resorption by osteoclasts and bone formation by osteoblasts. Many studies have shown that osteoclasts affect osteoblasts, and vice versa, through...
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Freeze-Dried Platelet-Rich Plasma Induces Osteoblast Proliferation via Platelet-Derived Growth Factor Receptor-Mediated Signal Transduction

Kinoshita , Orita S, Inage K, Fujimoto K, Shiga Y, Abe K, Inoue M, Norimoto M, Umimura T, Ishii T, Yonemoto T, Kamoda H, Tsukanishi T, Suzuki M, Hirosawa N, Akazawa T, Ohtori S

Study Design: Controlled laboratory study. Purpose: This study aimed to evaluate the in vitro pharmacological activity of growth factors (GFs) in freeze-dried platelet-rich plasma (FD-PRP) after storage for 4 weeks. Overview of...
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An overview of the endocrine functions of osteocalcin

Baek K

Osteocalcin is the most abundant non-collagenous protein produced in bone. It has traditionally been regarded as a marker of bone turnover and is thought to act in the bone matrix...
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Conditioned Medium Enhances Osteogenic Differentiation of Induced Pluripotent Stem Cell-Derived Mesenchymal Stem Cells

Zhong S, He X, Li Y, Lou X

BACKGROUND: Recent studies have shown that induced pluripotent stem cells (iPSCs) could be differentiated into mesenchymal stem cells (MSCs) with notable advantages over iPSCs per se. In order to promote...
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Remifentanil promotes osteoblastogenesis by upregulating Runx2/osterix expression in preosteoblastic C2C12 cells

Yoon JY, Kim TS, Ahn JH, Yoon JU, Kim HJ, Kim EJ

BACKGROUND: The imbalance between osteoblasts and osteoclasts can lead to pathological conditions such as osteoporosis. It has been reported that opioid adversely affect the skeletal system, but it is inconsistent....
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Combined effect of recombinant human bone morphogenetic protein-2 and low level laser irradiation on bisphosphonate-treated osteoblasts

Jeong SY, Hong JU, Song JM, Kim IR, Park BS, Kim CH, Shin SH

OBJECTIVES: The purpose of this study was to evaluate the synergic effect of recombinant human bone morphogenetic protein-2 (rhBMP-2) and low-level laser therapy (LLLT) on bisphosphonate-treated osteoblasts. MATERIALS AND METHODS: Human...
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Causal Inference Network of Genes Related with Bone Metastasis of Breast Cancer and Osteoblasts Using Causal Bayesian Networks

Park SB, Chung CK, Gonzalez E, Yoo C

BACKGROUND: The causal networks among genes that are commonly expressed in osteoblasts and during bone metastasis (BM) of breast cancer (BC) are not well understood. Here, we developed a machine...
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Regulation of Osteoblast Metabolism by Wnt Signaling

Moorer MC, Riddle RC

Wnt/β-catenin signaling plays a critical role in the achievement of peak bone mass, affecting the commitment of mesenchymal progenitors to the osteoblast lineage and the anabolic capacity of osteoblasts depositing...
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Role of IL-32 Gamma on Bone Metabolism in Autoimmune Arthritis

Kwon OC, Kim S, Hong S, Lee CK, Yoo B, Chang EJ, Kim YG

IL-32 acts as a pro-inflammatory cytokine by inducing the synthesis of inflammatory molecules as well as promoting the morphological changes involved in the transformation of monocytes into osteoclasts (OCs). Evaluation...
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Predicting the Role of Osteal Macrophages and Osteocytes in Bone Tissue Network Using a Mathematical Modeling

Hwang SJ

The aim of this study was to investigate the role of osteal macrophages (osteomac) and osteocytes in bone remodeling using a mathematical model. We constructed the bone system with pre-osteoblasts,...
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The Effect of Antidepressants on Mesenchymal Stem Cell Differentiation

Kruk JS, Bermeo S, Skarratt K, Fuller SJ, Duque G

BACKGROUND: Use of antidepressant medications has been linked to detrimental impacts on bone mineral density and osteoporosis; however, the cellular basis behind these observations remains poorly understood. The effect does...
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