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Heart-Rate-Based Machine-Learning Algorithms for Screening Orthostatic Hypotension

Kim JB, Kim H, Sung JH, Baek SH, Kim BJ

Background and Purpose: Many elderly patients are unable to actively stand up by themselves and have contraindications to performing the head-up tilt test (HUTT). We aimed to develop screening algorithms...
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Treatment-Induced Neuropathy of Diabetes

Kim KH, Leem MJ, Yi TI, Kim JS, Yoon SY

Treatment-induced neuropathy in diabetes (TIND) is a reversible neuropathy that occurs in patients with diabetes, usually after a fast improvement in glycemic control. TIND is defined as the sudden onset...
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Diagnostic approach of orthostatic dizziness/vertigo

Lee H, Kim HA

This paper introduces new diagnostic criteria and differential diagnosis of orthostatic dizziness to help clinicians to diagnose hemodynamic orthostatic dizziness. Clinicians need to be able to discriminate hemodynamic orthostatic dizziness...
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Orthostatic hypotension with meningoencephalitis involving the rostral ventrolateral medulla

Jung YI, Sunwoo MK, Lee HJ, Seo JH, Kim J

Orthostatic hypotension (OH) is commonly associated with autonomic failure in the peripheral nervous system. Less often it is related to central lesions in brainstem and cerebellum. We describe a patient...
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Autonomic Dysfunction in Dizziness Clinic

Cho EB, Park KJ

Orthostatic dizziness is a common type of dizziness. In general, orthostatic dizziness is provoked by standing or tilting, and subsided by supine position. The patient with orthostatic intolerance complains multiple...
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Classification of Chronic Dizziness in Elderly People and Relation with Falls

Yang DS, Lee DY, Oh SY, Park JY

OBJECTIVES: Fall is a major cause of morbidity and mortality among older adults. Falls result from many various causes, and dizziness is important risk for falls, especially in the elderly....
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Orthostatic Hypotension and Cognitive Function in Parkinson's Disease

Kim S, Lee J, Oh E, Sohn EH, Lee AY

BACKGROUND: Although orthostatic hypotension (OH) and cognitive impairment (CI) are common non-motor symptoms of Parkinson's disease (PD), the relationship between OH and CI remains to be clarified. This study was...
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Orthostatic Hypotension and Postural Orthostatic Tachycardia Syndrome in Children: Comparison of Clinical Features and Neurophysiology Test

Kim YK, Park JH, Choi HJ, Kim JS

PURPOSE: The clinical characteristics and neuropsychological tests of orthostatic hypotension (OH) and postural orthostatic tachycardia syndrome (POTS) in children were compared. METHODS: From August 2011 to April 2015, we enrolled patients...
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Syndromes of Orthostatic Intolerance: Pathophysiology and Diagnosis

Woo HO, Yeom JS

Orthostasis means standing upright. Thus, orthostatic intolerance (OI) can be simply defined as “the development of symptoms during upright standing, that are relieved by recumbency.” However, OI might be a...
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Dual control of the vestibulosympathetic reflex following hypotension in rats

Park SE, Jin YZ, Park BR

Orthostatic hypotension (OH) is associated with symptoms including headache, dizziness, and syncope. The incidence of OH increases with age. Attenuation of the vestibulosympathetic reflex (VSR) is also associated with an...
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Office orthostatic blood pressure measurements and ambulatory blood pressure monitoring in the prediction of autonomic dysfunction

Alquadan K, Singhania , Koratala A, Ejaz AA

BACKGROUND: In this retrospective analysis we investigated the predictive performance of orthostatic hypotension (OH) and ambulatory blood pressure monitoring (ABP) to predict autonomic dysfunction. METHODS: Statistical associations among the candidate variables...
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Orthostatic Intolerance Syndrome

Ahn MS

Orthostatic intolerance is the inability to tolerate an upright posture as a consequence of varying degrees of autonomic nervous system dysfunction. Orthostatic intolerance syndromes can be classified into at least...
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Positional Dizziness and Vertigo without Nystagmus and Orthostatic Hypotension

Park JH

According to the Barany Society classification of vestibular symptoms, positional dizziness or vertigo is defined as dizziness or vertigo triggered by and occurring after a change of head position in...
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Type I Chiari malformation presenting orthostatic syncope who treated with decompressive surgery

Shin HS, Kim JA, Kim DS, Lee JS

Chiari malformations are a congenital anomaly of the hindbrain. The most common, Chiari malformation type I (CM-I), is characterized by herniation of the cerebellar tonsils extending at least 3 mm...
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Orthostatic Hypotension: Mechanisms, Causes, Management

Low PA, Tomalia VA

Orthostatic hypotension (OH) occurs when mechanisms for the regulation of orthostatic BP control fails. Such regulation depends on the baroreflexes, normal blood volume, and defenses against excessive venous pooling. OH...
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Effect of Glutamate on the Vestibulo-Solitary Projection after Sodium Nitroprusside-Induced Hypotension in Conscious Rats

Li LW, Jin GS, Yang YZ, Ameer AN, Kim MS, Park BR, Jin YZ

Orthostatic hypotension is most common in elderly people, and its prevalence increases with age. Attenuation of the vestibulo-sympathetic reflex (VSR) is commonly associated with orthostatic hypotension. In this study, we...
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Olanzapine-induced Orthostatic Hypotension

Jana AK, Praharaj S, Roy N

Olanzapine is an atypical antipsychotic which is efficacious in the treatment of schizophrenia. The adverse effect profile for olanzapine is benign except for higher rates of metabolic events. Orthostatic hypotension...
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Vagolytic atropine attenuates cerebral vasodilation response during acute orthostatic hypotension

Choi WJ, Lee K, Kim YK, Song KJ, Jeong SM, Hwang GS

BACKGROUND: Atropine is an anticholinergic drug which is commonly used in clinical practice. The effect of parasympathetic block with atropine on dynamic cerebrovascular regulation remains unclear. This study was aimed...
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Correlation Between Orthostatic Symptoms and Autonomic Parameters During the Head-Up Tilt Test

Kim HA

  • KMID: 2343521
  • J Korean Neurol Assoc.
  • 2014 Aug;32(3):145-149.
BACKGROUND: The aims of the present study were to identify the orthostatic symptoms occurring during the head-up tilt (HUT) test and to compare the autonomic parameters in patients with and...
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Effects of Tailored Water Drinking on the Orthostatic Hypotension in the Elderly

Lee E, Kim EH

PURPOSE: The purpose of the study was to examine preventive effects of tailored water drinking on orthostatic hypotension and heart rate variability in the elderly. METHODS: A non-equivalent control group pre...
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