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Bronchial Response to High and Low Molecular Weight Occupational Inhalant Allergens

Lipińska-Ojrzanowska A, Nowakowska-Świrta E, Wiszniewska M, Walusiak-Skorupa J

PURPOSE: Occupational asthma may be induced by high- or low-molecular weight allergens (HMWA or LMWA, respectively). The study was conducted to compare the pattern of bronchial response in 200 HMWA-induced...
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Gastric and rectal cancers in workers exposed to asbestos: a case series

Choi BJ, Lee S, Lee IJ, Park SW, Lee S

BACKGROUND: The Occupational Safety and Health Research Institute (OSHRI) of the Korea had not recognized gastrointestinal cancer as work-related disease during their evaluation. However, in 2018 OSHRI recognized gastric and...
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A Putative Adverse Outcome Pathway Relevant to Carcinogenicity Induced by Sulfuric Acid in Strong Inorganic Acid Mists

Yang JH, Koedrith P, Kang DS, Kee NK, Jung JH, Lee CM, Ahn YS, Seo YR

Based on epidemiological studies, an International Agency for Research on Cancer Working Group determined that strong inorganic acid mists containing sulfuric acid are carcinogenic to human even though, sulfuric acid,...
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A Simple Proposition for Improving Industrial Hygiene Air Sampling Methods

Paik SY, Zalk DM

When conducting an exposure assessment, the primary goal of the industrial hygienist is to fully characterize the worker's exposure during a work shift to compare it with an occupational exposure...
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Health Effects of Radon Exposure

Kang JK, Seo S, Jin YW

Radon is a naturally occurring radioactive material that is formed as the decay product of uranium and thorium, and is estimated to contribute to approximately half of the average annual...
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Occupational Risk Factors for Prostate Cancer: A Meta-analysis

Krstev S, Knutsson A

Prostate cancer is the second most common cancer in men worldwide. There are many occupational factors that have been suggested to cause prostate cancer. Our aim was to evaluate the...
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Workplace Diesel Exhausts and Gasoline Exposure and Risk of Colorectal Cancer in Four Nordic Countries

Talibov M, Sormunen J, Weiderpass E, Kjaerheim , Martinsen , Sparen P, Tryggvadottir L, Hansen J, Pukkala E

BACKGROUND: Evidence on associations between occupational diesel exhaust and gasoline exposure and colorectal cancer is limited. We aimed to assess the effect of workplace exposure to diesel exhaust and gasoline...
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Occupational Exposure to Metals in Shooting Ranges: A Biomonitoring Study

Vandebroek E, Haufroid V, Smolders E, Hons L, Nemery B

BACKGROUND: Lead (Pb) exposure in shooting ranges has been reduced by various measures such as jacketed ammunition and lead-free primers. Nevertheless, this may lead to exposure to other metals, potentially...
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Lung Function of Grain Millers Exposed to Grain Dust and Diesel Exhaust in Two Food Markets in Ibadan Metropolis, Nigeria

Iyogun K, Lateef SA, Ana GR

BACKGROUND: Despite growing concern over occupational exposure to particulate matter (PM) such as grain dust and diesel exhaust, information about the exposure level and health implications among workers in small-scale...
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Prevalence and Risk Factors of Latent Tuberculosis Infection among Healthcare Workers

Lee S, Lee YL, Kim YC, Kim EJ, Heo JY, Choi YH

BACKGROUND: Due to occupational exposure, healthcare workers (HCW) face an increased risk of tuberculosis (TB) infection. This study was conducted to assess the prevalence and risk factors of latent tuberculosis...
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Status and Strategies for Safety Management of Antineoplastic Drugs among Oncology Nurses

Park JY, Noh GO, Kwon IG

PURPOSE: The purpose of this study was to identify the work environment related to the handling and administration of antineoplastic drugs in the members of the Korean Oncology Nursing Society. METHODS:...
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Multiple Exposures and Coexposures to Occupational Hazards Among Agricultural Workers: A Systematic Review of Observational Studies

Nguyen TH, Bertin M, Bodin J, Fouquet N, Bonvallot , Roquelaure Y

BACKGROUND: Workers may be exposed to various types of occupational hazards at the same time, potentially increasing the risk of adverse health outcomes. The aim of this review was to...
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Prevalence and socioeconomic burden of chronic obstructive pulmonary disease

An TJ, Yoon HK

Chronic obstructive pulmonary disease (COPD) is a common respiratory disease characterized by persistent respiratory symptoms and irreversible airflow obstruction. It is caused by smoking, occupational exposure, and air pollution. It...
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Implementation of Hospital Policy for Healthcare Workers and Patients Exposed to Varicella-Zoster Virus

Kim SH, Park SH, Choi SM, Lee DG

Varicella-zoster virus (VZV) causes a highly contagious and generally benign, self-limited disease. However, in high-risk populations including immunocompromised patients, pregnant women, and neonates, VZV infection can be associated with significant...
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Occupational Radiation Exposure and Health Effects among Medical Workers

Lee WJ

Medical radiation workers occupy the largest group of radiation workers and is rapidly increasing worldwide. They expose to protracted low-dose radiation and include a large proportion of women. The purpose...
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Priority Setting for Occupational Cancer Prevention

Peters CE, Palmer AL, Telfer J, Ge CB, Hall AL, Davies HW, Pahwa M, Demers PA

BACKGROUND: Selecting priority occupational carcinogens is important for cancer prevention efforts; however, standardized selection methods are not available. The objective of this paper was to describe the methods used by...
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Vibration and Ergonomic Exposures Associated With Musculoskeletal Disorders of the Shoulder and Neck

Charles LE, Ma CC, Burchfiel , Dong RG

BACKGROUND: According to the US Bureau of Labor Statistics, musculoskeletal disorders (MSDs) accounted for 32% of all nonfatal injury and illness cases in 2014 among full-time workers. Our objective was...
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Effects of Low- or Moderate-dose Whole Body-X-ray Radiation on the Immune System of C57BL/6 Mice

Ko Y, Jeong YH, Lee JA

PURPOSE: Increase in the use of diagnostic imaging or occupational exposure to radiation have brought upon concerns on the safety and biological effects of low- or moderate-dose radiation. However, limited...
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Venom allergy, risk factors for systemic reactions and the knowledge levels among Turkish beekeepers

Ediger D, Terzioglu , Ozturk RT

BACKGROUND: Allergic reactions developing after bee sting can be severe and life-threatening. According to epidemiological data, serious systemic reactions range between 1.2%–3%, and this is 2–3 times higher (6%) in...
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Chemical Risk Assessment Screening Tool of a Global Chemical Company

Tjoe-Nij E, Rochin C, Berne N, Sassi A, Leplay A

BACKGROUND: This paper describes a simple-to-use and reliable screening tool called Critical Task Exposure Screening (CTES), developed by a chemical company. The tool assesses if the exposure to a chemical...
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