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Significance of Pseudo-Conductive Hearing Loss and Positional Nystagmus for Perilymphatic Fistula: Are They Related to Third-Window Effects?

Kim JS, Son SE, Kim MB, Cho YS, Chung WH

Objectives. Patients’ clinical presentation is critical for identifying suspected perilymphatic fistula (PLF). The involvement of third-window lesions in the pathomechanism of PLF has been hypothesized. This study investigated the clinical...
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Clinical Characteristics of Patients with Persistent Apogeotropic and Persistent Geotropic Direction-Changing Positional Nystagmus

Si L, Shen B, Li Y, Ling X, Li K, Yang X

Background and Purpose This study aimed to determine the clinical features, diagnosis, and treatment of patients with persistent geotropic (pG) and persistent apogeotropic (pAG) direction-changing positional nystagmus (DCPN). Methods This retrospective...
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Update on Nystagmus and Other Ocular Oscillations

Jeong SH, Kim JS

This review reports on recent advances in understanding nystagmus and other involuntary eye movements. Advances in quantitative evaluations of eye movements using oculography, computational model simulations, genetics, and imaging technologies...
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Video-oculographic Analysis in Nystagmus Patients

Kim H, Park SH

Purpose: To evaluate the usefulness of video-oculographic waveform analysis in nystagmus patients. Methods: We carried out an observational case study in 18 patients (age, 7-32 years) with nystagmus who visited our...
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Vascular Origin of Central Vertigo: Brainstem

Lee SU

Various neurotologic findings can be observed in stroke involving the brainstem. Analyses of the neurotologic findings are important in brainstem stroke since it can have negative diffusion-weighted image, as well...
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Diagnostic Value of Straight Head Hanging in Posterior Canal Benign Paroxysmal Positional Vertigo

Ling X, Kim HJ, Lee JH, Choi JY, Yang X, Kim JS

Background and Purpose To determine the diagnostic value of straight head hanging (SHH) in benign paroxysmal positional vertigo involving the posterior semicircular canal (PC-BPPV). Methods We retrospectively included 62 patients (age=56.2±15.0 years, 47...
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Spontaneous Direction-Changing or Reversing Positional Nystagmus without Changing Head Position during Head-Roll/Head-Hanging Maneuvers: Biphasic Positional Nystagmus

Yetiser S

Background and Objectives: Conflicting mechanisms have been reported about spontaneous reversal of positional nystagmus during head-roll maneuver in patients with benign paroxysmal positional vertigo (BPPV). The objective of this study...
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Positional Audiometry in Patients with Light Cupula: A Preliminary Study

Lee J, Lee DH, Shin JE, Kim CH

Objectives: Light cupula is characterized by persistent geotropic direction-changing positional nystagmus in a supine head-roll test. The purpose of this study is to investigate if hearing level is influenced by...
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Persistent Nystagmus in Chronic Phase of Lateral Medullary Infarction

Lee TK, Park JY, Kim H, Choi KD, Kim JS, Sung KB

Background and Purpose We aimed to determine the patterns and mechanisms of persistent nystagmus (PN) lasting >1 year in lateral medullary infarction (LMI). Methods We recruited 13 patients with PN due to LMI...
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Atypical Presentation of Acute Vestibular Syndrome with Ramsay Hunt Syndrome

Kang BH, Lee YW, Kim JI

Ramsay Hunt syndrome is an acquired paralysis of the face specifically caused by a varicella-zoster virus infection in the facial nerve. Other cranial nerves including vestibulo-cochlear disturbance can be affected....
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Positional Hemiseesaw Nystagmus in Ataxia with Oculomotor Apraxia Type 2 due to a Novel Senataxin Gene Mutation: A New Phenotype

Kim SH, Jang JH, Kim JS

Ataxia with ocular motor apraxia type 2 (AOA2) is an autosomal recessive disorder that is characterized by adolescent-onset gait ataxia, peripheral neuropathy, ocular apraxia, and cerebellar atrophy. A 19-year-old male...
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Neurotological Findings in a Patient with Glufosinate Ammonium Intoxication

Kim JY, Ham JY, Jeong SH

The upward deviation could be explained by loss of inhibitory inputs from the cerebellum onto the brainstem anterior semicircular canal projections for upward vestibulo-ocular reflex, which would lead to an...
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Rotational vertebral artery syndrome treated via an anterior approach and selective decompression only

Kang JH, Im SB, Jeong JH, Shin DS

We present the case of a 38-year-old male who complained of repeated dizziness and syncope. Rotational vertebral artery syndrome (RVAS) was diagnosed via videonystagmoraphy (VNG), computed tomography angiography (CTA) and...
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Isolated hemorrhage in the cerebellar vermis with vertigo and body lateropulsion to the contralesional side

Lee DH, Lee SJ

There have been several reports of patients with isolated lesions of the cerebellar vermis presenting with clinical features similar to those of peripheral vestibulopathy. We report a case of small,...
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Benign Paroxysmal Positional Vertigo after Yoga Practice

Soh SH, Lee HS

A 57-year-old woman presented with sudden onset of whirling vertigo associated with nausea and vomiting. The neurological examination showed left-beating horizontal nystagmus on the lying-down test and right-beating horizontal nystagmus...
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Surgical Management of Concurrent Strabismus and Face Turn in Patients with Infantile Nystagmus

Park SE, Han SH, Lee JB, Han J

PURPOSE: To investigate the effect of adjusted Kestenbaum surgery in patients with idiopathic infantile nystagmus who were affected by both strabismus and face turn. METHODS: This retrospective consecutive case series included...
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Direction-Changing and Direction-Fixed Positional Nystagmus in Patients With Vestibular Neuritis and Meniere Disease

Kim CH, Shin JE, Yoo MH, Park HJ

OBJECTIVES: Direction-changing positional nystagmus (PN) was considered to indicate the presence of benign paroxysmal positional vertigo involving lateral semicircular canal in most cases. We investigated the incidence of PN on...
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Two Cases of Seronegative Paraneoplastic Neurologic Syndrome with Opsoclonus Nystagmus

Bae SH, Lee JM, Kim SH

The dizziness associated with paraneoplastic neurologic syndrome is hard to diagnose clinically because the prevalence of disease is rare, and radiologic and serologic examination result may come out normal. Opsoclonus-myoclonus...
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Neuromyelitis Optica Spectrum Disorder Presented with Upbeat Nystagmus and Intractable Vomiting

Kim H, Kim JM, Nam TS, Lee SH

Neuromyelitis optica spectrum disorder (NMOSD) is an inflammatory demyelinating autoimmune disease of central nervous system characterized by relapsing attacks that target the optic nerves and spinal cord, as well as...
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Characteristics of Nystagmus during Attack of Vestibular Migraine

Yoon S, Kim MJ, Kim M

OBJECTIVES: The purpose of this study is to investigate characteristics of nystagmus during attacks of vestibular migraine (VM), and to find a distinct clinical feature compared to other migraine and...
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