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Percutaneous Endoscopic Thoracic Discectomy in the Upper and Midthoracic Spine: A Technical Note

Bae J, Chachan S, Shin SH, Lee SH

  • Neurospine.
  • 2019 Mar;16(1):148-153.
  • doi: 10.14245/ns.1836260.130
Despite the successful application of percutaneous endoscopic thoracic discectomy (PETD), its technical feasibility and outcomes for symptomatic upper and midthoracic disc herniation have not been reported yet. The purpose of...
Biportal Endoscopic Spinal Surgery for Bilateral Lumbar Foraminal Decompression by Switching Surgeon's Position and Primary 2 Portals: A Report of 2 Cases With Technical Note

Song KS, Lee CW, Moon JG

  • Neurospine.
  • 2019 Mar;16(1):138-147.
  • doi: 10.14245/ns.1836330.165
Total facetectomy with/without fusion and facet-preserving microforaminotomy have been performed as conventional surgical treatments for lumbar foraminal stenosis (LFS). Recently, endoscopic spinal surgery has been introduced as a minimally invasive...
Endoscopic Treatment of Extraforaminal Entrapment of L5 Nerve Root (Far Out Syndrome) by Unilateral Biportal Endoscopic Approach: Technical Report and Preliminary Clinical Results

Heo DH, Sharma S, Park CK

  • Neurospine.
  • 2019 Mar;16(1):130-137.
  • doi: 10.14245/ns.1938026.013
OBJECTIVE: Far out syndrome is compression and entrapment of the L5 nerve root in the extraforaminal area between the hypertrophied L5 transverse process and the sacral ala. The purpose of...
A Pilot Study of Percutaneous Interlaminar Endoscopic Lumbar Sequestrectomy: A Modern Strategy to Tackle Medically-Refractory Radiculopathies and Restore Spinal Function

Priola SM, Ganau M, Raffa G, Scibilia A, Farrash F, Germanò A

  • Neurospine.
  • 2019 Mar;16(1):120-129.
  • doi: 10.14245/ns.1836210.105
OBJECTIVE: Angled scopes allow 360° visualization, which makes percutaneous endoscopic techniques (percutaneous endoscopic lumbar discectomy, PELD) particularly attractive for sequestrectomies, which entail the removal of extruded lumbar disc fragments that...
Does Preservation of Ligamentum Flavum in Percutaneous Endoscopic Lumbar Interlaminar Discectomy Improve Clinical Outcomes?

Lee U, Kim CH, Kuo CC, Choi Y, Park SB, Yang SH, Lee CH, Kim KT, Chung CK

  • Neurospine.
  • 2019 Mar;16(1):113-119.
  • doi: 10.14245/ns.1938008.004
OBJECTIVE: Ligamentum flavum (LF) is an important anatomical structure for prevention of postoperative adhesions, but the opening of LF is necessary for percutaneous endoscopic lumbar interlaminar discectomy (PEID). Although the...
Preoperative Design for the Posterolateral Approach in Full-Endoscopic Spine Surgery for the Treatment of L5/S1 Lumbar Disc Herniation

Fujita M, Kawano H, Kitagawa T, Iwai H, Takano Y, Inanami H, Koga H

  • Neurospine.
  • 2019 Mar;16(1):105-112.
  • doi: 10.14245/ns.1836316.158
OBJECTIVE: Full-endoscopic spine surgery (FESS) is a relatively less invasive treatment for lumbar disc herniation (LDH). This study investigated the optimal operative route of the posterolateral approach (PLA) of FESS...
The Role of Full-Endoscopic Lumbar Discectomy in Surgical Treatment of Recurrent Lumbar Disc Herniation: A Health-Related Quality of Life Approach

Kapetanakis S, Gkantsinikoudis N, Charitoudis G

  • Neurospine.
  • 2019 Mar;16(1):96-104.
  • doi: 10.14245/ns.1836334.167
OBJECTIVE: To investigate the utility of full-endoscopic lumbar discectomy (FELD) in surgical treatment of recurrent lumbar disc herniation (RLDH). METHODS: Forty-five patients were prospectively studied. All patients were subjected to FELD...
The Concept for A Standalone Lordotic Endoscopic Wedge Lumbar Interbody Fusion: The LEW-LIF

Lewandrowski KU, Ransom NA, Ramírez León JF, Yeung A

  • Neurospine.
  • 2019 Mar;16(1):82-95.
  • doi: 10.14245/ns.1938046.023
OBJECTIVE: To review concepts of a standalone endoscopically assisted lumbar interbody fusion as a simplified method to treat spinal instability. METHODS: MacNab outcomes and complications were analyzed in a series of...
Minimally Invasive Endoscopic-Assisted Lateral Lumbar Interbody Fusion: Technical Report and Preliminary Results

Kyoh Y

  • Neurospine.
  • 2019 Mar;16(1):72-81.
  • doi: 10.14245/ns.1938024.012
OBJECTIVE: Lateral lumbar interbody fusion (LLIF) is a highly useful lumbar fusion surgical technique for degenerative spinal disease. However, many complications have already been reported. The purpose of this study...
Percutaneous Endoscopic Decompression in Lumbar Canal and Lateral Recess Stenosis – The Surgical Learning Curve

Lee CW, Yoon KJ, Kim SW

  • Neurospine.
  • 2019 Mar;16(1):63-71.
  • doi: 10.14245/ns.1938048.024
OBJECTIVE: The purpose of this study is to characterize the learning curve of endoscopic lumbar decompression based on peri- and postoperative parameters and to suggest the potential of full endoscopic...
Treatment of Soft Tissue and Bony Spinal Stenosis by a Visualized Endoscopic Transforaminal Technique Under Local Anesthesia

Yeung A, Roberts A, Zhu L, Qi L, Zhang J, Lewandrowski KU

  • Neurospine.
  • 2019 Mar;16(1):52-62.
  • doi: 10.14245/ns.1938038.019
OBJECTIVE: To analyze long-term clinical outcomes of endoscopic transforaminal foraminoplasty for foraminal stenosis. METHODS: Long-term 5-year MacNab outcomes, visual analogue scale (VAS) scores, complications, and unintended aftercare were analyzed in a...
Step-by-Step Sublaminar Approach With a Newly-Designed Spinal Endoscope for Unilateral-Approach Bilateral Decompression in Spinal Stenosis

Ito F, Ito Z, Shibayama , Nakamura S, Yamada M, Yoshimatu , Takeuchi M, Shimizu K, Miura Y

  • Neurospine.
  • 2019 Mar;16(1):41-51.
  • doi: 10.14245/ns.1836320.160
OBJECTIVE: Spinal stenosis is increasingly common due to population aging. In elderly patients with lumbar central canal stenosis (LCCS), minimizing muscle damage and bone resection is particularly important. We performed...
Anatomical Relationship of the Vertebral Artery With the Lateral Recess: Clinical Importance for Posterior Cervical Foraminotomy

Oh SW, Singh R, Adsul NM, Noh JH, Park JH, Kim HS, Jang IT, Oh SH

  • Neurospine.
  • 2019 Mar;16(1):34-40.
  • doi: 10.14245/ns.1836304.152
OBJECTIVE: Vertebral artery injuries during posterior cervical foraminotomy are rare, but can be fatal. Therefore, we investigated the anatomical correlation between the lateral recess and the vertebral artery. METHODS: On axial...
A Review of Minimally Invasive Surgical Techniques for the Management of Thoracic Disc Herniations

Sharma SB, Kim JS

  • Neurospine.
  • 2019 Mar;16(1):24-33.
  • doi: 10.14245/ns.1938014.007
Thoracic disc herniation (TDH) is a rare, but technically challenging, disorder. Apart from their unfamiliarity with this condition, surgeons are often posed with challenges regarding the diverse methods available to...
Endoscopic Lumbar Surgery: The State of the Art in 2019

Butler AJ, Alam M, Wiley K, Ghasem A, Rush III A, Wang JC

  • Neurospine.
  • 2019 Mar;16(1):15-23.
  • doi: 10.14245/ns.1938040.020
This study was aimed to provide a brief historical perspective to facilitate appreciation of current techniques, describe outcomes of endoscopic lumbar surgery relative to those of existing techniques, and identify...
Evolution of Spinal Endoscopic Surgery

Kim M, Kim HS, Oh SW, Adsul NM, Singh R, Kashlan ON, Noh JH, Jang IT, Oh SH

  • Neurospine.
  • 2019 Mar;16(1):6-14.
  • doi: 10.14245/ns.1836322.161
Innovations in the development of endoscopic spinal surgery were classified into different generations and reviewed. Future developments and directions for endoscopic spinal surgery were discussed. Surgical therapy for spinal disease...
Endoscopic Spinal Surgery (ESS): Prepare for a Happy 100-Year-Old!

Wang JC, Kim HS

  • Neurospine.
  • 2019 Mar;16(1):4-5.
  • doi: 10.14245/ns.19int001
No abstract available.
Small is Beautiful, Less is Better

Choi G

  • Neurospine.
  • 2019 Mar;16(1):3-3.
  • doi: 10.14245/ns.19edi.002
No abstract available.
The Successful Evolution of Endoscopic Spine Surgery: Coincidence or Human Spirit?

Park CK

  • Neurospine.
  • 2019 Mar;16(1):1-2.
  • doi: 10.14245/ns.19edi.001
No abstract available.

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