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Lumbar Intramedullary Epidermoid Following Repair of Sacral Myelomeningocele and Tethered Cord: A Case Report With a Review of the Relevant Literature and Operative Nuances

Balaparameswara Rao S, Bhaliya H, Parthiban

  • Neurospine.
  • 2019 Jun;16(2):373-377.
  • doi: 10.14245/ns.1836152.076
Epidermoid cysts of the spine are rare tumors. While the majority of them occur spontaneously, in very few cases, they can occur following previous surgery for spinal dysraphism. Such tumors...
Cord Compression Caused by a Tangled and Warped Lumbar Catheter After Lumboperitoneal Shunt Placement

Sato K, Endo T, Sakata H, Inoue T, Niizuma K, Tominaga T

  • Neurospine.
  • 2019 Jun;16(2):368-372.
  • doi: 10.14245/ns.1836114.057
The present study reports the case of an 81-year-old woman who underwent lumboperitoneal shunt (LPS) placement for idiopathic normal-pressure hydrocephalus. After LPS placement, the patient presented with radicular pain. A...
Treatment of Odontoid Type II Fractures in Octogenarians: Balancing Two Different Treatment Strategies

Gembruch O, Lemonas E, Ahmadipour Y, Sure U, El Hindy N, Dodel R, Müller O

  • Neurospine.
  • 2019 Jun;16(2):360-367.
  • doi: 10.14245/ns.1836250.125
OBJECTIVE: Demographic changes have led to a higher incidence of C-2 fractures, especially in elderly patients. For patients with type II fractures, treatment remains controversial, as discussed by Anderson and...
A 1-Year Cost Analysis of Spinal Surgical Procedures in Spain: Neurosurgeons Versus Orthopedic Surgeons

Avellanal , Martin-Corvillo M, Barrigon L, Espi MV, Escolar CM

  • Neurospine.
  • 2019 Jun;16(2):354-359.
  • doi: 10.14245/ns.1836170.085
OBJECTIVE: To evaluate the direct costs of various spinal surgical procedures within 1 year of follow-up and to compare the profiles of neurosurgeons and orthopedic surgeons. METHODS: All spinal procedures performed...
Biomechanical and Anatomical Validity of the Short Posterior Arch Screw

Mizutani J, Inoue N, Otsuka Y, Furuya A, Espinoza Orias AA, Otsuka T

  • Neurospine.
  • 2019 Jun;16(2):347-353.
  • doi: 10.14245/ns.1836156.078
OBJECTIVE: This study was conducted to clarify the validity of the short posterior arch screw (S-PAS). The S-PAS is inserted only in the pedicle-analogue portion of the posterior arch. The...
Neural Axis Abnormalities in Patients With Adolescent Idiopathic Scoliosis: Is Routine Magnetic Resonance Imaging Indicated Irrespective of Curve Severity?

Fruergaard S, Ohrt-Nissen S, Dahl B, Kaltoft N, Gehrchen M

  • Neurospine.
  • 2019 Jun;16(2):339-346.
  • doi: 10.14245/ns.1836154.077
OBJECTIVE: Magnetic resonance imaging (MRI)-verified neural axis abnormalities (NAAs) have been described in adolescent idiopathic scoliosis (AIS), and several risk factors have been associated with the presence of NAAs in...
Trunk Muscle Strength After Lumbar Spine Fusion: A 12-Month Follow-up

Ilves OE, Neva MH, Häkkinen , Dekker J, Kraemer WJ, Tarnanen S, Kyrölä K, Ylinen J, Piitulainen K, Järvenpää S, Kaistila T, Häkkinen

  • Neurospine.
  • 2019 Jun;16(2):332-338.
  • doi: 10.14245/ns.1836136.068
OBJECTIVE: The aim of this study was to investigate changes in trunk muscle strength 12 months after lumbar spine fusion (LSF) compared to preoperative strength. METHODS: A total of 194 patients...
Retrospective Outcome Evaluation of Cervical Nucleoplasty Using Digital Infrared Thermographic Imaging

Kim DH, Kim YS, Shin SJ, Kang H, Kim S, Shin HY

  • Neurospine.
  • 2019 Jun;16(2):325-331.
  • doi: 10.14245/ns.1836124.062
OBJECTIVE: Percutaneous cervical nucleoplasty (PCN) is used to treat cervical disc herniation. Radiological imaging studies, including plain radiography, computed tomography (CT), and magnetic resonance imaging (MRI), have been used to...
A Randomized Controlled Trial of Fluoroscopically-Guided Sacroiliac Joint Injections: A Comparison of the Posteroanterior and Classical Oblique Techniques

Chauhan G, Hehar P, Loomba V, Upadhyay A

  • Neurospine.
  • 2019 Jun;16(2):317-324.
  • doi: 10.14245/ns.1836122.061
OBJECTIVE: The sacroiliac joint can be a primary source of pain or part of multifactorial syndromes. As there is no single historical, physical examination-based, or radiological feature that definitively establishes...
Effective Parameters for Gait Analysis in Experimental Models for Evaluating Peripheral Nerve Injuries in Rats

Matias Júnior I, Medeiros P, de Freita , Vicente-César H, Ferreira Junior JR, Machado HR, Menezes-Reis R

  • Neurospine.
  • 2019 Jun;16(2):305-316.
  • doi: 10.14245/ns.1836080.040
OBJECTIVE: Chronic constriction injury (CCI) of the sciatic nerve is a peripheral nerve injury widely used to induce mononeuropathy. This study used machine learning methods to identify the best gait...
Comparative Finite Element Analysis of Lumbar Cortical Screws and Pedicle Screws in Transforaminal and Posterior Lumbar Interbody Fusion

Sin DA, Heo DH

  • Neurospine.
  • 2019 Jun;16(2):298-304.
  • doi: 10.14245/ns.1836030.015
OBJECTIVE: Lumbar cortical screw fixation (CSF), rather than pedicle screw fixation (PSF), has recently been attempted in lumbar interbody fusion. The purpose of our study was to evaluate the biomechanical...
The Transspinal Canal Screwing Technique for Atlantoaxial Anomalies: A Technical Note and 2 Case Reports

Takebayashi K, Kubota M, Yuzurihara M, Tachibana , Kawamata T

  • Neurospine.
  • 2019 Jun;16(2):293-297.
  • doi: 10.14245/ns.1836118.059
It is difficult to treat atlantoaxial instability in patients with a high-riding vertebral artery or anomalies of the craniocervical junction. We report 2 successful cases in which the transspinal canal...
Anterior Retropharyngeal Cage Distraction and Fixation for Basilar Invagination: “The Wedge Technique”

Patkar S

  • Neurospine.
  • 2019 Jun;16(2):286-292.
  • doi: 10.14245/ns.1938172.086
OBJECTIVE: Surgery is indicated for basilar invagination (BI) in symptomatic patients. In many patients, symptoms and signs occur due to an upward-migrated and malaligned odontoid with fixed or mobile atlantoaxial...
Problems in Instrumentation of Syndromic Craniovertebral Junction Anomalies: Case Reports

Muthukumar N

  • Neurospine.
  • 2019 Jun;16(2):277-285.
  • doi: 10.14245/ns.1938176.088
The aim of this study is to highlight the complications of instrumentation in the setting of syndromic craniovertebral junction (CVJ) anomalies. The records of patients with syndromic CVJ anomalies treated...
Independent Correlation of the C1–2 Cobb Angle With Patient-Reported Outcomes After Correcting Chronic Atlantoaxial Instability

Pan Z, Xi Y, Huang W, Kim KN, Yi S, Shin DA, Huang K, Chen Y, Huang Z, He D, Ha Y

  • Neurospine.
  • 2019 Jun;16(2):267-276.
  • doi: 10.14245/ns.1836268.134
OBJECTIVE: To investigate three-planar radiographic results and patient-reported outcomes (PROs) after correcting chronic atlantoaxial instability (AAI) by translaminar screw (TLS) and pedicle screw (PS) fixation, and to explore the potential...
Suture Repair in Endoscopic Surgery for Craniovertebral Junction

Yeh MY, Huang WC, Wu JC, Kuo CH, Chang HK, Tu TH, Chang PY, Yen YS, Cheng H

  • Neurospine.
  • 2019 Jun;16(2):257-266.
  • doi: 10.14245/ns.1938174.087
OBJECTIVE: Endoscopic approaches to the craniovertebral junction (CVJ) have been established as viable and effective surgical treatments in the past decade. One of the major complications is leakage of the...
The Nuances of Occipitocervical Instability and Stenosis in Patients With Basilar Invagination and Atlantoaxial Dislocation

Chang CC, Mummaneni

  • Neurospine.
  • 2019 Jun;16(2):255-256.
  • doi: 10.14245/ns.19edi.011
No abstract available.
Human Craniovertebral Alignment as a “Tertiary Curvature”

Hong JT

  • Neurospine.
  • 2019 Jun;16(2):251-254.
  • doi: 10.14245/ns.19edi.010
No abstract available.
Basilar Invagination and Atlantoaxial Dislocation: Reduction, Deformity Correction and Realignment Using the DCER (Distraction, Compression, Extension, and Reduction) Technique With Customized Instrumentation and Implants

Sarat Chandra P, Bajaj J, Singh PK, Garg K, Agarwal D

  • Neurospine.
  • 2019 Jun;16(2):231-250.
  • doi: 10.14245/ns.1938194.097
OBJECTIVE: The technique of distraction, compression, extension, and reduction (DCER) is effective to reduce, realign, and relieve cranio-spinal compression through posterior only approach. METHODS: Study included all patients with atlantoaxial dislocation...
Mechanically Relevant Anatomy of the Axis Vertebra and Its Relation to Hangman's Fracture: An Illustrated Essay

Menon VK

  • Neurospine.
  • 2019 Jun;16(2):223-230.
  • doi: 10.14245/ns.1938140.070
To describe the biomechanically relevant anatomy of the Axis vertebra and the load transfer patterns within the bone, and on that basis, to postulate its mechanism of injury, a literature...

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