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Effects of Lamotrigine on Problem-Solving Abilities in Newly Diagnosed Pediatric Patients with Epilepsy

Lee SH, Kim SJ

BACKGROUND AND PURPOSE: This study aimed to determine the effects of lamotrigine (LTG) on language unction, including problem-solving abilities, in newly diagnosed pediatric epileptic patients. METHODS: This study included 112 newly...
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Benign Paroxysmal Positional Vertigo after Yoga Practice

Soh SH, Lee HS

A 57-year-old woman presented with sudden onset of whirling vertigo associated with nausea and vomiting. The neurological examination showed left-beating horizontal nystagmus on the lying-down test and right-beating horizontal nystagmus...
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Management of post-cardiac arrest syndrome

Kang Y

Post-cardiac arrest syndrome is a complex and critical issue in resuscitated patients undergone cardiac arrest. Ischemic-reperfusion injury occurs in multiple organs due to the return of spontaneous circulation. Bundle of...
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Inter-rater agreement of Korean Triage and Acuity Scale between emergency physicians and nurses

Kim HI, Oh SB, Choi HJ

OBJECTIVE: The Korean Triage and Acuity Scale (KTAS) has been used in all emergency departments (EDs) since 2016. Medical personnel can provide the treatment priority based on the KTAS levels....
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Conjugate Eye Deviation in Unilateral Lateral Medullary Infarction

Teufel J, Strupp M, Linn J, Kalla R, Feil K

BACKGROUND AND PURPOSE: The initial diagnosis of medullary infarction can be challenging since CT and even MRI results in the very acute phase are often negative. METHODS: A retrospective, observer-blinded study...
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Clinical Features of Fracture versus Concussion of the Temporal Bone after Head Trauma

Kong TH, Lee JW, Park YA, Seo YJ

BACKGROUND AND OBJECTIVES: Temporal bone fracture (TBF) is a common occurrence in cases of head trauma. Although the incidence of temporal bone concussion (TBC) has increased in cases of head...
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Presenting Internuclear Ophthalmoplegia with Peripheral Type Facial Palsy: Seven-and-a-Half Syndrome

Kwon JA, Lee JM

A 49-year-old male presented with horizontal binocular diplopia without facial pain or skin lesion. Limitation of medial gaze in the left eye was revealed on neurological examination, which is accompanied...
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The Correlation of the Grading of Chemotherapy-Induced Peripheral Neurotoxicity (CIPN) Using the Total Neuropathy Score-Reduced and Various Electrophysiological Parameters in Breast Cancer Patients

Kim SY, Yang HJ, Koh SJ

BACKGROUND: The accurate grading of chemotherapy-induced peripheral neuropathy (CIPN) represents an unsolved issue. This study evaluated usefulness of the reduced version of Total Neuropathy Score TNS (TNSr) and the correlation...
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Ponto-medullary Junction Infarction Presenting as Ipsilateral Abducens Nerve Palsy and Contralateral Hemiparesis without Facial Involvement

Lim JH, Kim YS, Lee HS

Raymond syndrome is a pontine syndrome consisting of ipsilateral abducens nerve palsy, contralateral facial paralysis, and contralateral hemiparesis. However, subsequent clinical observations argued on the presentation of facial involvement. The...
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Clinical Characteristics of Patients Receiving Sinonasal Surgery after Neurologic Evaluation

Kil BK, Kim DS, Ye MK, Lee DW, Shin SH

BACKGROUND AND OBJECTIVES: Magnetic resonance imaging is commonly used in neurologic examination of intracranial problems. Incidental abnormalities in the sinonasal area without clinical symptoms have been reported in about 38%...
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Reflex and Spontaneous Movements of Patients in the Process of Determining Brain Death

Kim YS, Kim J, Kwon OY, Kim M, Lee J, Cho W, Kim DH, Yang TW, Kim SK

Brain death is a clinical diagnosis that implies irreversible loss of function of the entire brain, including the brainstem and both hemispheres. It is not uncommon for reflex and spontaneous...
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Lateral Ventricular Meningioma Presenting with Intraventricular Hemorrhage

Moon JS, Cha SH, Cho WH

A 35-year-old female visited emergency department for a sudden onset of headache with vomiting after management for abortion at local department. Neurological examination revealed drowsy mentality without focal neurological deficits....
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Spontaneous Intracranial and Spinal Subdural Hematoma: A Case Report

Kim DG, Cho YS, Wang HS, Kim SW

Spinal subdural hematoma (SDH) is rarely reported, and their simultaneous occurrence with intracranial SDH is even more rare. A 67-year-old male patient with a history of posterolateral fusion to treat...
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A Case of a Child with Seizure caused by Organophosphate Poisoning

Jang JH, Lee Y, Lee JH, Oh JH, Kim JH, Yoo IH

Seizure is a temporary symptom or sign which is caused by an abnormal electrical stimulation of brain. Depending on whether a seizure has preceding factors or not, it can be...
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Isolated Tuberculoma Mimicking Foramen Magnum Meningioma in the Absence of Primary Tuberculosis: A Case Report

Kolakshyapati M, Takeda M, Mitsuhara , Yamaguchi , Abiko M, Matsuda S, Kurisu K

Central nervous system tuberculosis is a devastating complication of systemic tuberculosis. Intradural extramedullary (IDEM) tuberculoma at the foramen magnum is rare, and mimics en plaque meningioma. We report the case...
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Diagnosis and Management of Diabetic Peripheral Neuropathy

Moon SS

Diabetic peripheral neuropathy (DPN) is one of the most common complications of diabetes and is diagnosed as the presence of symptoms and/or signs of peripheral nerve dysfunction in people with...
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Overview of the Korean Longitudinal Study on Cognitive Aging and Dementia

Han JW, Kim TH, Kwak KP, Kim K, Kim BJ, Kim SG, Kim JL, Kim TH, Moon SW, Park JY, Park JH, Byun S, Suh SW, Seo JY, So Y, Ryu SH, Youn JC, Lee KH, Lee DY, Lee DW, Lee SB, Lee JJ, Lee JR, Jeong H, Jeong HG, Jhoo JH, Han K, Hong JW, Kim KW

OBJECTIVE: Due to an unprecedented rate of population aging, South Korea is facing a dementia epidemic. For this reason, the Korean Longitudinal Study on Cognitive Aging and Dementia (KLOSCAD) was...
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Posterior Inferior Cerebellar Artery Aneurysm, Mimicking Lateral Medullary Infarction: A Case Report

Kim CH

Posterior inferior cerebellar artery (PICA) aneurysm is relatively rare. We report on a 74-year-old woman presenting with dizziness and right-side tilted gait caused by a rightside distal PICA aneurysm, which...
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A Case of Spontaneous Intracranial Hypotension Accompanied by Acute Kidney Injury in a Child

Kim EJ, Lee SJ, Lee BL

Spontaneous intracranial hypotension in childhood is rare, and a few cases have been reported as a cause of headache in children. A 9-year-old boy was admitted to our hospital with...
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Initial Assessment and Management of Patients with Spinal Cord Injury

Seo JY, Yoo J

STUDY DESIGN: Literature review. OBJECTIVES: To summarize the most up-to-date information on the initial management and neurological examination of patients with spinal cord injury (SCI). SUMMARY OF LITERATURE REVIEW: Secondary injuries result...
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